I Timothy 4 Grace Bible Church of Pullman Pastor-Teacher, Ron McMurray The Doctrine of Godliness (Experiential Sanctification) 1. Definition. a) Godliness is a word in the New Testament derived from two different Greek words: EUSEBEIA and THEOSEBEIA. Both mean duty toward God and both are technical for the balance of residency in the soul. By balance of residency in the soul is meant:
When we believe in the Lord Jesus Christ we are born again as royal family of God. So God the Holy Spirit comes to indwell us and this is the escutcheon or the sign of the royal family. Then we have in the soul (when we start) the filling of the Holy Spirit, and that lasts until the first time we sin, at which time we lose the filling of the Spirit. When we rebound 1 John 1:9 we are again filled with the Holy Spirit. We start out with minus doctrine in the soul and the minus has to become a plus.
The daily study and application of doctrine causes a balance between the filling of the Holy Spirit and maximum doctrine resident in the soul. This is also known technically as experiential sanctification, but we are studying it under the title godliness. So godliness means our duty toward God. The second noun, THEOSEBEIA also means reverence for God. They are both very technical words with a slight difference in the meaning. ESUEBEIA
is actually the establishing of the balance of residency in the soul through the study and application of doctrine. THEOSEBEIA is the result of this in occupation with the person of Jesus Christ. b) Godliness therefore refers to the balance of residency and becomes a synonym for experiential sanctification phase two sanctification or occupation with Christ. c) Godliness is based on the escutcheon of the royal family or the indwelling presence of God the Holy Spirit. d) Godliness is that balance of residency in the soul of the believer whereby he is filled with the Spirit and possesses maximum doctrine in the soul which produces
maximum love for God. e) Godliness, then, is the status quo of the super-grace or mature believer. The second noun qeosebeia indicates his occupation with Christ. 2. The establishment and human authority is necessary for the function of godliness 1 Timothy 2:2. 3. Godliness is also related to knowledge of doctrine Titus 1:1. 4. Therefore godliness demands discipline 1 Timothy 4:7. 5.
Godliness is profitable for time and eternity 1 Tim 4:8, Blessings in time and eternity. 6. The basis for godliness is the strategical victory of Jesus Christ in the first advent 1 Timothy 3:16. 7. Godliness is distorted by reversionists under the influence of evil 1 Timothy 6:3-5; 2 Timothy 3:2-5. 8. The great gain of true godliness is found in 1 Timothy 6:6. Contentment is capacity for life, for love, for happiness, for blessing, based on inner doctrine. 9. Godliness is attained under the principle of living grace 2 Peter 1:3. Godliness is a Christian virtue 2 Peter 1:6,7;
3:11. In chapter four we deal with Church Age apostasy. The chapter is divided into three points: a) The evil attack of apostasy, verses 1-5. b) The doctrinal defense against apostasy, verses 6-10. c) The pastoral counterattack against apostasy, verses 11-16. 4:1 the source of apostasy. But the Spirit explicitly says that in the later time some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons, Verse 1 is a contrast between the strategic victory of Christ in the first advent and the Satanic offensive which goes on during the Church Age and results in apostasy.
This is very important. Satan has launched a great offensive since the strategical victory of Christ. He is the source of the attack of apostasy against the royal family of God. The attack originates from his policy as the ruler of this world. The policy is known in the Bible under the nomenclature of the word evil. Evil
is the policy of Satan. This verse will teach the principle that Satan administers his policy of evil through creatures (angelic creatures) and doctrines. Satan has his doctrine just as the Church has its doctrine. the Spirit PNEUMA - third person of the Trinity, God the Holy Spirit. But that same Spirit. What is means is, that same Holy Spirit who vindicated the incarnate Christ. In 1 Timothy 3:16 we have seen the ministry of God
the Holy Spirit in sustaining and vindicating the humanity of Christ during the period of the first advent. The Spirits ministry of vindication is directed towards each one of us as believers. In other words, toward the royal family of God. It is accomplished by the formation of the canon of scripture, its preservation , and its communication through the pastor-teacher of the local church. explicitly says that in the latter times LEGO PAInd represents the communication of the Holy Spirit as a part of the permanent record of the Bible. The active voice: God the Holy Spirit is the communicator
producing the action of the verb. He communicates to the apostle Paul, the human author of 1 Timothy chapter four. in the latter times one of the most abused, misunderstood words in the epistle. Most people think the latter times either refers to the Tribulation or the end of the Church Age. It refers to each generation actually. EN USTEROI is a comparative adjective and the comparison is between the Church Age and the Age of Israel. Then we also have the locative of KAIROI which means an age or a dispensation here. It
is in the plural, so in latter periods of time, literally. It refers to every generation of the Church Age. The plural covers not only the dispensation of the royal family of God but the conclusion of the Age of Israel which is known as the Tribulation. It covers the period between the two advents of Christ. In every generation between the first advent and the second advent there will be apostasy, that is the Satanic offensive which follows the glorification of
Christ at the right hand of the Father. The strategic victory of Jesus Christ being seated at the right hand of the Father after His resurrection calls for all of the energy, all of the genius of Satan, and all of his vigor. His vigor is unlimited, he attacks every generation from the time of the day of Pentecost all of the way to the second advent. No generation escapes. Satan is vigorous in his attacks of apostasy. It is noteworthy that the great apostasy which continues throughout the Church Age is perpetuated beyond the Rapture to the Tribulation.
This prepositional phrase does not refer to the end of the Church Age. Apostasy or reversionism runs concurrently with the greatergrace attainment and status throughout the Church Age. Every generation has two options: To follow the line of Satan apostasy, evil, reversionism or to follow the plan of Christ after salvation, learn doctrine and mature. There never has been a generation in the Church Age which did not have running simultaneously both the Satanic attacks of apostasy and the divine plan, the option of going to maturity. The
two states coexist and conflict throughout this dispensation. There will always be those who are influenced by evil in every generation; there will be those influenced by doctrine in every generation. This is the characteristic of the epochs between the advents, and it is also taught in Matthew 24:6,7. some will fall away FMIndic APHISTEMI - Some believers will become apostate, is what it means. Means to stand away from, to revolt, to abstain from, to depart, to withdraw, to fall away from, to become apostate.
The verb defines apostasy for us. Apostasy is some form of rejection of Bible doctrine. This means rejection of Bible teaching from your right pastor. This in effect becomes reversionism and is tantamount to being influenced by evil. The future tense is a gnomic future, it states the fact of apostasy or reversionism anticipated under the conditions when the believer rejects Bible doctrine and comes under the influence of evil. The believer who rejects doctrine inevitably falls into
apostasy. Apostasy will occur throughout every generation. The indicative mood, then, is the reality of this great Satanic offensive and the fact that some believers fall into it. from the faith is the ablative of separation from the noun PISTIS, used here for what is believed, i.e. doctrine. It should be translated, from the doctrine. Translation so far: But that same Holy Spirit who vindicated the incarnate Christ explicitly reports that in latter periods of time [between the advents of Christ] some believers will become apostate [will revolt against doctrine]. 4:1b
paying attention to deceitful spirits PAPtc PROSECHO - means to apply the mind to a thing, to concentrate on something, to adhere to something, to be occupied with something, to pay attention to something. The reversionistic believer is under the influence of evil and therefore produces the action. deceitful spirits PLANOS PNEUMA - refers to fallen angels who communicate Satanic doctrine and also act as Satans teachers for the dissemination of the policy of evil. Remember that Satan has his pseudo pastors, those who are effective in communicating Satanic doctrine. This
is how people get converted to becoming liberals, bleeding hearts, how they become sincere do-gooders. They are teaching demons, they are described as the messengers of Satan in 2 Corinthians 11:13-15. and doctrines of demons DIDASKALIA means the teaching ministry of doctrine, it means the communication of doctrine. DAIMONION demons. Demons is the accepted word for the fallen angels under the function of Satan. Translation: But that same Holy Spirit [who vindicated the incarnate Christ] explicitly
communicates, that in latter periods of time [the time between the advents] some believers will become apostate [depart from, fall away from, revolt against, abstain from, withdraw from] doctrine, paying attention to deceitful spirits and concentrating on doctrines from demons. Since PROSECHO means both to pay attention to and concentrate on it the demon teacher and the false doctrine are linked together. Two great doctrines are involved in this last phrase: the doctrine of reversionism and the doctrine of evil. Concentration on doctrines from demons indicates the believer in reversionism under the influence of evil. It is one of the latter stages of reversionism.
