Chapter 1

Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Present Simple Present Progressive Review present simple Review present progressive Which sentences are true for you? I use a computer every day. I am using a computer right now. I check emails every day. I send text messages several times a day.

I am sending a text message now. Which sentences are in the simple present? When we use the present Presentdosimple: simple? A routine, habit, or general fact

Present simple Can you complete this chart with the word live? live I ________ in Texas. live You _________ in Texas. He/ She / It _________ in Texas. lives

live We ________________in Texas. live They ________in Texas. Remember: Add s to third person singular (he/she/it) in simple

present Present simple Can you complete this chart with the word fly? fly I ________ fly You _________ flies He/ She / It _________ fly

We ________________ fly They ________ When a word ends in consonant + y, change the y to i and add es Ex: study studies try tries

cry - cries Can you think of other words like this? Present simple Can you complete this chart with the word fix? fix I ________ fix

You _________ fixes He/ She / It _________ fix We ________________ fix They ________ When a word ends in x, you must add es. Can you think of any

other words where you need to add es? You must add es when words end with: - sh - ch - ss - zz

Can you remember these irregular verbs? I have You have She _____ has I do do Youdoes He ______

I go goes You go It ______ Exercise 23, page 15 3. A boat floats on water. 4. Rivers flow toward the sea. (no change) 5. My mother worries about me. 6. A student buys a lot of books at the beginning of each term.

7. Airplanes fly all around the world. (no change) 8. The teacher asks us a lot of questions in class every day. 9. Mr. Cook watches game shows on TV every evening. 10. Water freezes at 32 F and boils at 212 F. 11. Mrs. Taylor never crosses the street in the middle of the block. She always walks to the corner and uses the crosswalk. Practice Exercise 24 on page 15 Add s/-es/-ies to the verbs

Check your Spelling 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. talks finishes hopes teaches

moves 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. kisses pushes waits mixes

bows 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. studies buys enjoys

tries carries Can you make these sentences negative? I live in Houston. You live in Houston. He lives in Houston. We live in Houston. They live in Houston.

I dont live in Houston. Long form: do not Contraction: dont Long form: does not Contraction: doesnt You dont live in Houston. He doesnt live in Houston. We dont live in Houston.

They dont live in Houston. Practice Work with a partner. Complete the sentences on page 7 (exercise 10) with the correct form of the verb. Then circle True or False. I use a computer every day. I am using a computer right now. I check emails every day.

I send text messages several times a day. I am sending a text message now. Which sentences are in the present progressive? When do we use present progressive? Complete these sentences in the present progressive with the verb sleep

am sleeping I ___________________. are sleeping You ___________________. is sleeping He/She/It ___________________. are sleeping We ___________________. are sleeping They ___________________.

be + verb + -ing Can you make these sentences negative? Use the long form. I am joking. I am not joking. You are laughing. You are not laughing. He is telling a funny story. He is not telling a funny story. We are listening. We are not listening. They are talking. They are not talking. Lets read page 5: Lunch at the

Fire Station Usual Activity or happening right now? Exercise 6 : Listen and Circle Usual activity or happening right now? Work with a partner Close your books, please. Complete the following sentences orally with the correct form of the verb in parentheses.

(sleep) is sleeping sleeps Shh! The baby ______________. The baby _____________ for ten hours every night. (sit) am sitting at my desk. I usually Right now Im in class. I __________

sit ______________ at the same desk every day. (speak) speaks Ali __________ Arabic. Arabic is his native language, but right now he is speaking _____________ English.

(rain and be) Does rain a lot in A: ________ it _____

southern California? is B: No. The weather ____ usually warm and sunny. (rain and start )

A: Look out the window. Is raining ? _____it ______ Should I take my umbrella? is starting B: It ___________ to sprinkle. (walk)

A: Look. Its Yumiko B: Where? is walkingout of the bakery. A: Over there. She _______ (walk and walk) Do walk to work every day, A: Oscar usually walks ____ to work. ______you______ too?

B: Yes. Are these sentences correct? I am having a car. I am wanting a new house. Are these sentences grammatically correct? I am having a car. I am wanting a new house.

