Hand Hygiene Measurement on the 5 Moment Education for Observers
Hand Hygiene Measurement on the 5 Moment Education for Observers 03/03/20 1 Healing Hands Start With YOU You have been chosen to observe hand hygiene compliance as part of our patient safety program. The following module contains the information you need to correctly collect data so we can provide preeminent quality to our patients! 03/03/20 2
Why is hand hygiene important and why do we measure the compliance? Why is it important? Thousands of people die every year around the world from infections acquired while receiving healthcare Hands are the main pathways of germ transmission during health care Therefore hand hygiene is the most important measure to avoid the transmission of harmful germs and prevent health care-associated infections 03/03/20 Why do we measure hand hygiene? It is essential that we have accurate data on our performance so we can plan
improvement. We learn where there are barriers to access or educational needs. It is required for regulatory purposes 3 Is Hand Hygiene Effective? Nurses glove while caring for an isolation patient After washing with soap and water 03/03/20 Hand of an employee while in common
work area After using Alcohol Based Hand Rub 4 Who should perform hand hygiene? Any healthcare worker, caregiver or person involved in direct or indirect patient care needs to be concerned about hand hygiene and should be able to perform it correctly and at the right time 03/03/20 5 How to perform hand hygiene with alcohol rub:
Critical components for effective hand hygiene with alcohol: 1. Dispense an adequate amount of product to cover all surfaces of your hands. 2. Rub product on all surfaces of hands paying special attention to your nails 3. Rub until dry 03/03/20 6
How to hand wash with soap and water: Critical components for effective hand washing: 1. Wet hands 2. Apply adequate soap 3. Scrub all surfaces 4. Scrub for a minimum of 15 seconds 5. Dry hands thoroughly 6. Turn off faucet with paper towel to prevent recontamination 03/03/20 7
Please watch the video below http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMvcm0903599 03/03/20 8 Why do I need to understand the moments for hand hygiene to perform observations? In order to collect data, it is essential you know when a healthcare worker should perform hand hygiene because we are going to measure: # of times hand hygiene was completed # of opportunities for hand hygiene As an observer it is important to remember you should be observing all opportunities for hand hygiene not just when hand hygiene is performed.
03/03/20 9 When to perform hand hygiene? The 5 moments for hand hygiene: 03/03/20 The dotted line above represents the patient zone. The patient zone includes the patient and the surfaces and equipment that is temporarily dedicated to that patient. The patient zone includes half of a semi private room dedicated to that patient, all of a private room and the immediate surroundings of a patient in an open unit (PACU or 10
ED) Upon entering the patient room/space, before touching the patient or the environment WHY? To protect the patient against colonization and, in some cases, against exogenous infection, by harmful germs carried on your hands. WHEN? Clean your hands before touching a patient when approaching him/her. Situation when Moment 1 applies: Before shaking hands, before stroking a childs forehead. Before assisting a patient in personal care activities: to move, to take a bath, to eat, to get dressed, etc. Before delivering care and other non-invasive
treatment: applying oxygen mask, giving message Before performing a physical non-invasive examination: taking pulse, blood pressure, chest auscultation, recording ECG. 03/03/20 11 Before clean / aseptic procedure WHY? To protect the patient against infection with harmful germs, including his/her own germs, entering his/her body. WHEN? Clean your hands immediately before accessing a critical site with infectious risk for the patient (e.g. a mucous membrane, nonintact skin, an invasive medical device) Situations when Moment 2 applies: Before brushing the patients teeth, instilling eye drops, performing a digital vaginal or rectal examination, examining mouth, nose, ear
with or without an instrument, inserting a suppository, suctioning mucous Before dressing a wound with or without instrument, applying ointment on vesicle, making a percutaneous injection/puncture. Before inserting an invasive medical device (nasal cannula, nasogastric tube, endotracheal tube, urinary probe, percutaneous catheter, drainage), disrupting / opening any circuit of an invasive medical device (for food, medication, draining, suctioning, and monitoring purposes). Before preparing food, medications, pharmaceutical products, sterile material 03/03/20 12 After body fluid exposure risk WHY? To protect you from colonization or infection with patients harmful germs and to protect the health-care environment
from germ spread. WHEN? Clean your hands as soon as the task involving an exposure risk to body fluids has ended (and after glove removal) Situations when Moment 3 applies: When the contact with a mucous membrane and with nonintact skin ends After a percutaneous injection or puncture; after inserting an invasive medical device (vascular access, catheter, tube, drain, etc.); after disrupting and opening an invasive circuit After removing an invasive medical device After removing any form of material offering protection (napkin, dressing, gauze, sanitary towel, etc.) After handling a sample containing organic matter, after cleaning excreta and any other body fluid, after cleaning and contaminated surface and soiled material (soiled bed linen,
dentures, instruments, urinal, bedpan, etc.) 03/03/20 13 After touching a patient WHY? To protect you from colonization or infection with patients harmful germs and to protect the health-care environment from germ spread. WHEN? Clean your hands when leaving the patients side, after having touched the patient. Situations when Moments 4 applies, if they correspond to the last contact with the patient before leaving him/her: After shaking hands, stroking a childs forehead. After you have assisted the patient in personal care activities: to move, to bath, to eat, to dress etc. After delivering care and other non-invasive treatment: changing bed linen as the patient is in, applying oxygen
