Folktales, Myths, and Legends

Folktales, Myths, and Legends

9/5 1. What does the term story telling mean to you? What words or ideas come to mind? 2. Describe how storytelling surfaces in your life. Give a specific example. Analyzing Literature To enable us to craft interpretative, yet scholarly judgments about literature, we want to be open minded. The goal is to experience a deeper appreciation for a work, no matter which analytical approach

we take. Below are 4 possible lenses through which to view a literary work. Archetypal Criticism Contextual/ Historical Criticism Gender Criticism Biographical Criticism Folktales, Myths, and Legends Defining Folklore Folk derived from a Germanic noun folka meaning people

Lore - all traditions about a particular subject that have been accumulated over time through experience Folklore: stories, music, dance, lessons, and customs that contain the traditions of a particular group. Its Everywhere Folklore is all around us influencing the way we do everything in our lives from what we name our children to the games we teach them to play. People have been changing and adding

to folklore for generations The interpretation of stories and customs is constantly changing. Folktales - A story that is pure fiction and has no particular location in time or place. - No known author. The Oral Tradition Passed by word of mouth from one person to the next, one generation to the next. Never told the same twice.

Oral Tradition Continued Folktales, myths, and legends represent the wishes, hopes, and fears of many people rather than the concerns of one writer. They deal with universal human dilemmas that span across different ages, culture, and geography. History of oral folktales The oldest documentation of

folktales as oral tradition is 202 AD in China. The purpose of these tales was to teach lessons to warriors and other adults. The next major shift was in France in the 1700s. People began to write the oral folktales down, but they were still for adults.

History Continued In Germany around 1800s, the Brothers Grimm collected folktales and modified them for a younger audience (children). History Continued Dutch writer Hans Christian Anderson also published a collection of

folktales and fairytales for children in 1835. These tales were still quite bloody and violent. They were meant to serve as a warning for children on what would happen if they didnt behave. History Continued The next major shift occurred in the 1940s with Walt Disney.

Disney took these same tales and sanitized them into the classic tales that we know today. He took out the violence and darker aspects of the stories. Examples: Little Mermaid, Cinderella Folktales Recap All folktales have

the following in common: - No author - Fictional - Passed on by oral tradition Types of folktales: - Parables - Fables - Fairytales - Tall Tales

Folktales: Parables and Fables Parables: 1. A brief story that teaches a moral or religious lesson. 2. Characters are everyday people. 3. Realistic story that seems probable and takes place in familiar setting of life.

Fables: 1. The shortest of folktales. 2. Features animals, mythic creatures, and plants as characters with human qualities. 3. Teaches a moral lesson. Examples

Parable The Boy who Cried wolf Tell the truth Fable Tortoise and the Hare: Slow and steady wins the race. Folktales: Fairytales Feature creatures like fairies, elves, goblins, gnomes,

trolls, and dwarves. Add the element of magic and fantasy to stories. Often involve a far fetched plot. Closest cousin to the short story. Folktales: Tall Tales American folktales: Borrows some

elements of a legend Bigger than life over exaggerated. Comes out of Old West. Examples: Paul Bunyan, Pecos Bill Folktales: Urban Tales (legends) Modern Folklore: arent true but are passed on as though they are true. Are sometimes repeated in news stories, and in recent years, by email. Prey on peoples fears

Ex: The Kidney Heist, Bloody Mary, Bigfoot, Sewer alligator. Myths and Legends Symbolic stories explaining how the world and human kind came to be. Characters are usually gods or supernatural heroes. Sacred stories religious in nature

Example: Baldur, Great Flood, creation stories. Myths Legends Stories that are based on historical fact have element of supernatural. Characters are always saints, kings, heroes. Always associated with a specific time or place. Hero represents cultural values. Hero doesnt always win in the end. Ex: King Arthur, Robin Hood, Fountain of Youth

Recap Form Belief Folktale Fiction Time Place Attitude Character

Any time Any place Secular: Humans or animals Moral Lessons Myth

Symbolic Remote past Different world: Other or earlier Sacred Nonhuman Often Gods or

supernatural Legend Believed to be factual Earth world of today Secular

or Sacred Humans: Kings, heroes, saints. Recent Past

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • 'Effective Crew Scheduling Strategies on Ultra-long Range ...

    'Effective Crew Scheduling Strategies on Ultra-long Range ...

    "Effective Crew Scheduling Strategies on Ultra-long Range Flights." ... A review of research undertaken on behalf of the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA PAPER 2005/04). ... Created Date: 10/11/2012 12:06:52 Title "Effective Crew Scheduling Strategies on Ultra-long Range Flights." Last...
  • Confinement contains Condensates Craig Roberts Physics Division Published

    Confinement contains Condensates Craig Roberts Physics Division Published

    Numerical simulations of lattice QCD (data, at two different bare masses) have confirmed model predictions (solid curves) that the vast bulk of the constituent mass of a light quark comes from a cloud of gluons that are dragged along by...
  • - DECISIVE DECIsion support for Safety related development

    - DECISIVE DECIsion support for Safety related development

    DECISIVE - DECIsionsupport for Safety related development of software intenSIVEembedded systems and products. The . purpose of . DECISIVE . explore and develop V&V techniques and decision support tools . used across the lifecycle of products and services
  • Introduction to Photography - Photo I - Home

    Introduction to Photography - Photo I - Home

    Introduction to Photography. This is a camera. On/Off Switch. Rather Important…. Mode Wheel. It should be on Manual. ;D. Shutter Release Button. Press down halfway to focus, and fully to take the picture. ... Canon Nikon. F-Stop Control Button.
  • Best Practices in Fall Prevention

    Best Practices in Fall Prevention

    Put an "X" under the room number and bed beside all the tasks that need to be done (leave blank if no safety issue is identified or problem can be fixed immediately). Indicate whether this task should be completed by...
  • Leed Leadership in Energy &Environmental Design

    Leed Leadership in Energy &Environmental Design

    Daylighting, exposed brick, concrete floors, water reduction, lighting reduction, energy star appliances, located near public transportation and bike parking. Reuse: slate tiles from the roof as wall tiles in bath room. Reuse: glass block from exterior as countertop material. Reclaimed:...
  • Jeopardy - Sinoe Medical Association

    Jeopardy - Sinoe Medical Association

    gastroileal reflex b. gastrocolic reflex c. enterogastric reflex d. defecation reflex BACK TO GAME Functional Anatomy of the Large Intestine: $500 Question Mass movement in the large intestine is initiated by the: a. gastroileal reflex b. gastrocolic reflex c. enterogastric...
  • The front page of your booklet has room

    The front page of your booklet has room

    Not a red rose or a satin heart.I give you an onion.It is a moon wrapped in brown paper.It promises lightlike the careful undressing of love.Here. ... Source H - To His Lost Lover by Simon Armitage. Independently, explore what...