Paying attention to deceitful spirits is the last stage of reversionism. Concentration on doctrines from demons begins when the MATAIOTES or the vacuum opens into the soul. Now we move on to the apostles of apostasy in 4:2 by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron VEUDOLOGOI from the source of liars. These false communicators, these Satanic preachers, are liars. by means of hypocrisy EN HUPOKRISIS - speak from behind a mask, to be an actor as in Greek drama.
This is talking about a congenital liar, a pathological liar, a person who would rather lie than tell the truth. Notice 1. The liars who use hypocrisy to lead the royal family into apostasy are the human agents of Satan; demons and false pastors. 2. These human agents might be classified as the apostles of apostasy. 3. They exist in every category of the human race, from the highest to the lowest walk of life. 4. Politicians, followed very closely by religious leaders, generals, admirals, judges, educationalists, psychologists, students, rabble-rousers, can all be
apostles of apostasy and have been in our history. They all have one thing in common when they are in this category, they are under the influence of evil, they are under the policy of Satan. seared in their own conscience - Pf PPtc KAUSTERIAZO- means to be branded with a branding iron. It should be translated, having been branded with a branding iron. The branding iron is evil. The passive voice: the apostles of apostasy receive the action of the verb, that is, their conscience is branded with a branding iron, Satans policy of evil. SUNEDEISIS
- for conscience. It should be translated, their own conscience. Translation: By means of hypocrisy from the source of [human] liars; who because their own conscience has been branded with the branding iron of evil. ASCETICISM 1. Asceticism is lack of capacity for life, austere self-denial as a means of gaining the approbation of God. 2. Two forms of asceticism were used in the attack upon Ephesus. - Prohibition of marriage, and along with it, prohibition of sex - Prohibition of any food that tasted good or looked good or was good. So it was to live minus sex and normal eating.
These were the two forms of asceticism in Ephesus because Ephesus had once been a hell-raising town with a hell-raising population. This meant a whole lot of people who had lived it up for a long time and then went in the opposite direction to make it up to God by way of asceticism. 3. The result of this was twofold in Ephesus. Salvation came from abstinence in sex and good food Spirituality came from abstinence in sex and good food.
Good food stimulates the palate, sex stimulates the body. Anything that stimulates is wrong, says the ascetic. If its fun, if its a pleasure, if its stimulating, its wrong. 4. The prohibitions regarding food and sex actually had their origin in ascetic gnosticism. That means that later on the representatives of ascetic gnosticism in history are people like Marcion, Saturnius, etc. They
were uncomfortable in a sensuous world controlled by the demi urge, therefore to get comfortable they said you must abstain from certain foods and sex. They claimed this on the basis of the fact that each one of us has a soul, which they called an Eon, and the Eon is trapped by the world of the demi urge which they called the God of the Old Testament . You must break out into the heaven of PLEROMA. And the only way that you can get your eon out of your body and into heaven is to starve your body and keep your body away from sex or anything that is stimulating. There were many groups, organizations of people, in Israel at this time and that actually spread throughout
the ancient world. The Pharisees were the theological legalists. The Saduccees were the rationalistic legalists. The Zealots were the hippie-type revolutionists. Then there were the reactors to everything in society called the Essenes, and they went out into the desert and practiced these various forms of asceticism. 4:3
men who forbid marriage and advocate abstaining from foods which God has created to be gratefully shared in by those who believe and know the truth. Men who forbid PAPtc KOLUO means to hinder, to prevent, to forbid The apostles of apostasy, these false teachers representing the Satanic viewpoint, taught and evangelized by leading away, by seducing spiritually members of the flock in Ephesus. marriage- PAInfin GAMEO - means to marry. And then have sexual relationships. Ascetic reversionism rejects the legitimate expression of sex in category #2 love.
It becomes, therefore, a form of legalism to gain the approbation of God. These people thought they could get Gods attention by not having sex, based on the reaction to the sexual excesses which always exist in heathenism. Many of these people were reacting to the famous phallic cult of the ancient world. There were two categories of people who taught this. Those who taught that you cant go to heaven if you ever have sex. The second thing was, you can go to heaven if you have sex but youre going to be in a
lesser place. Furthermore, they believed God will never bless you in time. abstaining from foods PAInfin APECHO means to hold ones self away from something. They forbid marriage and command abstinence. which God has created to be gratefully shared in by those who believe and know the truth. God HO THEOS - the God. has created God created food for man. KTIZO AAIndic It takes the occurrence, for example, of animal life being created on the fifth and sixth days of the earths restoration and gathers it into one entirety.
Asceticism is rejecting what God provided for mans health and blessing physically. to be gratefully shared in - EIS METALHYIS means taking or receiving. Genesis 9:3. gratefully shared META EUCHARISTIA We call that grace or thanking God for the food and asking it to be sanctified so that whatever impurities exist will be set aside, and that even impure food or spoiled food will be for the nourishment of our bodies. The taking of food can be a pleasure as well as a necessity. by those who believe and know the truth. - PISTOI - means by dependable believers.
and the ascensive use of KAI translated even. know the truth Pf A Ptc EPIGNOSKO means maximum knowledge of doctrine. It represents the status of maturity in a very vivid and realistic way. Translation: They forbid marriage, and command abstinence from certain foods, which the God has created for receiving with thanksgiving by faithful believers, even those who have full knowledge of the doctrine, with the result that they have maximum doctrine resident in the soul. 4:4
For everything created by God is good and nothing is to be rejected, if it is received with gratitude everything PAS KTISMA every creature. It is a reference to the animal world here. There is no such thing as any kind of meat that is not fit for human consumption. Some meat is better than others. by God The absence of the definite article emphasizes the perfect quality of the creator who knows exactly what He is doing in providing animals for food. is good KALOS - means good for food. This not only
knocks out asceticism but it also indicates that God has provided in His grace all kinds of creatures for food. and nothing to be rejected KAI OUDEN - nothing in the types of animal life; APOBLETOI - means to reject something as unclean. if it is received with gratitude PPPtc LAMBANO means to receive food in the sense of eating it. with gratitude META EUCHARISTIA - means dont eat without sanctifying it. Translation: Because everything created by God is good for food, and nothing is to be rejected as unclean, if the food is received with thanksgiving. 4:5 For it is sanctified by means of the word of God
and prayer. it is sanctified PPIndic HAGIAZO to be set apart. The result is that the food, even if it is somehow dangerous, is now without danger and the food is turned into nourishment. When a person says grace before meals he sanctifies or sets apart or consecrates the food. This means that whatever may be injurious or harmful is set aside and the otherwise dangerous food is rendered harmless, and at the same time rendered nutritious.
by the word of God DIA plus the genitive of LOGOS is through the agency of the Word from God. The word from God has promised that animal and plant life will sustain and nourish the physical body so that human life can be maintained during the course of the angelic conflict. Genesis 1:29,30. and prayer ENTEUCHIS - which is an intensive prayer of intercession. Translation: For it is set apart for nourishment through the word from God and prayer.
