Roman Civilization Life in Ancient Rome Roman Culture Greek statues, buildings, and ideas difference What was Roman Art Like?
Greek style statues Greek style porches and rows of columns Adding arches and domes Roman firsts Make full use of the arch concrete
Colosseum Parthenon Aqueducts and buildings Roman Literature
Based mostly on Greek writings Virgil
Horace Ovid Catullus Seneca Plautus and Terence Roman Science and Engineering
Galen Ptolemy Roads
Aqueducts Volcanic ash , lime, and water Daily Life in Rome Rome 1 of largest cities in world Forum
Wealthy houses Poor apartment buildings Bread and circuses
How was the Forum important to the ancient Romans? List some pros and cons of holding sports figures up as heroes and the responsibilities that
major sports figures have to the public. What was Family Life like? Large families Father head paterfamilias
Becoming a man Women in Rome
Some rights Not full citizens Freedoms Couldnt sit with men Empress Livia Treatment of Enslaved People
Grew with conquered lands
40% by 100 B.C. Jobs Greeks Life Revolt Spartacus Roman Religion
Gods and goddesses Roman emperors Altars
Philosophy Review 1. What were some of Ptolemys scientific achievements? 2. How were the Roman and Greek religions similar? 3. Explain the importance of the language of
the Romans. 4. Describe the education of Roman children. Greek Art Roman Art
Greek Architecture Roman Architecture Greek Art Roman Art
Sculptors tried to show an ideal image. Sculptors made realistic statues. Greek Architecture Roman Architecture
Used porches and colonnades Borrowed Greek styles; used the arch, vault, dome, and concrete The Fall of Rome
The Decline of Rome Marcus Aurelius Commodus Severans Political and Social Problems 22 different emperors Corruption Talented people
refused to serve in govt Fewer honoring the old ideals of duty, courage, and honesty. Attending schools
Large # enslaved Economic and Military Problems Law and order broke down Roman soldiers and
invaders seized crops and destroyed fields. Grew less crops Businesses closed Leave jobs and serve in army Plague
Less gold in coins Make extra coins Pay for more things People find out. Barter Write a journal entry
describing life in a Roman city during the 200s A.D. (React to at least one of the political, social, economic, and military problems that led to disorder and decline.) How do the social,
economic, and political problems of Ancient Rome compare to the current problems in the USA? Invasion
Germanic tribes W Persian E Couldnt enlist and pay Roman soldiers Used Germanic warriors not loyal
Diocletians Reforms AD 284 emperor
Reforms Divided empire into 4 parts Set prices of goods Workers Constantine
Emperor AD 312 Orders Byzantium Hippodrome Constantinople
Empire after Constantine Theodosius Western and Eastern Roman Empire Invasion of Rome
Germanic groups Huns Visigoths Battle of Adrianople
Visigoths invading Rome What leader did the Visigoths overthrow to take control of Rome? More Germanic tribes
Rhine River froze Alaric Romes capture Vandals Vandalism
The fall of Rome Odoacer
Romulus Augustulus Theodoric Western Roman Empire fades Byzantine Empire The Legacy of Rome
Language Ideas about govt USA system of laws Buildings
Peace and order allowed Christian religion to spread. Roman Ideas and Government Today 1st written laws (Twelve Tables) All people are equal under the law. Judges decide fairly.
Innocent till proven guilty Republic made of equal citizens is best form of govt. Republic works best if citizens do their duty, participate in govt, and work to make their society even better.
First Twenty Roman Numerals I=1 II = 2 III = 3 IV = 4
V=5 VI = 6 XI = 11 XVI = 16
VII = 7 XII = 12 XVII = 17 VIII = 8
XIII = 13 XVIII = 18 IX = 9 XIV = 14
XIX = 19 X = 10 XV = 15 XX = 20
Numerals by 10s X = 10 XX = 20 XXX = 30 XL = 40 L = 50 LX = 60
LXX = 70 LXXX = 80 XC = 90 C = 100 Numerals by 100s C = 100 CC = 200
CCC = 300 CD = 400 C = 500 DC = 600 DCC = 700 DCCC = 800 CM = 900
M = 1,000 My Dear Cousin Loves eXtra Vitamins: Roman Numeral: Translated:
My M 1,000 Dear
D 500 Cousin C
100 Loves L 50
eXtra X 10 Vitamins
V 5 Tricky Numbers You would think that the Roman Numeral for 4 would be IIII. But, it is IV.
