In this chapter you will: Represent motion through the use of words, motion diagrams, and graphs. Use the terms position, distance, displacement, and time interval in a scientific manner to describe motion. CHAPTER 2 SECTIONS Section 2.1: Picturing Motion Section 2.2: Where and When?
Section 2.3: Position-Time Graphs Section 2.4: How Fast? SECTION 2.1 PICTURING MOTION Objectives Draw motion diagrams to describe motion. Develop a particle model to represent a moving object.
INTRO/ALL KINDS OF MOTION Perceiving motion is instinctive your eyes pay more attention to moving objects than to stationary ones. Movement is all around you. Movement travels in many directions, such as the straight-line path of a bowling ball in a lanes gutter, the curved path of a tether ball, the spiral of a falling kite, and the swirls of water circling a drain.
When an object is in motion, its position changes. Its position can change along the path of a straight line, a circle, an arc, or a backand-forth vibration. When beginning a new area of study, it is generally a good idea to begin with what appears to be the least complicated situation, learn as much as possible about it, and then gradually add more complexity to that simple model. ALL KINDS OF MOTION A description of motion relates to Place and
Time. You must be able to answer the questions of where and when an object is positioned to describe its motion. MOTION DIAGRAMS Motion Diagram a series of images showing the positions of a moving object taken at regular or equal time intervals.
THE PARTICLE MODEL Particle Model is a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the object in motion is replaced by a series of single points. QUESTION 2 A car is moving at a speed of 90 km/h. What is the speed of the car in m/s? (Hint: Use Dimensional Analysis)
90 km | 1 h | 1000 m h | 3600 s | 1 km = 25 m/s QUESTION 1 Explain how applying the particle model produces a
simplified version of a motion diagram? Keeping track of the motion of the runner is easier if we disregard the movements of the arms and the legs, and instead concentrate on a single point at the center of the body. In effect, we can disregard the fact that the runner has some size and imagine that the runner is a very small object located precisely at that central point. A particle model is a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the object in motion is replaced by a series of single points.
QUESTION 2 Which statement describes best the motion diagram of an object in motion? A graph of the time data on a horizontal axis and the position on a vertical axis. A series of images showing the positions of a moving object at equal time intervals. Diagram in which the object in motion is replaced by a series of single point.
A diagram that tells us the location of zero point of the object in motion and the direction in which the object is moving. B: A series of images showing the positions of a moving object at equal time intervals is called a motion diagram. QUESTION 3 What is the purpose of drawing a motion diagram
or a particle model? To calculate the speed of the object in motion. To calculate the distance covered by the object in a particular time. To check whether an object is in motion. To calculate the instantaneous velocity of the object in motion. C: To check whether an object is in motion.
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