Malaria Control Programme

Malaria Control Programme

MALARIA CONTROL PROGRAMME Keerti Bhusan Pradhan New Email: [email protected] Mobile:+91-9501119651 Malaria BurdenPoverty

Global Magnitude of Burden 40% of the worlds population are at risk 300 million acute illness (annually) One million death (annually) Economic Costs of Malaria

Malaria is disease of poverty and cause of poverty Major constraint of Economic Development Annual economic growth in countries with high malaria transmission is lower than countries without malaria Severely restrains the economic growth

Influence on Social and Economic Decisions Undeveloped tourist industry due to reluctance of travelers to visit Undeveloped markets due to traders unwillingness to invest in malarious areas Preference by individual farmers/households to plant subsistence crops rather than more labour-intensive

cash crops because of malarias impact on labour during harvest season Role of Private Sector Local and International businesses operating in malarious areas are also learning that support for malaria control not only reduces levels of absenteeism and lost productivity, but also boosts labour, community and government

relations In the long term increased productivity will encourage market expansion, boost household spending and change consumption patterns. Ways of Private Participation Contributing Capital to scale-up current programmes or create new ones Assisting in the research and development of new

interventions and treatments of malaria Providing management and business expertise to stimulate the market for ITMNs & Antimalarial drugs Using their network of distribution channels to carry lifesaving medicines and prevention measures to remote communities Using their marketing and PR expertise to assist public education campaigns WHO/TDR and MMV(Medicines for Malaria Venture)

India Magnitude of Burden Two Million cases per year 1000 deaths per year States with major death rate (70%) AP, MS, MP, Rajasthan, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Orissa History of Malaria Programme 1946-India started using DDT

1953-NMCP Started 1958-NMCP-NMEP 1959-Vector Resistance detected 1965-Re-emergence of malaria 1976-Peak of malaria cases 1977-India starts MPO 1991-Peak of P. falciparum cases 1994-Large scale epidemics (Eastern India/Western Rajasthan)

2000-NMEP-NAMP Malaria Parasites Plasmodium Vivax-May cause relapsing malaria but seldom death (50-55% of total reported cases) P. falciparum-malignant malaria-death (48-52% of total cases) P.malariae-may cause severe malaria

(small numbers found in foothills of Orissa) P. ovale (not found in India) Current Malaria Control Strategies EDPT-Relief and reduce reservoir Selective Vector Control MethodsInsecticide Spray/Larvivorous Fish ITMN IEC-Community Participation &

Intersectoral Collaboration Capacity Building of Optimal Utilization of the technical manpower 2002-2003:Rs.203 Crores (2003 million) Economic Loss of Malaria Burden 1990-1993: $630 million (Sharma,1996) 70-80% of the malaria control money

is spent on insecticides (Dhingra et al., 1998) Financing Cost sharing between Centre & State (Except 7 N.E. States) Central Govt.-Technical Guidance & Assistance in the form of kind(insecticides, anti malarial

drugs,Training,IEC) State Govt.-responsible for programme implementation ITMN AS A STRATEGY 1990-Trials demonstrated the effectiveness of nets treated with pyrethroid Issues

Community Financing Affordability by reducing/abolishing taxes and tariffs on insecticides, mosquitonets and other associated materials used Gender and Equity Issues Women with low access to financial resources may delay in seeking the

treatment Similarly care for Children falls on mothers Difficulty in financing the treatment for fever during illness Challenges Ecological changes Decrease in Public Financing

Centre: State 50:50 ITMN-Availability & Affordability Drugs & Medicines Manpower THANK YOU

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Writing Abstracts What Is an Abstract? Summary of

    Writing Abstracts What Is an Abstract? Summary of

    The abstract is typically 200-600 words long and is a short version of an article, book, thesis, or dissertation. It is usually used in academic writing. ... and science. The first step of any writing project is to know your...
  • Service Provider requirements for 802.11n

    Service Provider requirements for 802.11n

    Service Provider Requirements Tutorial Date: 2005-03-14 Authors: Notice: This document has been prepared to assist IEEE 802.11. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s).
  • Meta Ethics The Last Module eeeeek! Ethical Language

    Meta Ethics The Last Module eeeeek! Ethical Language

    Naturalism A key question when trying to reach a definition of morality etc. is the is-ought gap (or the Naturalistic Fallacy). Naturalistic theories of ethics attempt to define good in terms of something that can be identified in the world...
  • Class 8  October 30 My Image is My

    Class 8 October 30 My Image is My

    Oakes Test. E-commerce regulation and spam is a real problem! Class 8. Compliance and Enforcement Decision CRTC 2017-367 (cont.) 4. Does CASL violate any of the rights of CompuFinder protected by section 11 of the Charter? (crim / penal rights)
  • PHY 2048 Fall 2009 LECTURE 1 Units &

    PHY 2048 Fall 2009 LECTURE 1 Units &

    Speed=length/time Quantity unit symbol International System of Units Length meter m Time second s Mass kilogram Kg Speed meter/sec m/s Quantity unit symbol Photographs can be used to measure motion. While the camera's shutter was open, both the runners and...
  • Thinking Quilt As you know, Tudors is special

    Thinking Quilt As you know, Tudors is special

    They were seen as a threat to social order. They were dishonest and referred to as 'sturdy beggars'. These homeless people were considered immoral and criminal. KNOW Key facts about Elizabethan economy EXPLAIN Explain how the economy changed over time...
  • The Two Kingdoms Initiative

    The Two Kingdoms Initiative

    Presbyterians approve Gay Marriage in Church Constitution. March 17, 2015. The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) approved redefining marriage in the church constitution to include a "commitment between two people," becoming the largest Protestant group to formally recognize gay marriage as Christian...
  • MapServer - MapWV.gov

    MapServer - MapWV.gov

    Combines MapServer, phpMapScript, and AJAX Just point it at a MapServer map file Caches image tiles on the server and the client. Ka-Map Demo Fayette Tax Maps Demo MapGuide Open Source "MapGuide Open Source is a web-based platform that enables...