Principle 1. Bible doctrine guarantees both spiritual and physical food. 2. The prayer or saying grace of the greater-grace believer removes the problem of impurities in food. 3. The principle of grace before meals is also found in 1 Samuel 9:13. 4. Jesus Christ offered prayer before eating the loaves and the fishes Matthew 14:19; 15:36. 5. Paul on ship board offered prayer before meals
before the seamen ate Acts 27:35. In 4:6-10 we have a doctrinal defense against apostasy. 4:6 In pointing out these things to the brethern, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, constantly nourished on the words of the faith and of the sound doctrine which you have been following. pointing out these things PMPtc HUPOTITHEMI - In the middle voice is means to point out something to someone in order to do something for someone, to teach something to someone from the position of authority. Here
it means to teach with authority. Every pastor should study, study, study, so that he can teach with authority. Once a man enters the ministry and has his own congregation his life and most of his time should be devoted to studying the Word of God. of these things This emphasizes the doctrinal content of this epistle. This is the primary function of the pastor-guardian of the local church. He cannot accomplish it without studying. He cannot be a
student of the Word without many years of preparation, his own academic preparation, his own spiritual growth, and everything that goes to make up his self-discipline and consistency of study. This means that his own congregation as members of the royal family of God are insulated from evil and able to advance. First there is a defense perimeter established and then from that there is an attack. But you must be on balance before you take the offensive. Any time an offensive is launched there must be
stability. You must have initiative from a stabilized situation. The same thing is true of every generation: it is the stabilized congregation that finally makes the attack. It takes a lot of doctrine from which to launch the attack. Every great attack in history has been launched from a stabilized perimeter. constantly nourished on the words of the faith PPPtc ENTROPHO nourished. The pastor can never stop being a devoted student of the Word of God. LOGOI PISTIS words or doctrine of faith.
The passive voice: the pastor himself receives spiritual growth from his own study of the Word. He is an exception to the rule. The congregation gets its spiritual growth by listening to the teaching of the Word, he gets his by studying. a good servant of Christ Jesus KALOS DIAKONOI honorable. No pastor can be honorable unless he teaches the Word all the time. By teaching these things to the members of the royal family of God you will be an honorable minister of Christ Jesus, constantly being nourished in the principles from the doctrine.
good doctrine KALOS DIDASKALIA - even from advantageous [or honorable] doctrine. Principles 1. The adjective KALOS means both desirable and advantageous. Doctrine is more desirable than anything in life, and for the royal family of God doctrine is more advantageous than anything in life. 2. Doctrine is advantageous to the believer as the means of the tactical victory of the angelic conflict. The tactical victory comes at the point of greater-grace when God can provide paragraph blessings in time (SG2). 3.
Doctrine is advantageous in glorifying God. 4. Doctrine is advantageous in spiritual growth and fulfilling all the objectives of this life. 5. Doctrine resident in the soul has every positive spiritual advantage as well as protecting the believer from apostasy. 6. This means that doctrine is KALOS, advantageous in protecting the believer from divine discipline, the influence of evil and failure. We are designed for victory, we were never designed for failure.
The only reason that we are failures is because we fail to take in doctrine. Sin is not the issue in the Christian life, it is doctrine versus evil, it is what you think: being influenced by doctrine or influenced by evil. doctrine which you have been following Pf Act Indic PARAKOLOUGEO - means to follow with the mind, to concentrate on, to make something ones own by study and application. Translation: By teaching these things to the brethren, you will be an honourable minister of
Christ Jesus, constantly being nourished in the principles from doctrine, even from advantageous doctrine on which you have concentrated, with the result that you possess it. You cannot teach what you do not know; you cannot communicate what you do not possess; you cannot give what you do not own. The pastor must own doctrine in his soul, it must be his personal possession before he can give it to his congregation. Principles 1. No minister is qualified for the pastorate or guardianship of the local church until he has saturated himself with doctrine. It is a continual process, he never
quits studying. 2. This means the intense function of study and application under the strictest academic discipline. 3. Until the man who has the spiritual gift of pastorteacher is a man of doctrine he is not qualified to function as the pastor-guardian of the local church. 4. Doctrine is the key to the pastors life because doctrine is the key to the function of the royal family. 5. Bible teaching from the pulpit, then, is the only defense against Church Age apostasy and the only hope for our country.
6. Therefore the pastor must constantly exegete, teach, verses by verse in an expository manner. This means there is no substitute for the communication of the Word of God. 7. There is no protection against apostasy apart from the study and application of doctrine. That demands that the pastor take the initiative and be aggressive in communicating Gods Word. The Doctrine of the Importance of Doctrine 1. Definition. The word doctrine itself means teaching. Bible doctrine is the content of Bible communication by teaching and instruction. Doctrine is the communication of Bible subjects based upon exegetical analysis from the original languages, context analysis, classification of subject, and teaching which analyses and interprets
every passage in the Word of God. Doctrine is what the Bible teaches. Grace in the genius of God, doctrine is the manifestation of His genius. 2. 3. Biblical nomenclature. The legacy of believers is Bible doctrine that is, the believers legacy in time. Psalm 138:2. 4. In His dying breath Jesus Christ made doctrine the spiritual legacy of the royal family of God a comparison of Luke 23:46 and Psalm 31:5. Into your hands I deposit my Spirit Father, for you have delivered me, O Jehovah, God of doctrine.
Doctrine was the great motivator of our Lord during the first advent and during His saving ministry on the cross. Bible doctrine preexisted the human race Proverbs 8 records how Bible doctrine was with God in eternity past, before the creation of the universe. 6. The attitude toward doctrine determines whether the believer is blessed or disciplined in time. A continuous positive attitude means to be influenced
by doctrine. A continuous negative attitude means to be influenced by evil. Therefore attitude toward doctrine determines whether the believer is blessed or disciplined in time Proverbs 8:33-36. The real issue is doctrine versus evil. Doctrine is a system of thought; evil is a system of thought. A thought can make or break you. What you think is more important than what you do. If
your thinking is doctrine then you go on to blessing and glory. If your thinking is evil then you go from one stage of discipline to another until you have died the sin unto death. 7. Therefore doctrine is the basis for the distribution of greater-grace blessings Isaiah 53:12. The study and application of doctrine means maximum doctrine in the soul. God is free to give you your own blessing paragraph in time with its
spiritual blessings, its temporal blessings, and its dying blessings. Really the only reason that you are still alive right now is so that God can bless you. We are left here to take in doctrine so that God is free to bless us, so He is free to provide us on the basis of our doctrinal capacity. Isaiah 53:12 Therefore I [God the Father] will allot Him a portion with the great (distribute the plunder of victory SG2, SG3 to Christ at the right hand) because of the many [believers of the royal family], then he [the glorified Christ] will distribute the plunder of victory [SG2 and SG3]
to the great ones [greater-grace believers of this dispensation], because he [Christ] poured out his soul to death [physical] death; prior to this he was identified with the offerings for sins [spiritual death]; And Yet was numbered with the transgressors He Himself bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors and about the offering for sin [basis of saving grace] it caused to fall upon him. 8. Doctrine, then, is the basis for the distribution of surpassing blessing [SG3] for eternity Hebrews 11:9,10
cf.. 11:13; James 1:25 cf. 2:12,13. 9. Principle: Bible doctrine must be more real than empirical knowledge 2 Peter 1:12-21. What the Word of God says must become more real than what you see, taste, touch, smell, hear. If there is a conflict then the Bible is always right. Bible doctrine is the criterion for the royal family as well as the means of blessing. 10. Lack of Bible doctrine destroys a nation Hosea 4:1-6. 11.
Bible doctrine is part of the principle of living grace for phase two. Under living grace God keeps us alive to take in doctrine, to move to the high ground and to receive blessing. 12. The plan of God is both advanced and vindicated through Bible doctrine Isaiah 53;10; Romans 3:4. 13. The pastor or communicator of doctrine establishes the balance of residency in the soul of the believer. The principle of residency is threefold. It includes the indwelling of the body by the Holy Spirit 1 Corinthians
6:19; the indwelling or controlling of the believers soul by the filling of the Spirit, and the indwelling of Bible doctrine. The pastor teaches you the Word of God, you believe it, and it becomes part of your norms and standards. God can bless you, whereby He can provide you everything apart from cosmos diabolicus. So the Holy Spirit has chosen in this dispensation to work through the Word. The vacancy of doctrine in the soul creates a demand for Bible teaching to reach maturity
14. Therefore the importance of the consistency of study and application Hebrews 10:25, 35,36; Colossians 2:6,7. 15. The results of doctrine in the soul are many: a) It produces confidence in time Job 5:24-27; 2 Corinthians 5:6-8; Hebrews 10:35. b) It produces the divine viewpoint of life, it gives the dynamics of soul before anything else Isaiah 55:7-9; 2 Corinthians 10:5. c) It orients the believer to the plan of God Isaiah 26:3-4; Romans 8:28.
d) It produces stability of mind James 1:8 e) It is the basis for divine guidance and the execution of the will of God Romans 12:2-3 f) It leads to occupation with Christ, the capacity and ability to love God Philippians 3:10; Ephesians 3:19; Hebrews 12:2,3. g) It attains and holds super-grace status Philippians 3:12-14. h) It attains surpassing grace blessing in eternity Hebrews 11:9,10,13; James 1:25; 2:12,13.