No, these sentences are not correct. Some non-action verbs cannot be used in the progressive tenses. Have (meaning ownership) and want are two examples. Can you think of other examples?

Review: Are these sentences correct? I am understanding everything she is saying. The dog is needing a haircut. Review: Are these sentences correct? I am understanding everything she is saying. The dog is needsing a haircut. Non- action verbs such as understand,

need, want, and like must be in the simple tenses Review: Why can think and have sometimes be used in progressive tenses but other times not? I think that grammar is easy. I am thinking about grammar right now. I have a car. I am having a good time. When think means

believe, it cannot be progressive. When have means own or possess, it cannot be progressive. Complete the sentences with the simple present or present progressive

A: How is your new job going? think B: Pretty good. I (think) _____________ I am doing okay. A: You look upset. Whats on your mind? think B: Im worried about my daughter. I (think) _____________ shes in trouble.

A: You look far away. Whats on your mind? am thinking B: I (think) _____________ about my vacation next week. I cant wait! A: Hey, there! Hows the party going? are having B: Great! We (have) ________________ a lot of fun.

A: Could I borrow some money? have B: Sorry, I only (have) ________________ a little change on me. Exercise 29, page 18 Exercise 30 Page 18-19 Record your answers. Homework check P. 6 Ex.9

1. Does 2. Does 3. Are 4. Do 5. Do 6. is it P. 13 Ex. 20 1. noun; plural 2. verb; sing. 3. verb; sing.

4. noun; plural 5. verb; sing. 6. noun; plural 7. noun; plural 8. verb; sing. P. 24 Ex. 37 Part I 1. think 2. prefer 3. makes 4. need

5. work 6. are doing 7. Do you exercise 8. Are you exercising 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS 0% negative

positive Frequency adverbs (Chart 1-3) always Page10 100% almost always usually often frequently generally sometimes

occasionally seldom rarely hardly ever almost never not ever, never Discuss with a partner The adverbs usually, often, frequently, generally, sometimes, and occasionally are fantastic! You can use

these adverbs in almost any position in a sentence . How many places can you add the word usually to the following sentences? We are good students. It rains in the summer. She is not on time. They dont study. Lets look at some adverbs that are not so easy:

always almost always rarely hardly ever almost never never 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS In affirmative sentences, you can use all frequency adverbs in front of the main verb

in all verbs except the verb be Hannah always eats lunch at school. always usually frequently sometimes occasionally rarely almost never

never I snore. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS In affirmative sentences, you can use all frequency adverbs after the verb be Hannah is always happy.

always usually frequently sometimes occasionally rarely almost never never I am happy.

1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS (d) Alex sometimes doesnt eat meat. FREQ ADV + NEGATIVE VERB (except always, ever & negative adverbs) generally sometimes usually often

I dont use my cell phone in class. generally sometimes usually often 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS In negative sentences with be, you can use all frequency adverbs after not

(except negative adverbs like never we never use double negatives in English!) Alex is not always late. Alex is not often late. Alex is not never late. Practice with this sentence: He is not polite. always often usually

generally frequently 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS Always is a special adverb. In negative sentences with verbs (other than be), it goes between the negative auxiliary and the main verb Alex doesnt always finish his homework Practice adding always to these sentences:

I dont eat breakfast. She doesnt cook dinner. They dont understand the homework We dont drive fast. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS CORRECT: Marcy never drinks milk. INCORRECT: Marcy doesnt never drink milk. Negative adverb + negative verb

1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS Negative adverbs seldom rarely hardly ever almost never not ever, never

Negative adverb + negative verb Practice adding negative adverbs to these sentences: (you may need to remove words from the sentences) She drinks alcohol. I dont wear a seatbelt. He earns a lot of money. We dont play basketball. Negative adverbs:

hardly ever almost never never EVER EVER is used in questions about frequency. When EVER is used in a question, it means at any time. Do you ever take the bus to work? Does she ever miss class? Have they ever been to Chicago?

