Artificial Intelligence By John Debovis & Keith Bright What is Artificial Intelligence? Artificial intelligence (AI) is the field of computer science that seeks to build autonomous machinesmachines that can carry out complex tasks without human intervention. Research in AI is concerned with producing
machines to automate tasks requiring intelligent behavior. Intelligent Agents An agent is a device that responds to stimuli from its environment. An agent could be a robot, an autonomous plane, a character in a video game, or a program commuting over the Internet. The goal of Artificial Intelligence is to build agents that behave intelligently.
Turing Test Can Machines Think? Turing Test was a test designed in the 1950s to solve this question. Layout A human interrogator sits in a room and uses a computer terminal to communicate with two respondents, A and B. The interrogator knows that one respondent is human and the other is
computer. After having a conversation with A and B, the human must decide which respondent was the computer. Is it a good test for intelligence? Some argue that the Turing Test doesnt demonstrate that a computer understands language Turing Test Equivalence Weak Equivalence
A computer that passes the Turing test would demonstrate weak Equivalence, meaning that the two systems are equivalent Strong Equivalence Indicates that two systems use the same internal processes to produce results Some AI researchers assert that the true artificial intelligence will not exist until we have achieved strong equivalence Chatbots/Eliza programs have been developed for the Turing Test
Strong AI vs. Weak AI Weak AI The assumption that machines can be programmed to exhibit intelligent behavior. Accepted to varying degrees by a wide audience Strong AI The assumption that machines can be programmed to possess intelligence and consciousness. Widely debated Opponents of Strong AI argue that a machine is inherently different from a human and can never think about itself the same a human
does. Robotics Robotics is the study of physical, autonomous agents that behave intelligently. The development of faster, lighter weight computers has lead to greater research in mobile robots that can move about. ASIMO Despite great advances, most robots are still not very autonomous. They rely on human operators for intelligence.
Current Progress Researched aspects of AI Looked in programming examples and how they can be used with ELIZA Investigated how ELIZA operates and relates to Turing Test ELIZA ELIZA is a famous program which rephrases many of the user's statements as questions and poses them to the user.
Example The response to "My head hurts" might be "Why do you say your head hurts?" The response to "My mother hates me" might be "Who else in your family hates you?" We plan on developing our own intelligent agent that is similar to ELIZA. Example
"Shand tucthiney m?" le ollds mind Theybooure He, he s whit Pereg lenigabo Jodind alllld ashanthe ainofevids tre lin--p asto oun Let s be the previously produced character. The probability that c is the next character to be produced equals...
Customer-Focused Sales Dialogue. Throughout the process, selling strategy must focus on customer needs and how the customer defines value.. Sales Presentations. Need Discovery. Follow-Up; Build More Value. Sales Calls. Customer-Focused Sales Dialogue
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Conduct asset and need assessments of the geographic area to determine the range of community resources that provide services and supports to people living with HIV/AIDS. ... website for current epidemiological data based on zip code. The AETC NMC can...
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Japan Returns to Isolation. Japan enjoyed over 250 years of stability under Tokugawa shoguns. Farmers produced more food and population rose, even though they lived lives of misery. Society was very structured. Ruler was shogun and supreme military commander. Below...
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Mick Healey University of Gloucestershire, UK "… universities should treat learning as not yet wholly solved problems and hence always in research mode" (Humboldt, 1810 translated 1970, quoted by Elton, 2005, 110)
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