16. There are many synonyms for doctrine in the soul: a) The language synonym CHAKMAH and EPIGNOSIS. These two words both means the same: maximum doctrine resident in the soul. b) The theological synonym James 4:6, MEIZONE CHARIN greater grace, synonym for maturity. c) The priestly synonym Hebrews 13:10, altar of the soul. d)
The building synonym the edification complex [ECS], Ephesians 4:12,16. e) The time synonym redeeming the time. Toward God Ephesians 5:16-18; toward the unbeliever Colossians 4:5. f) The central control synonym, the dictatorship of the soul Ephesians 6:10. g) Three military synonyms: Putting on the full armor from God Ephesians 6:11-18; following the colors to the high ground Hebrews 12:1,2; establishing a command post of the soul Colossians 2:5-8.
h) The crucifixion synonym Matthew 10:38; Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23; 14:27. Take up your cross is Bible class attendance in spite of evil, in spite of opposition, in spite of disillusion, in spite of distractions. Follow me is the daily study and application of doctrine. i) The chemical synonym: salt of the earth/land Matthew 5:13; Mark 9:50; Luke 14:34; Colossians 4:6. Salt is that doctrine resident in the soul of the greater-grace believer that preserves the nation, the city, the community, the business, the organization. j) The sanctification synonym: Godliness 1 Timothy 6:3,4; 2 Peter 1:3. This is known as the balance of
residency in the soul between the filling of the Spirit and maximum doctrine. This, too, is a synonym for maturity. 4:7 the defense of spiritual growth. but have nothing to do with worldly fables fit only for old women. On the other hand, discipline yourself for the purpose of godliness. have nothing to do PMImpv PARAITEOMAI - means to excuse ones self, to decline, to avoid, to reject, to refuse. Reject is the strongest word and the correct translation here But keep on rejecting. What do you have to reject if you are going to grow up, if youre going to glorify God, if youre going to defend against evil, if you are going to establish a stabilized defense perimeter from which to launch a counter attack against Satan?
You must have spiritual growth, you must have Bible doctrine for that spiritual growth. In verse 6 we saw the Bible doctrine you must have. In verses 7 we now see the results in spiritual growth, and we have a negative approach. If you are going to grow up spiritually you have to refuse something, you have to keep on rejecting something worldly fables. worldly fables BEBHLOI profane, desecrated. It denotes a place which may be entered by anyone, a place where trash can came in.
In other words, it means not an exclusive club for the peasantry can come it. In the Koine Greek the word became technical for Gnostic doctrine, for any false doctrine, for any false system. It came to mean eventually any system of legalism. You must reject as profane any legalism or false doctrine and any type of reversionism. fit only for old women - it is really not an old wives fable at all . GRAUS - old womens fables. And what is an old womans fable? They
called an old woman a GRAUS and it was a sort of an insulting term, and they called anyone who acted like an old woman GRAODHS. A male who is GRAODHS means that he is simply a petty, effeminate type person. It also means silly and absurd. MUTHOI - a story, a legend, a myth. Myth is actually taken from MUTHOI. This refers to any system of false doctrine which brings the believer under the influence of evil. When a believer in reversionism goes into this he has accepted
evil, which is called here myths and tales fit for old women. It refers to the lack of discernment which comes from being under the influence of evil. They are susceptible to any type of false doctrine especially the false doctrine which appeals to the emotion or the approbation lust. Timothy is being bullied by old women of the church who are apostate and reversionistic and under the influence of evil and their sissy husbands. These women have succumbed to very deceitful and sometimes very sweet hypocrisy.
on the other hand, discipline yourself for the purpose of godliness. GUMNAZO PAIndic - word for gymnasium. It actually means exercise. It means to be in a system of exercise that constitutes training for something. Principles about GUMNAZO 1. This verb for exercise is used because it requires great selfdiscipline to be consistent. This verb applies to pastors only. 2. The pastor must consistent in his exegesis and analysis of
the Word of God. This is a part of his spiritual training. 3. The verb GUMNAZO means to exercise naked. The Greeks did not wear clothing. This implies that the pastor-guardian of the local church is naked before God, he has no merit in himself. 4. God in His matchless and perfect grace has provided the means to dig out of the scripture the meaning of any specific passage so that it can be communicated. 5. While the pastor has great authority in the local church he is helpless, therefore the beneficiary of grace. 6.
The pastor must be a drudge, he must be a plodder. He must do so in self-discipline. He must persist in the daily study of the Word of God no matter what. 7. He must not be distracted by tradition calling up all of the sick people in hospital, calling on people, etc. for purpose of godliness PROS EUSEBEIA means face to face with godliness but for the purpose of godliness. Translation: But keep rejecting profane [or reversionistic] myths and tales fit for old women, on the other hand be exercising yourself for the purpose of godliness. Conclusions
from verse 7 1. Nourishment from Bible doctrine in the previous verse emphasizes the analogy to the body absorbing food to be sustained and produce energy. 2. The believer must absorb the spiritual food of doctrine for the sustenance of his spiritual life and spiritual energy. 3. This spiritual energy must be used in spiritual exercise for spiritual growth, spiritual development, spiritual strength. We are here to become strong spiritually, that is an issue in the angelic conflict. 4.
The believer develops the spiritual muscle of greater-grace status through the constant, consistent exercise of study and application. Your daily intake of Bible doctrine is analogous to an exercise program that keeps you physically fit and in good health. 5. While the previous verse emphasizes the defense of Bible teaching, this verse emphasizes the result of Bible teaching in spiritual growth. 6. The command to Timothy applies to all believers. Our defense against apostasy and the influence of evil is the constant learning and application of doctrine.
7. The emphasis of this verse is exercise which demands total self-discipline as well as the understanding of the objective. 8. For the pastor like Timothy he must exercise spiritually by self-discipline, plodding, studying and teaching. 9. For the royal family in the congregation of the local church there must be self-discipline in assembly and concentrating on the teaching of Gods Word. 4:8 the importance of spiritual growth. for bodily discipline is only of little profit, but godliness is profitable for all things, since it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come.
for GAR - reminds us that there is an analogy between the previous verse and this one, and physical exercise is used as the illustration. For example or For you see. bodily discipline is only of little profit SOMATIKOS - means something pertaining to the body, referring to the body. GUMNASIA - means exercise, training, a vigorous system of physical training setting up an analogy. No matter what you do for exercise, categorically there are only three systems.
a) There is the respiratory system [heart/lungs] leg-lungs system of exercise. This is represented by running or by running sports. This is good for the respiratory system. b) Coordination. This is exercise used in sports skill type of stamina. c) The muscle-building type which provides strength, symmetry, definition. All systems require strong motivation and strong selfdiscipline. That is, to be consistent, to be persistent. profit
PAIndic EIMI to be. The person who exercises receives some physical profit or benefit. OHELIMOS - actually means beneficial. PROS OLOGOI - means with reference to a few things. Physical exercise is beneficial with reference to a few items. For example, health, strength, physical beauty, athletic success, coordination, stamina on a job. This passage does not deny the benefits of exercise but limits them. It is limited to beneficial for a short
time you have to do it again. The analogy is to spiritual exercise which has eternal as well as temporal benefits. You learn and apply doctrine each day and this brings wonderful blessings spiritually occupation with Christ, maximum love for God, capacity for life, capacity for blessing, capacity for happiness, share the happiness of God, have a wonderful life in material and temporal blessings. So limited exercise has limited benefits in time, spiritual exercise has benefits day by day and forever and ever. Your
spiritual exercise is more important than anything that you do in life. This will be the basis for blessing and capacity in life and fantastic, indescribable blessing in eternity. for bodily discipline is only of little profit, but godliness is profitable for all things, godliness is spiritual exercise EUSEBEIA. This is spiritual maturity emphasizing balance of residency between the filling of the Spirit and maximum doctrine resident in the soul. EUSEBEIA is the result of a lifetime in the royal family of God under the study and application of doctrine.
