Elements of Literature Sixth Course - Mesa Public Schools
The Anglo-Saxons: 4491066 Introduction to the Literary Period Feature Menu Interactive Time Line Milestone: The Celts in Britain Milestone: The Roman Occupation Milestone: The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Milestone: King Alfred against the Danes Milestone: The Spread of Christianity Milestone: The Norman Invasion What Have You Learned?
The Anglo-Saxons: 4491066 Choose a link on the time line to go to a milestone. 300s B.C. Celts in Britain 55 B.CA.D.409 Roman Occupation 300 B.C. A.D. 1 A.D. 1066
Norman Invasi on A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Inv asion A.D. 300 A.D.878 King Alfred against the Danes
A.D. 600 A.D. 400699 Spread of Christianity A.D. 900 A.D. 1200 The Celts in Britain Before and during the 4th century B.C.
Britain home to several Celtic tribes Britain named for one Celtic tribethe Brythons Celtic religion a form of animism Druids were Celtic priests Stonehenge Stonehenge
Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC The Roman Occupation 55 B.C. Julius Caesar invades Britain Hadrians Wall North England A.D. 43 Celts defeated by Claudius Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads
A.D. 409 Romans evacuate their troops Britain left vulnerable to attack Central government breaks down Roman ruins The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Celts Jutes Angles Saxons
A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the far west of the country. The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Why did the Anglo-Saxons settle in England? Jutes England was inviting to Angles outsiders: Saxons
Celts Mild climate Rich easily-tilled soil Safe anchorage for invading ships The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Anglo-Saxon Society kinship groups led by strong warrior chief people farmed, established local governments, produced fine
craftwork English emerged as a written language The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Tribal society warrior kings-led their men into battle Always rival warriors within the tribe King gathered around him a retinue of Jutes Angles fighting men called thanes
Saxons Endless Celts feuds between individuals and between tribes The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Royal living quarters were a small cluster of wooden buildings surrounded by a stockade Main structure was the Mead hall Mead is a fermented drink made of Jutes water, honey, malt, Angles
and yeast Celts Saxons The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Here the king, thanes, wives, and servants gathered. Singer called a scop entertained with stories of heroism. Jutes Warriors slept hereAngles after king retired to a different building.Saxons
Celts Anglo Saxon values Gold/treasure Comitatus king and thanes/warriors tied to one another King shares spoils of war, warriors obligated to fight for him Loyalty Bravery Fate = Wyrd Mead hall
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Page from Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Old English Exeter book A tenth-century book or codex which is an anthology of Anglo-Saxon poetry. Survived in Exeter Cathedral library Among the other texts in the Exeter Book, there are over ninety riddles. The Anglo-Saxon Invasion The Anglo-Saxon religion
offered no hope of an afterlife valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship similar to what we call Norse mythology Norse god Anglo-Saxon god Day of week Odin Woden Wednesday
Thor Thunor Thursday The Anglo-Saxon Invasion The Anglo-Saxon bards called scops strummed harp as they sang sang of heroic deeds were often warriors Why were the scops important? Anglo-Saxons did not believe in
afterlife warriors gained immortality through songs Anglo-Saxon harp King Alfred against the Danes 8th9th centuries Vikings called Danes invade Britain 871 Alfred of Wessex is king of England. 878 King Alfred unifies Anglo-Saxons against
the Danes. England becomes a nation. King Sweyn and his Danish troops arrive in England, from a manuscript (c. 14th century) Vikings 8th century Invaded from across the North sea from Denmark and Norway 867-877 Vikings invaded and took over most of Jutes northeast and
central England Celts Angles Saxons The Spread of Christianity Around A.D. 400 Christian monks settle in Britain Christianity and Anglo-Saxon culture co-exist 597 St. Augustine sent
from Rome by A.D. 699 British pagan religions replaced by Christianity The Norman Invasion 1066 William of Normandy crosses the English Channel William defeats Harold and Anglo-Saxon army French replaces English as the language of the ruling class
The Norman Invasion, Bayeux Tapestry What Have You Learned? Indicate whether the following statements refer to the time before, during, or after the Anglo-Saxon era. ______ Viking invaders terrorized England. during after ______ French became the language of the ruling class. during
______ England became unified under Alfred the Great. before ______ Animism was the primary religious belief. END
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