Church History - Angelfire

Church History - Angelfire

The Modern Church John Stevenson, 2014 Session Objectives

To identify, analyze and critique the fortunes of Christianity and its relations to culture in both its Western and global settings in the 21st Century. To recognize evaluate the influence that Nazism and Marxism has had upon the Christianity in the 20th Century.

To summarize, interpret and evaluate the ecumenical movement. Session Objectives

To identify and assess the value and impact of Vatican II on the Roman Catholic Church. To explain the effects of globalization on the Christian Church and the relative influence Christianity is having. To compare and contrast the interaction of Christianity and the culture in the 21st

Century with that of the Patristic era. 1 500 The Ancient Church

1000 The Medieval Church 1500

2000 The Reformed Church How ought the church to respond to the changing world?

Second Great Awakening 1800 American Civil

War 1850 1900 Darby Mormons Millerites Darwins

Origin of the Species 1950 2000 1809-1882 Five-year voyage aboard

HMS Beagle Origin of the Species The mystery of the beginning of all things is insoluble by us; and I for one must be content to remain an agnostic. Man is not a finished product

incapable of further progress. He has a long history behind him, and it is a history not of a fall, but of an ascent. Sir Julian Huxley 1844-1918 Documentary Hypothesis

JEPD Theory J: E: D: P: Jehovah Elohim Deuteronomy

Priestly writings These original writing were collected and edited by a later redactor. Five Major Christian Teachings Inerrancy of Scripture Virgin Birth & Deity of Christ

Substitutionary Atonement received by Grace through Faith Bodily resurrection of Jesus Second Coming of Jesus 1837-1899 Worked in a shoe store Led to Christ by his

Sunday School Teacher, Edward Kimball Began teaching Sunday School Traveling evangelist 1837-1899 Someday you will read in the

papers that Moody is dead. Don't you believe a word of it. At that moment I shall be more alive than I am now. I was born of the flesh in 1837, I was born of the spirit in 1855. That which is born of the flesh may die. That which is born of the Spirit shall live forever.

1843-1921 Background in law and politics Converted to Christianity in 1879 and ordained four years later Influenced by Moody and

Hudson Taylor Published Scofield Reference Bible 1862-1935 Professional Baseball player Converted to

Christianity Evangelist Tent meetings Sawdust trail 1862-1935 At Kansas City, Kansas, before the

saloons were closed, they were getting ready to build an addition to the jail. Now the doors swing idly on the hinges and there is nobody to lock in the jails. Methodist Holiness

Movement Entire Sanctification Second Blessing Methodist Holiness Movement Keswick Movement

Spiritual Power for service Methodist Holiness Movement Keswick Movement

Holiness Camp Meetings Charles Parkham

January 1901 Topeka, Kansas Speaking in tongues Missionaries no longer need to learn foreign languages Agnes

Ozman Charles Parkham Asuza Street Revival, Los Angeles Begun in 1906 Three services a

day, seven days a week for three years Transcended racial barriers William Seymour Methodist Holiness

Movement Keswick Movement Holiness Camp Meetings Pentecostal Movement

Methodist Holiness Movement Keswick Movement Holiness Camp Meetings

Pentecostal Movement Charismatic Movement 1918 Published the book,

The Manhood of the Master, denying the deity of Christ Shall the Fundamentalists Win? The question isHas anybody a right to deny the Christian name to those who differ with him on such

points and to shut against them the doors of the Christian fellowship? 1881-1937 Professor at Princeton Seminary Left to begin Westminster

Seminary (1929) Independent Presbyterian Mission Board Orthodox Presbyterian Church (1936) 1881-1937 If the liberal party

really obtains full control of the councils of the church, then no evangelical Christian can continue to support the churchs work (1923:166) What course do you take

when even the church, you believe, has tragically compromised the Gospel and been seduced by the culture? Civil War Northern Southern

Presbyterian Church Presbyterian Church Machen left in 1933 to form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC) Ministers left in 1973 to form the Presbyterian Church in America

(PCA) 1881-1937 Seventy-five years ago, Western civilization, despite inconsistencies, was still predominantly

Christian; today it is predominantly pagan (1923:65) 1925 Clarence Darrow

William Jennings Bryan 1886-1968 Trained in German theological liberalism Known as the father of neo-orthodoxy