profitable Principle: for all things - All things in time and eternity. There is no aspect of life which is not benefited by spiritual exercise. Godliness or greater-grace is more important than health, muscles, strength, stamina, athletic ability. All facets of life, whether adversity of blessing, are benefited from spiritual exercise. For the royal family of God spiritual exercise is more important than physical exercise and obviously more beneficial. since
it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come. There is the spiritual blessing, the temporal blessing, prosperity blessing and the dying blessing in this life (ZOE). There is no area of life where God will not bless the greater-grace believer, and that is spiritual exercise. life to come - PAPtc ZOE MELLO and for the life about to come. Refers to the future, eternity, decorations and rewards for all eternity. Translation: For on the one hand the training of the body [physical exercise] is beneficial with reference to a few things in life: but on the other hand, godliness [spiritual exercise resulting in greater-grace] is beneficial with reference to all things in life, having promise of benefit for the present time,
and for the life which is about to come. Principles 1. Self-discipline in spiritual exercise is infinitely superior to selfdiscipline required for physical exercise. 2. Spiritual exercise is the daily study and application of doctrine to life resulting in growth the spiritual maturity. 4:9 It is a trustworthy statement deserving full acceptance. PISTOS HO LOGOS - title of Pauls favorite hymn. This title occurs five times in the pastoral epistles 1 Timothy 1:15; 3:1; 4:9; Titus 3:8; 2 Timothy 2:11.
This means that quoting a line from a hymn five times in these epistles give the hymn great significance. This portion of the hymn is a part of the Word of God and a part of divine revelation to us today. Each time that Paul quotes from the hymn he quotes from a different part of the hymn. This fragmentation, along with all of the others, emphasizes something different. We can take the five fragments of the hymn and put it together and begin to see that the whole realm of doctrine was sung whenever they sang this hymn. For
example, in 1 Timothy 1:15 where we have the first fragment of this hymn that faithfulness of the Word is related to saving grace, salvation. We have seen from 1 Timothy 3:1 that the faithfulness of doctrine, or the Word, is related to honorable aspiration in becoming a pastor-guardian of the local church. In 1 Timothy 4:9 we see the faithfulness of the Word related to the work of the function of the pastor. deserving full acceptance - KAI PASHI APODOCHI AHCIOS - this is a quotation, a refrain, from the hymn. This same refrain was also found in 1 Timothy 1:15, but not in 3:1.
Translation: Faithful is the word and worthy of unqualified acceptance. This is a reminder to each one of us that there is no spiritual growth apart from doctrine, no spiritual advance in life apart from doctrine resident in the soul. Therefore the only attitude that we can take toward Bible doctrine is unqualified acceptance. The Fragmentation of the Hymn 1. This fragment from the ancient hymn was the refrain sung by the congregation to indicate their positive volition toward Bible teaching, their acceptance of the authority of their pastor-teacher. 2.
This phrase from the hymn represents what every member of the royal family of God must think of Bible teaching. 3. This represents the mental attitude of the believer who is positive to doctrine and applying it. 4. This phrase represents the importance of doctrine in spiritual advance, spiritual growth, and blessing. 5. The next verse emphasizes the results of the consistent function of learning and applying leading to occupation with Christ. 6.
Occupation with Christ is the believers defense against apostasy, evil, and reversionism. Occupation with Christ is a maximum intake of the Word leading to the spiritual advance of maturity, which insulates the believer against evil and reversionism. 4:10 For it is for this we labor and strive, because we have fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially believers. The Grace Provision for Learning Doctrine 1. The formation and the preservation of the Canon. There would be no intake of doctrine, no spiritual growth, no
blessings in time, no rewards in eternity, were for the fact that God has graciously preserved the canon of scripture all of these centuries. This includes the mechanics of inspiration, the faithfulness of God in protecting the written canon against all Satanic attacks. It is preserved in the original languages so that the meaning of any passage is as meaningful today as it was in the day in which is was written and originally taught. So over a period of 2000 years we have exactly the same thing that God the Holy Spirit gave to the human author, the apostle Paul. 2.
The divine authorization of a classroom. The classroom today is called the local church. The local church is a classroom for learning Bible doctrine and therefore is the place of assembly for all members of the royal family in a specific geographical area. There is always more than one local church in any geographical area. The prescribed organization is very simple; pastor, deacons, and congregation. All worship is centered around learning doctrine and
therefore there must be academic discipline. When the royal family assembles to take in the Word of God each member of the royal family is a student without portfolio from the time the teaching begins until the last Amen. The only right of a student without portfolio is to learn and everything must contribute to his learning. The continued existence of local churches where doctrine is taught is a matter of grace in every generation of the Church Age. In spite of the fact that the local church has
often failed in apostate generations and in spite of all of the attacks against it, in spite of the formation of denominations on the one hand and service organizations on the other hand, the local church continues to be the only means of spiritual growth ( I Timothy 3:15). 3. Whenever there are positive people in a geographical area God will anticipate that by preparing, and will at the right time, providing a right pastor-teacher for that geographical area. 4. The royal priesthood of the believer. Any congregation of believers is very special because they are royalty. In this dispensation there exists a universal
and a royal priesthood of believers, and the purpose of this priesthood is for privacy and reception of doctrine Each believer must have doctrine resident in his soul and must grow in grace through the intake of doctrine. Therefore each royal priest must live his life as unto the Lord, to ensure his privacy, to avoid bullying, to give him a chance to learn doctrine. He enters the congregation with others, sits down, maintains his privacy and receives his instructions. There
is no such thing as one on one or person to person teaching or sharing in the local church. 5. The ministry of God the Holy Spirit. The aristocracy of the believers priesthood is related to the ministry of the Holy Spirit from the time of salvation. 6. The provision of the human spirit. The unbeliever is dichotomous, having only a body and soul. When a person is born again and becomes a believer he becomes trichotomous body, soul, and spirit. The human spirit is added as a means whereby doctrine is taken from the left lobe of the soul and transferred to the
right lobe where it is usable. Romans 8:16 is the mechanics of transferring that doctrine. 7. The laws of divine establishment. Under the laws of establishment the nation protects the freedom and privacy of the local church. This is the importance of the principle of freedom through military victory and the importance of true law enforcement in a national entity. The system of authority that exists through the laws of divine establishment is the basis for the orderly function within the local church. Establishment demands respect
for authority of all kinds. The believer who rejects the authority of the police officer will reject the authority of the pastor-teacher. The believer who rejects the authority of the school teacher or the coach or the boss will reject the authority of the pastor-teacher. Therefore the very function of the laws of establishment promote the principle of respect for authority which is necessary to focus attention on the biblical communication of the pastor-teacher. 8.