When a smaller number is in front of a larger number such as IV you subtract only those numbers. I-V= 5-1= 4 Tricky Numbers
IX= 10-1= 9 XIX= XLIV=
XCIX= 10+101= 50-10+51= 100-10+101
19 44 99 Translating What is the Roman numeral translation for
CMIV? For this you have to add the numbers. CM+IV= 900+4= 904 Translating What is the translation for MCDLXXX?
First break apart and add. M+CD+LXXX= 1000+400+80= 1480 Question: What is the translation for CLIV? A. 1515 B. 154
C. 2525 D. 254 Question: What is the translation for CDXX? A. 1520 B. 150 C. 520
D. 420 Influence on Culture Latin alphabet Latin phrases used by doctors, scientists, and lawyers. Literature: Virgil, Horace, Livy, and Tactius Buildings
Concrete Architectural styles Christianity 1 of major religions in the world Adopted Christianity in 300s Helped it grow and spread
Review 1. What social problems helped cause the empires decline? 2. Why did the Roman government use Germanic warriors in its army? 3. How did inflation affect Rome? 4. Who were the Visigoths, and how did they contribute to the fall of the empire?
5. Give examples of Roman ideas in language and architecture that exist today. Write a paragraph discussing whether or not you agree with the following statement: The United States owes more to Roman culture than to any other
civilization that has ever existed. (Support your answer with reasons and evidence from the text, power point, or discussion.) Roman Legacies languages
Rule of law Roman Legacies Roman architectural styles
Christianity The Byzantine Empire Rise of the Byzantines
Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire 500s high point Italy west Egypt south Arabia east
Importance of Constantinople Capital of Byzantine Empire 1 of worlds greatest cities
Location Trade routes Influence of Greek Culture
1st followed Roman ways New Rome Honored Greek past Egyptians and Slavs Persians
500 1200 AD = 1 of the worlds richest and most advanced empires 1. Located in eastern Mediterranean only 2. Spain, North Africa Emperor Justinian
527 A.D. 565 A.D. Policies made empire strong Strong leader Controlled military, made laws, and was supreme judge Theodora
Read the following information and write at least five things you might reflect on as you read this information. In A.D. 532 Theodora helped save Justinians throne. Angry taxpayers threatened to overthrow Justinian and stormed the palace. Justinians advisers urged him to leave
Constantinople. Theodora, however, told him to stay and fight. Justinian took Theodoras advice. He stayed in the city and crushed the uprising. Justinians Conquests General Belisarius Controlled most of
Italy, northern Africa, and Persia Justinians Law Code Tribonian Justinian Code
Byzantine Civilization Lasted 1,000 years Constantinople largest/richest city in Europe Highly educated and creative Gave a new methods
in arts Spread Christianity to people in Eastern Europe Importance of Trade Center of trade between Europe and Asia Asia spices, gems, metals, and cloth Merchants furs, farm goods, honey, and
enslaved people Very Rich Byzantine Art and Architecture Hagia Sophia Mosaics Byzantine Women
Family center of social life Importance of marriage and family Divorces
Regent Byzantine Education
Learning highly respected Govt supported Boys Tutors Girls Authors
Review 1. What is a mosaic, and where were mosaics found in the Byzantine Empire? 2. How did silk weaving develop in the Byzantine Empire? 3. What were some of the trade items that were exchanged between merchants in
Constantinople? 4. Why were divorces difficult to get in the Byzantine Empire? 5. What important service did Byzantine writers provide to the rest of the world? Which civilization do you think was the most
advanced --- that of the Greeks, the Romans, or the Byzantines? Why?
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