GMAT Sentence Correction Section 1 - Quia

GMAT Sentence Correction Section 1 - Quia

Centre de Ressources Linguistiques GMAT Sentence Correction Section (1) Written Communication Fundamentals Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Written Communication

Words Self-explanatory Smaller parts possible (phonemes, morphemes, etc.) Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Written Communication Phrases

Group of words with similar meaning Noun phrase Verb (participial) phrase Prepositional phrase Adjective phrase Adverb phrase Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success

Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Written Communication Clauses Groups of phrases of similar or different types Independent clause => main Dependent clause => subordinate Relative clause => in direct relation to another Participial clause => involving a type of verb (gerund, infinitive, etc.) If clause => conditional using if or a similar form Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success

Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Written Communication Sentences Always one whole thought. Avoid splicing two whole thoughts. EXTREMELY Word order is crucial: S V OIMPORTANT!!! Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques

Written Communication Paragraphs At least 2 sentences in English Oftenone topic / subject sentence + several backing / support sentences Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Modifiers A word or group of words that limits

or describes another word or words. Adjectives & adverbs / adverbials Prepositional phrases Participials phrases beginning or centered around verbs Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Modifiers Problematic Dangling You want to put it You want to put it where? Misplaced You want to put it Not there!

Squinting You want to put it What? Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Modifiers Dangling Modifiers A modifier left without something to modify. Examples Walking through the park, the grass tickled my feet.

Driving to work this morning, my car broke down. Having listened to Jake, her problems were solved. Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Modifiers How about this one from the New York Times: After wading through a long, quasiacademic examination of the statistical links between intelligence, character, race and poverty, the readers reward is

a hoary lecture on the evils of the welfare state. Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Modifiers Misplaced Modifiers Modifier in the wrong position in the sentence. Examples A small book sat on the desk that Sarah had read. The professor posted the notes for the students

covered in class. The young girl was walking the dog in a short skirt. Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success Centre de Ressources Linguistiques Modifiers Squinting Modifiers: Modifiers that are placed between two words so that they could be understood to modify either word.

Examples The thief who was gesturing wildly stalked his victim. He said tonight he'd call me. I said eventually I would do it. Session 1 GMAT Verbal Success

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