Ch. 11 The Late Middle Ages: Crisis & Disintegration in the ...
Ch. 11 The Late Middle Ages: Crisis & Disintegration in the 14th Century FQ: What impact did the Black Death have on the society and economy of Europe? FQ: What major problems did European states face in the fourteenth century? Three Main Pillars of
Medieval Life feudal system (political/military) -a peasant or worker known as a vassal received a piece of land in return for serving a lord or king, especially during times of war. manor system - economic and social system by which the peasants of medieval Europe were rendered dependent on their land and on their lord. Roman Catholic Church
Disintegration of Medieval Life Black Death led to social and economic upheaval. Hundred Years War broke feudal ties and helped create nation-states (England & France) Cannon and longbow changed military tactics.
Cause and Impact of the Black Death Causes Mongols increased trade between Asia and Europe leading to flea infested rats traveling on the Silk Road. Movement from rural to urban areas increased. Famine in early 1300s led to chronic malnutrition, infant mortality increasing, lower birth rates and higher risk of disease.
Impacts Labor shortage leads to wages going up (when there was work) Aristocrats respond by passing Statute of Laborers to limit wages which led to the Peasant Revolt of 1358. Peasant Revolts 1358 Jacquerie (peasant revolt in northern France).
Class tensions were high. Landed nobles wanted to hold onto their political privileges. 1381 English Peasant Revolt was more a product of rising expectations. King Richard II promised to give in to the peasant demands only to go back on his word and arrested hundreds. Peasant and urban revolts sometimes resulted in Causes of the Hundred Years
War (1337-1453) ? Dispute over the territory of Gascony Dispute over the right of succession to the Conduct and Course of the War French army of 1337 relied heavily on armed noble
cavalry and considered foot soldiers and crossbowmen as socially inferior. English army included peasants as paid foot soldiers armed with pikes and the long bow. Fighting went back and forth until a twenty year truce was signed in 1396. Joan of Arc
Born in 1412 to peasants from a village in Champagne. Deeply religious, Joan experienced visions and believed her favorite saints had commanded her to free France and have the dauphin crowned king. Captured and condemned to death as a heretic and burned at the stake in 1431. End of the War
Defeats of English armies in Normandy and Aquitaine ultimately led to French victory. French success was attributed to the use of the cannon (a new weapon made possible by the invention of gunpowder). 1453 only part of France that was left in English
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Built a new capital, Dadu, (also called Khanbaliq) near present-day Beijing. Trade during the Yuan dynasty. The Mongol armies protected trade in and around China. Mongol leaders welcomed foreign traders. Sea trade continued with India, Southeast Asia and Arabia.
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