Code-switching, Spanglish, & Language Loss

Code-switching, Spanglish, & Language Loss

CODE-SWITCHING, SPANGLISH, & LANGUAGE LOSS Tuesday, March 3 Switching Style Shifting between two or more styles or

dialects across sentences Do you shift between styles (e.g., academic language, slang, religious language, etc.) within a single language? When? With whom?

Does How style shifting feel natural for you? do you view style shifting? Positively? Negatively? Something else? Code-Switching

Switching between two or more languages in the same sentence Do you ever code-switch? When? When do you NOT code-switch? Why do you code-switch? How is code-switching connected to your identity? Spanglish: What is it?

Complex linguistic processes by Spanish speakers whose Spanish shows different forms of influences from English Influences are natural when 2 languages are in contact Requires expertise in Spanish and English (and creativity!) Code-Switching

1. CodeSpanglish: switching in the same sentence or 3 Processes conversation 2. Importation: adaption of English words into Spanish 3. Calques: literal translation of English terms

using existing Spanish terms, but giving them a new meaning they do not have in standard Codeswitching Switching between Eng. and Span. in same context

In writing: Gloria Anzalda and Junot Daz In everyday life: Importation

Importing and adapting English words into Spanish In speech: vacuar, garaje, lonche

In everyday life: Calques Literal translation of English words into

Spanish with a new meaning In speech: devolver la llamada = to call back = llamar para atrs

colegio = high school = escuela alta What process is this? What process is this?

How about this? Part 2: Language shift within the family Language shift within the family Joshua Fishman (1972) found that language shift often follows the same model: - First generation immigrants learn some of the

majority language, prefer their native language. - Second generation immigrants are bilingual, can often prefer the majority language, speak it at home. - Third generation immigrants are primarily speakers of the majority language, dont feel very comfortable speaking their grandparents language. Fishman, Joshua A. (1972). Language maintenance and language shift as a field of inquiry: revisited, in Anwar S. Dil (ed.), Language in sociocultural change: essays by Joshua A. Fishman. Stanford ca: Stanford University Press, 76135.

Language shift within the family, cont. - Does this seem accurate to you? Why might it happen? Are there instances when it isnt true? What is lost when a familys primary language changes? What is gained?

Language shift within the family, cont. - Journal activity: how does language shift within families create new challenges or advantages for each generation? - Could language shift be related to other things weve talked about in this class? How?

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