Chapter 4 WWI: Shaping Canada's Identity Answers

Chapter 4 WWI: Shaping Canada's Identity Answers

Chapter 4 WWI: Shaping Canadas Identity Part 1 Answers Questions When did the war begin? When did it end? WWI began in 1914 and ended in 1918. Why

did Canada join the war? Canada joined the war because it was loyal to Britain and therefore wanted to support its cause. Questions How did Nationalism change society? How did Industrialization change how war was conducted? With the development of Nationalism, large enthusiastic armies were established and soldiers were eager to go

to war for their countries. Industrialization led to technological advancements. Troops and equipment were easier to transport and weapons of mass destruction were created Questions How can loosing an entire generation affect society? Loosing an entire generation of men can lead to long-term affects on demographics (ex. population, communities, movement in the country), the loss of a family bloodline, and economic concerns.

What role did women play on the home front? While the men were away at war, women became the labour force of Canada. Women worked in factories and as farmers. They were also volunteer nurses and ambulance drivers. Questions Why did the Canadian government stop Britain from breaking up their forces? They resisted the breaking up of Canadian troops so that they became a distinct military

force of their own. A step towards Canadas coming of age. Questions Name 3 important battles and what was significant about each. Continued Battle of Ypres 1915 Chlorine gas was used for the first time and Canadian medics told soldiers to urinate on rags so that they could breath and keep fighting. Battle of Somme 1916 Trench warfare was

prominent during this battle. Battle of Vimy Ridge 1917 During this battle, Canadians took the ridge that no one else could using the creeping barrage tactic. Definitions Total War A war that involves an entire society, in which civilians are considered fair targets Nationalism A sense of national consciousness that fosters loyalty to ones country

Western Front The zone of fighting in WWI in which the Germans fought its enemy armies in the west Watershed A point in time that marks an important, often historical change or event Chapter 4 WWI: Shaping Canadas Identity

Part 2 Answers Questions What are subversives? What happened to subversives in accordance with the War Measures Act? Subversives were viewed as those who intended to overthrow or destroy an institution or government. In accordance with the War Measures Act, anyone suspected of being a subversive were

forced into internment camps across Canada. They were forced to work with no pay. This act sanctioned and legislated systematic racism and discrimination. Questions What was the White Mans War? What did it mean for women? Aboriginals? African Canadians?

White Mans War is a war that is fought only by white men. Women too weak and fragile, worked as volunteer nurses and ambulance drivers Aboriginals denied military service until 1915, dispersed into British ranks as relief soldiers African Canadians enlisted as part of a construction battalion, did not see the frontlines Questions What is conscription? Why did Canadians resist it?

Conscription is the compulsory enlistment of people in the military. Canadians fought against this policy because it pitted people against each other: farmers vs factory workers, urban vs rural dwellers and pacifists vs military. People did not want to be forced to go to war. Questions What was the impact of the Military Voters Act and the Wartime Elections Act? Was PM Bordens plan successful in the 1917 election?

The Military Voters Act allowed all men and women in the military to vote and denied the vote to conscientious objectors. The Wartime Elections Act extended the vote to widows, wives, mothers, and adult sisters and daughters of servicemen to vote. Opposition to his cause was was prohibited from voting and so PM Borden was successful in the election. Questions What social changes to place during and after WWI?

Led to a boom in the economy with the expansion of markets and trade. Canada became an industrialized nation. With the labour shortage, women went to work. By the end of the war, women were able to vote in both federal and provincial elections. Questions What did the 1931 Status of Westminster grant Canada?

The Status formalized Canadas independence from Britain. Canada was no longer controlled by the British Empire. Definitions Internment Camps Armed camps in which people suspected of being the enemy are forcibly held Conscientious

A person whose beliefs prohibit her or him from participating in war combat Womens Objectors Suffrage The political right of women to vote

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