Human anatomy. All functions of anatomy are grace as they relate to the intake of thought, whether it is oxygen in the blood or sugar derivatives which go to the neurons in the brain. These are grace systems of assimilation. For it is for this we labor and strive PAIndic KOPIAO to become weary, tired, work hard. The most exhausting work in the world is mental labor. It means to become mentally fatigued from extensive study, extensive concentration. Pauls intense study of doctrine and continuous study into the present time is noted. And
if you study and teach this way it is obvious that people are not going to like it or understand it. strive - PMIndic AGONIZOMAI - means to compete in athletics, it means to fight, to contend in a stadium. Actually it means combat. So the point here is that every pastor who is faithful in his studying and teaching has entered into the combat of the angelic conflict. It indicates that every pastor who does his job right is in the center of the angelic conflict in his generation. Translation so far: For because of this benefit from spiritual exercise and resultant greater-grace status,
we work hard to the point of exhaustion, and we keep on contending [and idiom which means actually to hang in there tough]. because we have fixed our hope on the living God - the reason for the pastor-guardian working hard to the point of exhaustion and hanging in there tough. we have fixed our hope PF Aindic ELPIZO - means to hope or have absolute confidence. Confidence has been completed at the point at which the believer reaches greater-grace. Once he reaches spiritual maturity he continues to possess
confidence as long as he continues to have maximum doctrine resident in the soul. The active voice: Paul is producing the action, and Paul refers to himself and all future pastor-teachers who mature. in the living God EPI THEOS plus the PAPtc of ZAO- living God. In other words, the true motivator for the pastor-teacher, and eventually the true motivator for his congregation, has to be occupation with the person of Jesus Christ. Occupation with Christ actually comes
through maximum Bible doctrine in the soul. The Doctrine of Occupation with Christ 1. Definition and description. Occupation with Christ is the highest spiritual function of the royal family in time. It is love for God (category #1 love) carried on by the mature believer. Maximum doctrine in the soul causes the believer to have maximum love toward God. The
representative and the manifest person of the Godhead is Jesus Christ and therefore occupation with Christ is a synonym for maximum category #1 love. Deut. 6:5, Hebrews 12:1,2. 2. Occupation with Christ begins at the point where the believer enters greater-grace. When a believer spiritually matures then he enters into maximum Occupation with Christ as part of his blessing in time. Colossians 3:16,17. Everything he sees, hears or observes is compared to the thinking of Christ and evaluated as being divine or human viewpoint. Human
viewpoint is rejected, philosophies of man are rejected, man-centered solutions are rejected. 3. Occupation with Christ also glorifies Christ Ephesians 3:19-21. You cant love Christ unless you know Christ. True love demands that you know the object of your love. 4. The means of occupation with Christ is the consistent study and application of grace doctrine to your life. The basis characteristics of greater-grace begin with the principle of occupation with Christ or maximum category #1 love. Jeremiah 9:23,24; Ephesians 4:20; 3:18,19.
5. Occupation with Christ eliminates the superficialities of human celebrityship Philippians 3:7,8. 6. Occupation with Christ also motivates the pastorteacher to communicate doctrine so that the royal priesthood reaches its objective Hebrews 6:10. 7. Believing the Word and applying it to maturity produce occupation with Christ James 1:19,21; 2:20-23. 8. The illustration of occupation with Christ is found in the doctrine of right man, right woman Ephesians 5:25-33.
9. Occupation with Christ is related to the strategic victory of the angelic conflict Colossians 3:1,2. 10. Characteristics of occupation with Christ include: a) Occupation with Christ is the basis for the greater-grace believer contributing to national blessing Deuteronomy 30:15,16,10. b) Occupation with Christ produces combat courage and victory in battle Joshua 23:10,11. c) Occupation with Christ is the basis for preservation in time of testing Psalm 31:23,24.
d) Occupation with Christ is the basis for stability and great happiness Psalm 16:8,9. e) Occupation with Christ results in greater-grace blessings Psalm 37:4,5. f) Occupation with Christ is the basis for strength under pressure Hebrews 11:27. g) Occupation with Christ avoids mental and spiritual fatigue Hebrews 12:3. who
is Savior - refers to the Lord Jesus Christ in whom we have our confidence as members of the royal family of God. is EIMI PAIndic is and keeps on being, always existed. Savior of all men SOTER - refers to everything that Jesus Christ did on the cross; of all men means that Jesus Christ, when He was on the cross, was judged for all members of the human race. This particular phraseology actually deals with one aspect of salvation known as the atonement. He is the savior of all men. The Doctrine of the Atonement 1. Definition. a) Atonement refers to the efficacious work of Christ on
the cross on behalf of mankind. b) Atonement as a noun means reconciliation after enmity or controversy. c) A second definition means satisfaction or reparation made for a wrong or injury. d) The actual verb to atone has various related meanings, such as to be at one, to be in accordance with, to make amends or to make reparation, to make up for errors or deficiency, to reconcile or bring into fellowship. In the Old Testament we have a verb, KAPHAR, which means to cover.
It was actually used in the sense of the day of atonement when the high priest would carry the blood of an animal sacrifice into the holy of holies and sprinkle it onto the mercy seat so that the blood was now covering that golden throne. Then righteousness looked down and was satisfied, justice looked down and was satisfied, and this was also called KAPHAR or atonement. So the Hebrew foreshadowed the work of the Lord Jesus Christ in providing for eternal life. So in the Old Testament God forgave and restored where sins were covered by the blood of animal sacrifices. The
true basis for atonement was not found in these animal sacrifices, they merely portrayed by training aids the ministry of Christ on the cross. The animal sacrifices were actually used as a cover for sin until God the Father could be propitiated by the work of God the Son on the cross. So atonement in the Old Testament refers to animal sacrifices the Levitical code. The atonement in the New Testament refers to the actual saving work of Jesus Christ on the cross. The
two concepts are actually brought together in one passage in Romans 3:23-26. Ultimately atonement must be defined as the efficacious saving work of Jesus Christ on the cross. 2. The atonement is said to be unlimited. Unlimited atonement means that when Christ was judged on the cross He died for all. it is only beneficial to the one who appropriates. Appropriation only comes through personal faith in Jesus Christ. 2 Corinthians 5:14 that he died for all. He didnt die just for the believer, He died for the entire human race. 1 Timothy 2:6 ransom on behalf of all;
1 Timothy 4:10 who is the savior of all men. Titus 2:11 bringing salvation to all men. Hebrews 2:9 should taste death on behalf of the entire world. So atonement extends to every person in the human race. 1 John 2:2 and not for ours only but also for the sins of the entire world. 3. Unlimited atonement eliminates sin in the unbelievers indictment at the last judgment.
(GWT Rev 20:11-15) When Christ died on the cross He was judged for the sins of the entire human race. At the cross human good was rejected, not judged along with sins. Sins have been judged on the cross, human good was not judged. Human good will be part of every unbelievers indictment at the last judgment. Since sins have been judged they cannot be judged again. Revelation 20:12-15. 4. The unbeliever is indicted at the last judgment
because he did not believe in Christ while on earth. specially of those that believe. MALISTA most of all, especially. In other words, only believers benefit. Christ died for all, the beneficiaries are those who appropriate. PISTOI believers. Each one receives the 44 things God provides at salvation. Translation: For because of this benefit from spiritual exercise, we work hard [to the point of exhaustion], we hang in there tough, because we have confidence in the living God [Jesus Christ],
who is the Savior of all men, especially of believers. Principles 1. While Jesus Christ is the potential savior of the entire human race, He is the real savior of those who believe. 2. The pastors work to the point of exhaustion with constant and consistent plodding, studying and teaching, is emphasized because salvation means a royal family. A royal family means the necessity for spiritual growth; spiritual growth comes from Bible teaching. 3. As a result of this process of communicating doctrine in the local church classroom the believer royal priest becomes mature in status quo occupation with Christ.
4. This is category #1 love or occupation with the person of Christ which provides greater grace blessings. O/C protects the royal family from apostasy, evil, reversionism, bleeding-heart do-gooders, religious cranks, legalistic Pharisees, liberalism, etc. 5. Protection from apostasy and blessing from God are two sides of the same greater-grace coin. God keeps us in this life after salvation to bless us. This blessing comes when we reach the greater-grace status. 6.
This verse anticipates the next paragraph in which the pastor-guardian of the local church, through his teaching ministry, counterattacks apostasy. 7. In the angelic conflict defense is not enough, there must be the offensive. Good defense means stability to launch the offensive. 8. To win a victory the royal family of God in each generation and attack, attack, attack. Attack is only possible when the pastor-guardian communicates, when the congregation responds with positive volition, and they mature. Mature
believers love God and their O/C means they have avoided the apostasy of the world system and culture of their day. Believers who are mature an love God are characterized by: 1. Love for the Word and respect for the communicator. 1 Peter 1:8; Ephesians 3:18,19. Hebrews 6:10 tells us that this is a pastoral function, i.e. the communication of doctrine by which to grow up. 2 Timothy 1:13,14. 2. Living by grace, understanding grace. Psalm 119:132; 31:23. 3.
