Folktales

Folktales

Compiled by Deb Thonus Learn About Folktales Where do folktales come from? Elements found in folktales Types of folktales Popular folktales Where do folktales come from?

Menu Most traditional folktales are very old. They are stories which were passed down to new generations by storytellers. Later they were written down. Each tale may have many versions. Folktales are told all over the world. Often folktales teach lessons. Fables and fairy tales are types of folktales. Elements found in

Folktales May use the phrase Once upon a time" May use the number three in the story ... number of characters, events, wishes, etc. Has good and bad characters Uses repetition of phrases or responses, ex: Little pig, little pig, let me in, from The Three Little Pigs. Involves common people and/or animals Main characters have a problem to solve Has a happy ending. Problem is solved.

Menu Types of Folktales Trickster tales Fables Why Porquoi stories Fairytales Menu Trickster Tales

One character is clever and very tricky Trickster causes problems for another character He/she usually gets away with the trick Different cultures have specific tricksters- Example: Anansi the Spider in Ashanti tales. Tricksters from Different Cultures North America

China Australia Europe Africa Coyote Monkey

Crow Fox Spider Raven Wolf Rabbit

Menu Fables Short stories Teach a lesson Animal characters with human characteristics Stress themes such as: the value of cooperation, looking at problems from different viewpoints, rewards if lesson is learned Lessons may not be stated directly Listener must find their own lesson in the tale

Why Porquoi Stories Explain why something is as it is Explain how things came to be Example: Australian Aboriginal dreamtime stories Fairytales Include good and bad characters A hero or heroine Magic or fantasy Includes predictable beginnings and endings Once

upon a time Happily ever after Problem which is usually overcome through kindness, courage, intelligence Could you retell some of these stories? How do you know they are folktales? Stone Soup The Three Little Pigs Cinderella Tortoise and the Hare Jack and the Beanstalk

Little Red Riding Hood Goldilocks and the Three Bears Rumplestiltskin

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