God makes Himself known as we encounter the Scriptures Theological Liberalism Bible is merely a man-made

book Theological Orthodoxy Bible is the inspired and inerrant Word of God

Theological Liberalism Neo-Orthodoxy Bible is merely Bible becomes a man-made the word of

God as I book receive it in faith Theological Orthodoxy Bible is the

inspired and inerrant Word of God Orthodoxy Neo-Orthodoxy The Bible is the Word

of God The Bible contains the Word of God Verbal Plenary Inspiration Authors interpreted

events and words of God Truth is absolute Truth is relative 1906-1945

German theologian Received his doctorate at the age of 21 Traveled to America Returned to Hitlers Germany Involved in the Confessing Church

1906-1945 Involved in a plot to assassinate Hitler Funds used to aid escaping Jews traced back to him Concentration camp Execution

1906-1945 To endure the cross is not tragedy; it is the suffering which is the fruit of an exclusive allegiance to Jesus Christ.

1906-1945 Only he who believes is obedient and only he who is obedient believes.

How does a Christian committed to peace come to assist violence in combating unrestrained violence? What do you do when patriotism and Christian faith collide?

What is the responsibility of a Christian when others are being persecuted and even executed? Why is Christianity experiencing new vitality in

parts of the Third World yet declining in the West? Jesus Movement Second Great Awakening

1800 American Civil War 1850 WW1

1900 Vatican II WW2 1950 Machen

Darby Mormons Millerites Jehovahs Witnesses Darwins Origin of the Species Billy Graham

2000 A move toward religious unity Christian Ecumenism versus Religious Pluralism. Ecumenism and Vatican II. Anathemas rescinded (1965) Pope John Paul II visits Patriarch of the

Romanian Orthodox Church (1999) How important do you think the visible unity of the church is, or should be? How should the church reconcile these two values? Truth

Unity Formed in 1948 Made up of Protestant, Independent, and Orthodox Churches. Political Issues. Israel, Arab, and Palestinian rights Support of Communist rebels

Facilitation of dialog between different denominations. 1912-1984 Established a Christian study center in LAbri,

Switzerland Spoke on the issue of relativist thinking Brought people to see Christianity as true truth. 1910-1997 Born Agnes Bojaxhiu in

Macedonia Roman Catholic Nun in India Felt a call to serve the poor outside the convent Malcom Muggeridge: Something Beautiful for God William Cook

1910-1997 Love begins at home with family and friends Begin by loving the outcast you know Love is not defined by extraordinary deeds, but

in the daily giving of yourself to another William Cook A Theology of Liberation 1973 Notre Dame Professor of Theology

Salvation in terms of liberation from social and economic injustice A Marxist approach to Christianity Born 1927 Founded Calvary

Chapel Pentecostal Jesus People Movement Rolling commentary style of preaching In what ways have churches reacted to the

me generation? Self-Esteem Parenting Narcissistic Children side by side with material prosperity, a

spiritual desert is spreading: an interior emptiness, an unnamed fear, a quiet sense of despair (Pope Benedict XVI, 2008). Over 2000 attending

Suburban areas Functionally nondenominational Something for everyone One highly gifted spiritual leader Scott Thumma, PhD Initially attracted by Worship style Senior pastor Nearly 2/3 have been attenders 5 years or less Many come from other churches, but 25%

had not been in any church for a long time before coming 55% of attenders volunteer in some way What are the biggest challenges and opportunities that the Church faces at the beginning of the new

millennium? Oriented toward Postmodernism De-emphasis on Doctrine Openness to new ideas Seeking Community Participatory Worship

Shaping theology to suit culture Adapting methods to reach culture

When I say I'm a universalist, what I really mean is that I don't believe you have to convert to any particular religion to find God. A I see it, God finds us, and it has nothing to do with subscribing to any particular religious view. Spencer Burke

It may be advisable in many (not all!) circumstances to help people become followers of Jesus and remain within their Buddhist, Hindu, or Jewish contexts. Brian McLaren The old paradigm taught that if you had the right teaching, you

will experience God. The new paradigm says that if you experience God, you will have the right teaching. Dan Kimball What makes you most hopeful about the future of the Church?

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