Receive greater grace blessings. 1 Corinthians 2:9; Psalm 37:4,5. 4. Receive personal and national blessings. Deut 30:15. 5. Having combat courage and military victory. Joshua 23:10,11. 6. Loving God provides them strength in adversity and pressure Hebrews 11:27;12:3. 7. If a believers fails to mature they are cursed until the Rapture. 1 Corinthians 16:22 (Cursed until the Lord comes, i.e. cursed until the Rapture).
This dramatizes divine discipline for those believers who are inclined to neglect Bible doctrine. 8. Witnessing 2 Corinthians 5:14. 9. Loving God from maturity is found in 1 John 4:15-19. Perfect love is maximum category #1 love. The new paragraph is the pastor-guardian counterattack 1 Tim 4:11 - the modus operandi of the pastor since the pastor is the key in the counter offensive. The
counter offensive has to do with the communication of doctrine, the responsibility of the pastor-teacher. Prescribe and teach these things HOUTOI emphasizes the doctrinal teaching of the pastorguardian of the local church. prescribe PAImpv PARANGELLO - means to give orders, to command, to instruct. so translated, command. No pastor can give orders unless he is thoroughly prepared to do so. Giving a proper command always requires knowledge, understanding, in relationship to the
specific profession. The pastor-teacher cannot fulfill this verse of giving commands unless he is prepared by diligent study of the Word of God. and teach DIDASKO PAImpv - means one person is the teacher and everyone else is a student without portfolio; and that the opinions of students is not important. DIDASKO means one man communicating to a group under strict academic discipline. It does not means a time of sharing or people
expressing their opinions or dialogue. Translation: Command and communicate these things. 4:12 Authority and leadership of the Pastor - Let no one look down on your youthfulness, but rather in speech, conduct, love, faith and purity, show yourself an example of those who believe. no one look down on your youthfulness MEDEIS no person. KATAPHRONEO PAImpv To think down means to despise, to scorn, to treat with contempt, to care nothing about someones authority, to disregard authority. In
other words, everyone despises Timothys authority so he needs to take command of the church. The potential is for Critics to bully a young pastor, Legalists to bully a young pastor, and Women to bully a young pastor. The congregation should not treat the pastor with contempt because he is young, or disregarding his authority because he is young youthfulness NEOTHI - Timothy is still very young. Older people have a tendency to reject the authority of those who are younger. So a better translation : Stop permitting
anyone to reject your authority because you are young. but keep on becoming. GINOMAI PMImpv to become. an example TUPOI type, pattern, model or example. of those who believe - should be to the believers PISTOI. in speech EN LOGOS in doctrine. The pastor must be an example in doctrine, thought. The pastor-guardian should lead the spiritual advance of the congregation.
When a pastor becomes your counselor then he is leading your life for you. This is wrong. in conduct EN ANASTROPHE - means way of life. Here it means grace way of life. in love EN AGAPE - means in relaxed mental attitude. It means in the filling of the Spirit. The Holy Spirit produces this AGAPE. Romans 5:5. in faith EN PISTIS - by means of doctrine. and
purity EN AGNEIA - for purity of mind. In the translation of the Septuagint it denotes cultic or ceremonial purity. It only occurs twice in the New Testament, here in verse 12 and once in 5:2, and both times it refers to purity of mind or occupation with doctrine leading to occupation with Christ. AGNEIA as purity of the mind is in contrast to a common word for purity, KATHAROI which is used for purity of life or moral purity. KATHAROI can apply to a believer or an unbeliever but AGNEIA is a specific category of believers only. Translation: Let no one look down on your youth; but keep on becoming a pattern to the believers in Bible doctrine, in the grace
way of life, in love [filling of the Spirit], by means of doctrine resident in the soul, in the sphere of purity of mind. What does this mean? 1. Purity of mind through Bible doctrine resident in the soul means that doctrine must be the motivator of the pastor just as doctrine must be the motivator of anyone in the royal family. 2. Through purity of mind the pastor establishes his authority in the local church without abusing his authority [without bullying]. 3. Abuses that a pastor could fall into include blind arrogance, approbation lust, ambition. 4.
Most pastors today want to start at the top publishing of books, tape ministry, etc. These people lead with their ambition, they lust for approbation in the field of the ministry, and it destroys them. 5. No pastor can properly exercise authority over his congregation without doctrine in his own soul producing purity of motivation. This completely neutralizes pride, ambition, jealousy, vindictiveness, implacability, pettiness, and academic dishonesty. 4:13
Until I come, give attention to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching. I come ERCHOMAI PAIndic to come, arrive. Paul intends to come to Ephesus after his fourth missionary journey but he has not come as yet. Paul never made it. give attention to the public reading of Scripture PROSECHO PAImpv - means to turn ones mind on a subject, to pay close attention to it, to devote ones self to a subject. It therefore comes to mean concentration be concentrating on. Timothy and all pastors of the Church Age are to concentrate on the Word of God.
to public reading ANAGEOSIS from GINOSKO plus ANA means to read over and over again and means actually to exegete, to analyze, to break down a passage point by point, word by word, and actually put it all together. Therefore it should be translated so far: Until I come be concentrating on the exegesis. Principles 1. Exegesis is the interpretation of the Bible on the basis of grammatical, syntactical, and etymological analysis of each context. Exegesis can only be accomplished when a student knows the original languages. Whenever you analyze
an English text you are analyzing a translation. 2. The result of exegesis is expository teaching of the Word of God. 3. Every pastor must be a master, then, of the original languages or must be dependent on someone who is. 4. The Bible cannot be interpreted from a translation (KJV, NKJV, NIV, NASB, etc.) The translation may be wrong, therefore the interpretation will also be wrong. 5. In other words, no interpretation can be any better than the translation from which it is taken.
6. To know what the Bible is really teaching one must therefore be a master of biblical Hebrew and Koine Greek, as well as a student of the ancient world. 7. The foundation for preaching an teaching doctrine is correct and accurate exegesis of the original languages of scripture. 8. To become a master of these languages and a good student of the Word of God takes many years of diligent study. It is a life of concentration, not an occasional concentration. 9. The pastor must have time. This is provided through the congregation giving as unto the Lord and the remuneration
which results. This is in keeping with the command of the Word of God that a pastors time should be free so that he can concentrate on the teaching of the Word of God. to exhortation PARAKALESIS - which means comfort, encouragement which comes from doctrine which has been transferred into the soul. Doctrine is never an encouragement or comfort or blessing until it belongs personally through hearing, believing, applying it. to teaching DIDASKALIA - teaching, instruction,
or doctrine. Translation: Until I come be concentrating on the exegesis, the encouragement-comfort, the teaching of doctrine. Principles 1. All of these things are tied into the basic and fundamental concept of the pastoral modus operandi study and teach, study and teach. 2. Exposition or public analysis of the scripture, comfortencouragement and doctrine make it possible for the royal family to mature spiritually so that they can glorify God in their royal priesthood. 3. Note what is omitted from this verse. There are seven very important things omitted:
a) There is no reference to programism. Church programs are never, never, in order. A program is a system to take a weak pastor and try to give him a backbone. b) There is no reference to raising money. It is not the job of the pastor-teacher to run around begging for money. c) There is no reference to friendliness gimmicks or operation lonely-hearts. d) There is no reference to psychology and counseling. e) There is no reference to establishing a social structure in the church. f) There is no reference to choirs and big music programs. g) There is no reference to plurality of elders, rotating the pulpit between arrogant, egotistical, power lust laymen. 4. The Bible was designed to be understood. The Bible is a revelation from God.
5. There are three systems of perception: a) Rationalism which is a meritorious system of perception. Reason is the source of knowledge superior to and independent of the sensory system. Reason becomes the norm or criterion for reality under rationalism. Rationalism, then, is the adherence to the supremacy of reason in matters of belief and content. The subjection of Bible doctrine and scriptural interpretation to the test of human reason rejects the principle of dogmatic authority just as grace rejects legalism and legalism rejects grace. b) Empiricism, learning by observation and experimentation.
