9/5 1. What does the term story telling mean to you? What words or ideas come to mind? 2. Describe how storytelling surfaces in your life. Give a specific example. Analyzing Literature To enable us to craft interpretative, yet scholarly judgments about literature, we want to be open minded. The goal is to experience a deeper appreciation for a work, no matter which analytical approach
we take. Below are 4 possible lenses through which to view a literary work. Archetypal Criticism Contextual/ Historical Criticism Gender Criticism Biographical Criticism Folktales, Myths, and Legends Defining Folklore Folk derived from a Germanic noun folka meaning people
Lore - all traditions about a particular subject that have been accumulated over time through experience Folklore: stories, music, dance, lessons, and customs that contain the traditions of a particular group. Its Everywhere Folklore is all around us influencing the way we do everything in our lives from what we name our children to the games we teach them to play. People have been changing and adding
to folklore for generations The interpretation of stories and customs is constantly changing. Folktales - A story that is pure fiction and has no particular location in time or place. - No known author. The Oral Tradition Passed by word of mouth from one person to the next, one generation to the next. Never told the same twice.
Oral Tradition Continued Folktales, myths, and legends represent the wishes, hopes, and fears of many people rather than the concerns of one writer. They deal with universal human dilemmas that span across different ages, culture, and geography. History of oral folktales The oldest documentation of
folktales as oral tradition is 202 AD in China. The purpose of these tales was to teach lessons to warriors and other adults. The next major shift was in France in the 1700s. People began to write the oral folktales down, but they were still for adults.
History Continued In Germany around 1800s, the Brothers Grimm collected folktales and modified them for a younger audience (children). History Continued Dutch writer Hans Christian Anderson also published a collection of
folktales and fairytales for children in 1835. These tales were still quite bloody and violent. They were meant to serve as a warning for children on what would happen if they didnt behave. History Continued The next major shift occurred in the 1940s with Walt Disney.
Disney took these same tales and sanitized them into the classic tales that we know today. He took out the violence and darker aspects of the stories. Examples: Little Mermaid, Cinderella Folktales Recap All folktales have
the following in common: - No author - Fictional - Passed on by oral tradition Types of folktales: - Parables - Fables - Fairytales - Tall Tales
Folktales: Parables and Fables Parables: 1. A brief story that teaches a moral or religious lesson. 2. Characters are everyday people. 3. Realistic story that seems probable and takes place in familiar setting of life.
Fables: 1. The shortest of folktales. 2. Features animals, mythic creatures, and plants as characters with human qualities. 3. Teaches a moral lesson. Examples
Parable The Boy who Cried wolf Tell the truth Fable Tortoise and the Hare: Slow and steady wins the race. Folktales: Fairytales Feature creatures like fairies, elves, goblins, gnomes,
trolls, and dwarves. Add the element of magic and fantasy to stories. Often involve a far fetched plot. Closest cousin to the short story. Folktales: Tall Tales American folktales: Borrows some
elements of a legend Bigger than life over exaggerated. Comes out of Old West. Examples: Paul Bunyan, Pecos Bill Folktales: Urban Tales (legends) Modern Folklore: arent true but are passed on as though they are true. Are sometimes repeated in news stories, and in recent years, by email. Prey on peoples fears
Ex: The Kidney Heist, Bloody Mary, Bigfoot, Sewer alligator. Myths and Legends Symbolic stories explaining how the world and human kind came to be. Characters are usually gods or supernatural heroes. Sacred stories religious in nature
Example: Baldur, Great Flood, creation stories. Myths Legends Stories that are based on historical fact have element of supernatural. Characters are always saints, kings, heroes. Always associated with a specific time or place. Hero represents cultural values. Hero doesnt always win in the end. Ex: King Arthur, Robin Hood, Fountain of Youth
Recap Form Belief Folktale Fiction Time Place Attitude Character
Any time Any place Secular: Humans or animals Moral Lessons Myth
Symbolic Remote past Different world: Other or earlier Sacred Nonhuman Often Gods or
supernatural Legend Believed to be factual Earth world of today Secular
or Sacred Humans: Kings, heroes, saints. Recent Past
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