Clauses: The building blocks of sentences

Clauses: The building blocks of sentences

CLAUSES: THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF SENTENCES CLAUSE: A GROUP OF WORDS WITH A SUBJECT AND A VERB The handsome young man and his ugly dog Not Making lots of money Not a clause, because no verb a clause, because no subject Even though we dont have money.

Clause, I am so in love with you, honey. Clause, because we=subject, do have=verb because I=subject, am=verb Instead of the blue dress at Macys. Not a clause, because no subject or verb INDEPENDENT VS. DEPENDENT CLAUSES Independent Clauses Expresses a complete thought Can stand alone

Example: The coffee was fresh. Dependent Clauses Do NOT express a complete thought Cannot stand alone as a sentence Example: Even though the coffee was fresh. WHAT MAKES A DEPENDENT CLAUSE SO DEPENDENT? Dependent Clauses begin with dependent words: after if, even if when, whenever although in order that where, wherever as since whether because that, so that which, whichever before unless while even though until who howwhat, whatever whose

Practice: Write five dependent clauses using some of the dependent words above. Hint: Remember that dependent clauses still have a subject and a verb. IDENTIFY EACH GROUP OF WORDS AS DC (DEPENDENT CLAUSE), IC (INDEPENDENT CLAUSE) OR NC (NOT A CLAUSE) Hint: Does it Whenever I see you smile I usually get my paycheck on contain a subject and verb? Yes=clause No=not a clause Mondays

Whatever you want After grading the next set of papers After school, we will play basketball After you drink your coffee Does it begin with a dependent word? No=IC Yes=probably DC Is it a complete thought? No=DC Yes=IC

IDENTIFY EACH GROUP OF WORDS AS DC (DEPENDENT CLAUSE), IC (INDEPENDENT CLAUSE) OR NC (NOT A CLAUSE) Whenever I see you smile DC I usually get my paycheck on Mondays IC Whatever you want After grading the next set of papers NC

After school, we will play basketball IC After you drink your coffee DC DC MORE PRACTICE WITH CLAUSES http://www.csus.edu/owl/index/sent/clause_q uiz.htm

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