Geography and the Early Settlement of China History Alive Chapter 19 Warm UP Copy your homework Read the passage of the Terra Cotta Warriors

and answer the questions An Introduction Listen to the video on the website and take notes.

Ancient Chinas Isolation Chinas geography kept the early settlements in Inner China isolated. You learned about the different ways that China

was isolated, now go on through the powerpoint to label your map of China and learn more An Overview of Chinas Geography Third largest country in

the world. About 1.2 billion people live in China. Divide China into two main areasOuter China and Inner China.

The Geography of Outer China Outer China includes western and northern parts of present day China. In the southwest China is bounded by the

Himalaya Mountains. The Geography of Inner China Southeastern part of present-day China. Closer to sea level Land of rolling hills,

river valleys, and plains. Rivers enrich the soil by flooding. Label these Waterways in China Color these blue 1.Yellow (Huang He)

2.Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) 3.Pearl River 4.Songhua River 5.South China Sea Label these Plateaus in China Color these light green

Loess Plateau Tibetan Plateau (Make sure you have a definition from the video!) *****also label the Himalaya Mountains The Tibet-Qinghai Plateau Climate is very cold

Air is thin and dry Snow falls year long The Tibet-Qinghai Plateau Southwestern part of China Roof of the World

Covers 25% of China Elevation is 2 miles above sea level Deserts in China Taklimakan Gobi

color these brown Chinas Northwest Northwestern Deserts Area includes the second lowest place in

China called the Turfan Depression. (550 feet below sea level) Its so hot that raindrops evaporate before reaching the ground.

The Gobi Desert Stretching 500,000 square miles. One of the worlds largest deserts. Most of the desert is

made up of small pebbles. Plains in China Color these dark green North China Plain Northeastern Plain

Chang Jiang Plain (Basin) Plain - a large flat area with few trees Basin - an area of land drained by a river and its branches and tributaries Tibet-Qinghai Plain Major geographical area

and the worlds largest plateau. Bitterly cold. 50 days a year without frost or snow. Snowstorms common even in July.

The Tibet-Qinghai Plateau Natural Vegetation is sparse scrubs and grasses. Antelopes and Yaks (a type of ox) roam the area.

Wolves and Wildcats hunt the animals in the area. The Tibet-Qinghai Plateau Legend says 300 cities are buried 600 feet

beneath the sand dunes. Northeast Plain

Northeastern Plain Low Hills and plains. Short, hot summers. Winters are long and dry.

Five months of freezing temperature. Climate of China The Tibet-Qinghai Plateau Two of Chinas major

rivers begin in this area the Huang He (Yellow River) and the Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) The plateau is rather dry

The Taklimakan Desert 105,000 square miles A dangerous desert Once you go in, you will not come out Sand dunes and sandstorms

The Northeastern Plain Located in present-day Mongolia. Land of low hills and plains. Natural vegetation is

mostly prairie grass. The Northeastern Plain The plain is too cold and dry to be a good place for growing crops. This plain was the route

several groups of invaders took into Inner China. The North China Plain Flat region of grassland in Inner China. Temperatures range

from very cold to quite warm. Called the Land of the Yellow Earth Covered by a yellow limestone silt

The North China Plain Silt are fine particles of rock The silt gives the river its name, Huang He or Yellow River.

Early Settlement in Ancient China First inhabitants lived in caves 500,000 years ago. Peking Man found in the 1920s. Lived by hunting,

gathering, and fishing. Early Settlement in Ancient China While people began farming they settled mostly in the North China Plain in Inner

China. They lived near the Huang He.

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