mask, giving a massage. After performing a physical non-invasive examination: taking a pulse, blood pressure, chest auscultation, recording an ECG. 03/03/20 14 After touching patient surroundings WHY? To protect you from colonization with patient germs that may be present on surfaces/objects in patient surroundings and to protect the health-care environment against germ spread. WHEN? Clean your hands after touching any object or furniture when leaving the patient surrounds without having touched the patient* Situations when Moments 5 applies, if they correspond to the last contact with the patient
surroundings, without having touched the patient. When leaving the patient zone and after an activity involving physical contact with the patents immediate environment: changing bed line with the patient out of the bed, holding a bed rail, clearing a bedside table When leaving the patient zone and after a care activity: clearing a monitoring alarm When leaving the patient zone and after other contacts with surfaces or inanimate objects 03/03/20 15 Hand Hygiene should always occur before and after glove use The indications for hand hygiene are independent of those that justify the use of gloves
(whether sterile or nonsterile). Glove use neither alters nor replaces the performance of hand hygiene. If an indication occurs while the health-care worker is wearing gloves they must be removed to allow hand hygiene performance and, if necessary, changed. 03/03/20 16 In addition to knowing the times when you should perform hand hygiene there are other essential components to accurate measurement. You should stay anonymous!
In order to collect accurate data, you should do everything you can to avoid identifying yourself as a data collector. Do not collect data on random moments! There are times when HCW will perform hand hygiene that is not in the patient zone (like after using the restroom). While these may be good reasons to perform hand hygiene you should collect data that occurs within the patient zone. Do not double count! At times one hand hygiene episode may count for more than one moment (such as you see somebody perform hand hygiene when leaving a patient room and they are still rubbing upon entry to the next room). This episode is addressing 2 moments but should not be double counted. You should only count the exit as a yes and would not count the entry . 03/03/20 17
Now that you know when and how to perform hand hygiene lets review how to complete the forms 03/03/20 18 Lets first cover how to complete form Circle the discipline you are observing. The form you are using has been developed specifically for your hospital so the titles may vary from this sample
You may mark horizontally across the page if the same healthcare workers is observed during multiple moments during the same interaction. However, because there were 2 times she should have performed hand hygiene before touching the patient you need to move to a second line Comments can be added to assist with additional detail Fill in the date, unit shift and your name 03/03/20 19
Hand Hygiene Scenario Form should be completed like this: A housekeeper enter a patient room. She does not perform hand hygiene. 03/03/20 20 Hand Hygiene Scenario Form should be completed like this: Nurse enters the room and places the items she will need for an injection on the over the bed table (her last contact with the environment was outside the
patient zone) She performs hand hygiene using alcohol hand rub (indication: before touching patient) She moves the patients arm out from under the sheet (first patient contact) She moves the over the bed table (contact with patient surroundings) She performs hand hygiene by using an alcohol hand rub (indication: prior to aseptic task) She administers the injection (aseptic task) 03/03/20 21 Hand Hygiene Scenario
Form should be completed like this: The nurse is drawing a blood sample (risk for blood exposure) When she finishes , she removes the tourniquets, puts on a band aid (continued risk for blood exposure) She removes her gloves and disposes of them in the regular trash (continued risk for blood exposure) She does not perform hand hygiene (indication: after body fluid exposure) She moves directly to taking the patients pulse without performing
hand hygiene 03/03/20 22 Hand Hygiene Scenario The nurse takes the patients blood pressure She leaves the patient and goes outside the room to chart She performs hand hygiene before she types on the computer (indication: after touching patient)
03/03/20 23 Hand Hygiene Scenario A nursing assistant enters the room. No hand hygiene was performed (indication: before touching the patient or their environment) She tidies the patient bedside table and then places linen in the hamper. She performs hand hygiene (indication: after touching the patients environments) She leaves the room
03/03/20 24 Hand Hygiene Scenario The physician enters the room and goes toward the patient While entering, she performs hand hygiene with an alcohol rub
(indication: before touching the patient) She shakes the patients hand and examines his knee Her phone rings and she excuses herself and leaves the room to answer the phone in the corridor (Hand hygiene missed: after patient contact) The doctor comes back through the open door (hand hygiene missed: before touching patient) She carries on with the physical examination 03/03/20 25
Once completed return the form to Infection Prevention The fax number will be listed on the bottom of the form. Please return to Infection Prevention as soon as complete so data analysis can begin. 03/03/20 26 Thank you for making our patients and employees safer by assisting with hand hygiene data collection. Please contact your Infection Prevention Department if you have any questions about the hand hygiene data collection. 03/03/20
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