The reality of this system of perception lies in the function of the senses, relating their observation to the lobes of the brain. Key words are: experience, observation, and experimentation providing the basis for reality and perception. c) Faith, learning by accepting the authority or the criterion or both. Reality of the unseen. Faith is a system of thinking but it is a nonmeritorious system of thinking. Faith
is the means by which we learn anything from 70 to 95 per cent of everything we ever learn. Faith is building knowledge on the basis of an absolute authority or an axiom, whether it is God exists or one plus one equals two The validity of faith depends upon the criterion or the object of faith. In salvation the object is Jesus Christ the only saviour. In spiritual application the object is the content of the scripture, specifically Bible doctrine, promises, principles, the absolute criterion of the Word of God.
6. There is a distinction between human and spiritual IQ. Human IQ is not a factor in learning Bible doctrine. Resident doctrine in the soul is called in the Hebrew, CHAKMAH, and in the Greek, EPIGNOSIS. These two words indicate the principle of nonmeritorious perception. Spiritual IQ, then, is the amount of Bible doctrine resident in the soul, the amount of CHAKMAH, the amount of EPIGNOSIS. For this reason at the point of salvation every believer receives not only the ministry of God the Holy Spirit but a human spirit corresponds
so that he can assimilate all the doctrines of the Word of God 1 Corinthians 1:19-2:16. 7. The grace provision for learning doctrine: a. Completed Canon of Scripture b Local Church c. Pastor-Teacher d. Privacy of the believers priesthood e. Holy Spirit f. Human spirit g. Laws of Divine Establishment to provide freedom to study Word of God and evangelize. Military and Law Enforcement responsible to protect citizens freedoms. h. Grace applied to our lives. 8. James 1:19-25 - We are to be doers of the
Word not just hearers. We reach greater grace maturity by applying the Word. James 4:6 9. Ephesians 5:16-18; Colossians 4:5 We redeem the time God has given us by applying doctrine everyday. 10. There are many military synonyms for reaching maturity. Putting on the full armor from God Ephesians 6:11-18; following the colors to the high ground Hebrews 12:1,2; establishing a command post in the soul Colossians 2:5-8. Other synonyms for reaching maturity are: Take up your cross and follow me, it refers to listening to doctrine and applying it, ignoring distractions. Matthew 10:38; Mark 8:34; Luke
9:23; 14:27. A chemical synonym is salt. The salt of the land is the believer with maximum doctrine in his soul. In the ancient world salt was a means of preservation. Salt as a preservative means that a number of believers with maximum doctrine in their souls, are the basis of preserving a national entity. 11. Another result of reaching maturity is maximum influence in history through Christian service. He produces divine good and is genuine, not a phony. The greater-grace believer has a maximum
impact on thinking in his own generation. Mature believers are the basis for preserving blessing of everything with which they are associated (family, career, business, politics, organizations, education, arts, etc.) 4:14 -Do not neglect the spiritual gift within you. Which was bestowed on you through prophetic utterance with the laying on of hands by the presbytery. neglect PAImpv AMELEO - to care, to be concerned. Stop neglecting. Timothy
had failed to do in the past, a failure which was continued into the present time, and a failure about which he is warned. Timothy should stop neglecting his own spiritual gift of pastor-teacher. the spiritual gift within you CHARISMA refers to spiritual gifts in the royal family of God and not to talent in the human race. It means literally, freely and graciously given, a favor bestowed, spiritual gifts. It refers here to the gift of pastor-teacher which is the
highest extant gift in the Church today. which was bestowed on you APIndic DIDOMI - refers to the spiritual gift of pastor-teacher and it indicates that it was not earned or deserved nor worked for, and that there is no such thing as a standardized type of pastor. The spiritual gift is a matter of grace like every other blessing in the Christian way of life. through prophetic utterance - DIA PROPHTEIA because of prophecy. The principle goes back to 1 Timothy 1:18 where we have the same word. We have to go on the principle
that there it meant doctrine taught to Timothy while a student. Therefore it has the same meaning here under the hermeneutical principle that the meaning of a word in context is determined by its first usage. Means for the sake of prophecy. This is actually the academic study that Timothy had under the apostle Paul. He has previously learned eschatology under Paul. with the laying on of hands a part of the ordination ceremony. META EPIESIS - means associated with the laying on of hands.
This is actually the ceremonial part, the climactic point of the entire ceremony where the pastors present who have been involved in the interrogation and the representation of the church through its board of deacons place their hands upon the individuals head, and he prayed for an recognized by the ceremony. Laying on of hands is like baptism, it is an identification principle. It represents the principle of identification with like kind. Pastors lay their hands on the ordained person to indicate that they recognize him as a fellow member in the ministry. Deacons
lay their hands on the ordained person to indicate they recognize the work of God in bringing this person from their own local church to the point of being ready for the ministry. In effect this ordination says: We the members of the local church recognize that this individual is qualified to function as a pastor-teacher. of the presbytery PRESBUTERON - a council of pastor-teachers. The council must be made up of those who are recognized as pastors there must be at least two, this is in the plural. It is a sort of a welcome-to-the-club type of thing. by a council of elders.
Neither the modern use of the word Presbyterian nor any denomination has anything in the world to do with this passage or with the Bible. The local church was designed to be autonomous and independent, never to be under any kind of a hierarchy, and never to lean on anyone else. Translation: Stop neglecting the spiritual gift resident in you, which was given you for the sake of prophecies associated with the laying on of hands by the assembly of elders. 4:15 the pastor is supposed to make progress. This progress is in the field of study and teach. Take pains with these
things; be absorbed in them, so that your progress will be evident to all. Take pains with these things PAImpv MELETAO - means to care for, to bestow careful thought on, to take care, to think about, to cultivate, meditate. be cultivating By receiving remuneration from a local church his time is properly devoted to cultivating. He exegetes the passage, he studies it, he teaches. As a result of teaching doctrine his congregation grow in grace. In this way Timothy will stop neglecting his own spiritual gift when he starts cultivating. Cultivating
means breaking ground. He has to study the passage and break the ground. It means planting. He has to be able to find the classified doctrines in other areas that help to illuminate the passage. He has to get the exact meaning of the passage, the exact purpose of the passage, and how it relates to everything else in the context. be absorbed in them - a pastors life must be occupied with these things. PAImpv EIMI - Idiom meaning keep on being occupied with these things. that your progress will be evident to all HINA
purpose. PROKOPE - means progress, furtherance. evident PASubj EIMI PHAHEROI in order that your progress may be evident (apparent) to all. The result of studying should be teaching, teaching, doctrine so that believers can grow. Translation: Be cultivating these things; keep on being occupied with these things; in order that your progress may be evident to all your congregation. 4:16 Pay close attention - PAImpv EPECHO Keep on paying close attention to. In other words, Timothy is warned that if he doesnt discipline himself God will do it for him.
to yourself and to your teaching; persevere in these things, for as you do this you will ensure salvation both for yourself and for those who hear you. It is of interest to Timothy and all pastors to discipline themselves so that God doesnt have to do it. and to your teaching DIDASKALIA - in addition to self there is the importance of being occupied with doctrine. persevere in these things PAImpv EPIMENO persist. Here is where the pastor must be a plodder.
for as you do this you will ensure salvation GAR it means we are entitled to an explanation as to why a pastors job is not to run around and call on people, to raise money, to handle all the administration himself, but his responsibility is to study and teach. for this. as you do this PAPtc POIEO keep doing you will ensure salvation FAIndic SOZO deliverance. It means that the members of the congregation are going to be delivered from disaster, legalism, apostasy, reversionism, and evil influence. both
for yourself and those who hear you. the congregation. PAPtc. AKOUO. Translation: Keep on paying close attention to yourself, and to that doctrine; persist in these same things: for by doing these same things you will be delivering both yourself and the ones [in your congregation] who consistently hear you. END Chapter 4