FOOTBALL It's a game of inches. It's a game of controlled collision. It's a game of options. Team options in From the coin toss to placement FOOTBALL
of the ball in overtime Presented by Bill Bert, interpreter Lancaster Chapter of PIAA Football Officials COIN TOSS Held before the scheduled game starting time. Toss or simulated toss
on field 3 minutes before starting time. (3-2-1) COIN TOSS Visiting team will give a heads or tails choice before the coin toss. Winner of toss may choose to receive, kick,
defend a goal or defer first choice of options to nd COIN TOSS Keep it simple receive or defer. Opponent gets remaining choice or if winning team deferred it will elect
to receive. MOCK TOSS U R Umpire brings team from chains sideline. Referee brings team from press box sideline. Referee
on side that team from opposite sideline will be going. MOCK TOSS R Review options selected. U
MOCK TOSSR U Review options selected. If winner defers, tap shoulder and give signal.
MOCK U TOSS R Rotate teams. Referee rotates in front of teams, taps shoulder of
receiving captain and signals receive. 2 nd HALF H
R B U OVERTIME 3-minute intermission. Coin toss, visitor calls. Winner may choose offense, defense or end of the field.
Opponent gets remaining option. First option alternates if game remains tied. GAME BALL Each team may use any referee-approved ball of its choice to free kick or start a new series of downs.
(1-3-2) If the defense scores a touchdown, it may use any referee-approved ball for the try. PENALTIES Any penalty may be accepted or declined. (10-1-1) The distance penalty for any foul may be
declined. Decisions must be made before any timeout. PENALTIES Give preliminary signal to press-box side of field only. You might skip the preliminary signal on false starts,
encroachments and some other dead-ball fouls, but they should not be PENALTIES Special options apply to: Free kick out of bounds. Kick-catching interference.
Double fouls with change of possession. PENALTIES Free kick out of bounds Special options can come into play as soon as the opening kickoff. 5-yard penalty and K re-kicks. Take first down 25 yards from previous spot.
Decline and take ball at the PENALTIES Free kick out of bounds Signal free kick out of bounds. Point to yard line if ball taken 25 yards from previous spot. BJ gives final signal if rekick.
PENALTIES Kick-catching interference. During free kick or scrimmage kick, no player may touch the ball or R or may obstruct R's path to the ball. K may catch, touch, muff or bat a scrimmage kick if no player of R is in position to catch the ball. (6-5-
PENALTIES Kick-catching interference. Penalty is 15 yards from previous spot or an awarded fair catch at the spot of the foul. Don't confuse this with contact after a fair catch. PENALTIES
Double foul during change of possession down when team last in possession did not foul before it gained possession. Team may decline its opponent's foul and retain possession. It also may accept its opponent's foul, which creates a double foul and replay of the down. (10-2-2) PENALTIES
Double foul during change of possession down when team last in possession did not foul before it gained possession. Team not last in possession then may accept or decline fouls. Same applies if all R fouls are PSK. (10-2-3) PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays.
Generally: Special options exist for either A or B on dead-ball, unsportsmanlike or nonplayer fouls. Only A has special options for liveball fouls. PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Touchdown. Foul by B live-ball, unsportsmanlike, deadball before initial RFP
for try: A may accept result of the play and take penalty on try or kickoff. PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Touchdown. Sequence when on KO. PENALTIES
Fouls during or after scoring plays. Touchdown. Foul by A unsportsmanlike during or after the down or dead-ball foul before initial RFP for the try: B may take penalty on try or kickoff. (8-2-4, 8- PENALTIES
Fouls during or after scoring plays. Touchdown. Foul by A live-ball: B must take penalty to negate the score. Declining the penalty results in a touchdown with no enforcement. PENALTIES
Fouls during or after scoring plays. Touchdown after change of possession. Live-ball after change of possession: Same as if no turnover. (8-2-3) Foul before change of possession: Scoring team must decline penalty PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays.
Try for point. Dead-ball after RFP but before snap: Either team, enforce on try only. Dead-ball after kick (good or no good): Either team, enforce at succeeding spot. (10-4- PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Try for point. Live ball. Try is good.
By A: B accepts penalty to negate points; retry unless loss-of-down foul. No option to enforce on kickoff. (8-3-4) B: A may acceptand and retry By or accept point(s) penalty
take penalty at succeeding spot. PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Try for point. Live ball. Try is no good By A: Penalty obviously declined, no enforcement. (8-3-6) By B: Replay after
enforcement with or without distance penalty. No carryover. PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Field goal. Live-ball. Kick is good. By A: Accept penalty with enforcement at previous spot; declining penalty scores FG
By B: Accept penalty and replay or accept points and take penalty at succeeding spot (8-4-3) PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Field goal. Live-ball. Kick is no good. By A: B may decline penalty and take possession or enforce
penalty at previous spot. By B: Enforce penalty at PSK spot (if applies); otherwise, previous spot. (10-4-3) PENALTIES Fouls during or after scoring plays. Effect on overtime. Fouls with option to subsequent kickoff, may not be carried over to or applied during overtime.