Ever is NOT used in statements: I ever walk to work (bad) I sometimes walk to work/I seldom walk to work/etc. Ever CAN be used with NOT to make a negative sentence: I do not ever walk to work. He does not ever do the dishes. Not + Ever has the same meaning as NEVER Work with a partner. Say how often

you do these things: wear a suit to class go to sleep before 11:00pm get at least one email a day Work with a partner. Say how often you do these things: read in bed before I go to sleep speak to people who sit next to me on an airplane wear a hat to class

Work with a partner. Say how often you do these things: believe things I hear in the news get up before nine oclock in the morning call my family or a friend if I feel homesick or lonely Practice Page 11-12 Exercise 16 (orally with a partner) Exercise 17 1. seldom/rarely wakes 2. sometimes makes

3. frequently/often goes 4. is frequently/often late 5. always cooks 6. almost always reads 7. seldom does 8. never goes Discuss with a partner: Complete the following questions with do/does or am/is/are _________ you like basketball?

_________ you a nice person? _________ you have a pencil? _________ you thinking about the grammar? _________ I in the right classroom? _________ the teacher usually late? Do/Does or Am/Is/Are? Use do/does when you have a verb in the question that is in the present simple

Do _________ you like basketball? _________ you a nice person? Do _________ you have a pencil? Does _________ your best friend live in Houston? _________ you thinking about the grammar?

_________ I in the right classroom? _________ the teacher usually late? Do/Does or Am/Is/Are?? Use am/is/are when you have a verb in the question that is in the present progressive _________ you like basketball? _________ you a nice person? _________ you have a pencil?

Are _________ you thinking about the grammar? _________ I in the right classroom? _________ the teacher usually late? Do/Does or Am/Is/Are? Use am/is/are when there is not another verb in the question _________ you like basketball?

Are you a nice person? _________ _________ you have a pencil? _________ you thinking about the grammar? Am _________ I in the right classroom? Is _________ the teacher usually late? Practice Ex.34 Page 22

Do this exercise orally. Walk around the room and ask and answer the questions. Exercise 32, page 20-21 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Does Tanya; she does; she has

Is it raining; it isnt; dont think Do your friends write; they do; get Does the weather affect; it does; get Is Jean studying; she isnt; is; is playing; Does Jean play; No, she doesnt; studies; is she; she is; plays; do you play; I do; am not Ex. 33, page 21 1. Do you 2. Does it 3. Does she 4. Does he

5. Does she 6. Am I 7. Is it 8. Does he 9. Do they 10. Do we Exercise 35, page 22 Close your books, please Work with a partner.

One person is A and one person is B Read the conversations. Complete them with the correct form of the verbs. has A: My sister (have) ___________ a new car. She bought it last month. have a car? Do B: (have) _____you______ dont

A: No, I _________. Do you? B: No, but I have a motorcycle. Are watching A: What are the children doing? (watch) ______they__________ T.V.? arent are playing outside. B: No, they __________.

They (play) ___________ Are you_________ listening to me? A: Jacob, (listen) _______ want B: Of course I am, Mom. You (want) ___________ me to take out the garbage, right? A: Yes, and I mean now!

are A:Hey, Becky, where (be)___________ you? am B: I (be)__________ in the bedroom. are doing A: What (do) _________ you_________? am trying

B: I (try)___________ to sleep! do think A: What (think) _____ you__________ about at night before you fall asleep? think dont think

B: I (think)___________ about my day. But I (think, not) ___________ think do about anything negative. What (think) _______ you__________ about? dont think about anything. I (count) ___________ count A: I (think, not) ___________ sheep.

A: A penny for your thoughts. B: Huh? are A: That means: What (think)_________ you____________ about right thinking now? am thinking about my homework. I (not, think)____________ am not thinking

B: I (think)_________ about anything else right now. A: I (not, believe) ___________ dont believe you. You (think)___________ are thinking about your wedding plans! know A: (know)_________ you___________ any tongue twisters?

Do B: Yes, I ________. Heres one: She sells sea shells by the sea shore. do is A: That (be) _______ hard to say! Can you say this: Sharon wears Sues shoes to zoos to look at cheap sheep? B: That (not, make) ____________ doesnt make any sense. know

A: I (know)_________, but its fun to say! Practice twice! Open your books to pages 22-23. Complete the exercise. Omars Visit Read the story on page 25. Find and correct the errors in verb tense. Work alone, and then check with a partner.

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