Touchdown. Fouls with option to succeeding spot, may be applied in overtime. ENFORCEMENT OF FOULS DURING SCORING PLAYS Score Situation Foul by A Foul by B
TD Live ball foul (no change of possession) B must accept penalty to negate score; declining penalty scores TD (10-1-1, 10-5-3) A may take result of the play and
have penalty on try or kickoff (8-2-2) TD Live ball foul (after change of possession) * B may take result of the play and have penalty on try or kickoff (8-2-3)
A must accept penalty to negate score; declining penalty scores TD (10-1-1, 105-3) TD Live ball foul (before B must decline penalty to keep ball change of and score, no enforcement of penalty possession) * (5-2-1, 10-1-1, 10-6)
Accept penalty to negate score, retain ball; enforce from basic spot (5-2-1, 8-22, 10-1-1, 10-6) TD Unsportsmanlike or Option to enforce penalty on try or nonplayer foul subsequent kickoff (8-2-4) Option to enforce penalty on try or subsequent kickoff (8-2-4)
TD Dead ball foul after Option to enforce penalty score but before on try or subsequent kickoff (8-2-5) ready for play on try Option to enforce penalty on try or subsequent kickoff (8-2-5)
XP Dead ball foul after ready for play, but before the snap Enforce on try ( 5-2-3, 10-4-5) Enforce on try (5-2-3, 10-4-5)
XP Live ball foul kick, run or pass is good Accept penalty, retry; unless loss-ofAccept penalty, retry; or accept points, down foul, no retry (5-2-1, 8-3-4, 10-1penalty at succeeding spot (8-3-5) 1, 10-5-3, 10-6) XP
Live ball foul kick, run or pass is no good Penalty obviously declined, no enforcement (8-3-6) Replay down after enforcement (8-3-6) XP
Dead ball foul after kick (good or no good) Enforce at succeeding spot (5-2-3, 10-4-5) Enforce at succeeding spot (5-2-3, 10-4-5)
FG Live ball foul kick is good Enforce penalty at previous spot, Accept penalty, replay; or accept points, declining penalty scores FG (5-2-1, 10- penalty at succeeding spot 1-1, 10-5-3,10-6) (8-4-3)
FG Live ball foul kick is no good B must decline penalty to keep ball, or Enforce penalty at PSK spot if PSK take penalty at previous spot (5-2-1, applies, otherwise previous spot 10-1-1, 10-6) (10-4-3)
AFTER TRY OR FIELD GOAL Opponent of the scoring team shall designate which team will kick off. (8-3-9, 8-4-2) FAIR CATCH Captain may choose to free kick or snap anywhere between the hash
marks on the yard line through the spot of the catch or the spot of interference when a fair catch is awarded. (6-5-4) Choices remain after a dead-ball foul or an accepted foul during the next down. FAIR CATCH B
H R L U FAIR CATCH S H B
F R L U FAIR CATCH H B
S R L U FIRST TOUCHING Free kick K touches kick before it crosses R's freekick line or is touched by
R player. (6-1-6) Scrimmage kick K touches kick beyond expanded neutral zone before touched by R. (6- FIRST TOUCHING R may take the ball at the spot of first touching, or any spot
if there is more than one, or it may accept the result of the play. FIRST TOUCHING Ignore touching if caused by R pushing or blocking K into the ball. R loses the right to take the ball at the spot of
first touching if R kick and later commits touches thea foul or if the penalty is accepted for any live-ball FIRST TOUCHING INADVERTENT
WHISTLE Penalty takes precedence. Down is replayed if during snap, legal forward pass or legal kick. (4-2-3a) INADVERTENT WHISTLE If the ball is loose for any
other reason, the team last in possession may replay down or take result where possession was lost. (4-2-3b) If the ball is in player possession, team may accept the result of the play or replay the down. (4-2-3c) SHORTENING PERIODS A period or periods may be
shortened in any emergency by agreement of the opposing coaches and the referee. By mutual agreement of the opposing coaches and the referee, any remaining period may be shortened at any time or the game MISAPPLIED RULE Team's request must be made
prior to the time the ball becomes live after the play to be reviewed. (3-5-11) No change timeout charged to team or delay of game penalty. If change official's timeout. CORRECTING TIMING ERROR The referee shall have authority to
correct obvious errors in timing if discovery is prior to the second live ball after the error unless the period has officially ended. (3-4- CORRECTING DOWN NUMBER
3 The official down is determined by the referee. The down can be corrected until a change of possession occurs or a new series has been awarded. (Casebook 5.1.1 Situation BALL
POSITION Before the ready-for-play signal, A may designate the spot from which the ball is put in play between the hashes in seven situations. (4-3-6) Start of each series in overtime. After a fair catch. After an awarded fair catch. BALL POSITION
Start After After For a For a After After of each series in overtime. a fair catch. an awarded fair catch.
kickoff. try. a safety. a touchback. Team options in From the coin toss to placement FOOTBALL of the ball in overtime
QUESTIONS COMMENTS Team options in FOOTBALL Coin toss. Choice of ball. Penalties: including free kick out of bounds, kick-catching
interference, double fouls with change of possession, fouls during scoring plays. Team options in Shortening periods. FOOTBALL After try or field goal. After a fair catch or awarded
fair catch. First touching. Inadvertent whistle. Team options in Misapplied rule. FOOTBALL Correcting timing errors. Correcting the down number. 7 situations when ball position
may be selected. Team options in From the coin toss to placement FOOTBALL of the ball in overtime lancasterfootballofficials.org piaa.org
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