ALLEGORY - Ms. Herda's Class Website

ALLEGORY - Ms. Herda's Class Website

#1: Allegory Allegory Definitions Write Down The 2 That Make The Most Sense To You A story in which people, things, and happenings have a hidden or symbolic meaning: allegories are used for teaching or explaining ideas, moral principles, etc. A narrative (that means story) in which characters and action represent concepts different from the literal meaning of the story. Extending a metaphor (comparison) through an entire speech,

passage or story so that objects, persons, and actions in the text are equated with meanings that lie outside the text. A story with both a literal and symbolic meaning (characters, events or things in the story represent something else) An allegory is a fictional story that refers to a real life situation using metaphors (comparisons). a story in which the characters and events are symbols that stand for ideas about human life or for a political or historical situation

Allegory Example #1: TWO WOLVES One evening an old Cherokee told his grandson about a battle that goes on inside people.

He said, "My son, the battle is between two wolves inside us all. One is evil. It is anger, envy, jealousy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, selfpity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego. The other is good. It is joy, peace, love,

hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith." The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, "Which wolf wins?"

The old Cherokee simply replied, "The one you feed." How is the story of the two wolves an allegory?

The story is an allegory because The story is not about wolves.at all. Wolf #1= is anger, envy, jealousy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego Wolf #2= joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith What lesson is learned?

Aesop's fables are examples of simple allegories, such as: The Ant and the Grasshopper - the grasshopper fails to provide for the winter while wasting time mocking the ant. The Dog and his Shadow - where the dog sees his reflection in a stream, and thinks the "other dog" has a larger piece of meat. He drops the one he's holding to grab it, and

loses the meat in the water. The Tortoise and the Hare The story of the tortoise and the hare is an allegory, expressing the belief that the slow and steady will always defeat the quick and prideful in the end. In Aesops popular fable two different distinct personality types compete, with the winner

living slow and stable over the losers fast and impetuous lifestyle. The Tortoise and the Hare continued The hare has often been linked to youthful virility and physical vitality. The tortoise, on the other hand, is linked to age and tiredness. Two anthropomorphized

creatures (animals given human qualities) compete for superiority, with the tortoise victor awarded fame, while the loser hare stews in his own disgrace, having failed to heed his elder's wisdom on matters of effective racing strategies. The blindfolded figure with scales is an allegory of justice.

Any number of Disney's animated films or others made by Dreamworks and other production companies where animals or robots or even toys are depicted in a figurative way that is parallel to human behavior. For example, The Lion King, which tells a tale of young lion cub who is forced to grow into adulthood early because of circumstances that force him to deal with life in an adult way. Disney has touted this film as being the first animated film that Disney has made that is not based on a story by someone else and claim it is an original story.

Perhaps the writers and producers and studio executives have never seen or heard of William Shakespeare's Hamlet, but The Lion King is remarkably similar to Hamlet where Simba parallels Hamlet, the evil Uncle Scar parallels Caudius and Simbas mother, of course, parallels Hamlet's mother. The only striking difference between these two stories is in Hamlet practically everybody dies but not so in the Lion King,, and Simba lives happily ever after with Hamlet's parallel of Ophelia.

What is this picture an allegory for? #2 Alliteration Alliteration Definition: Alliteration is a form of figurative language when

a group of words has the same beginning sound. Greg gave Gretta grapes from grandmas. Sallie Sue sang songs to Susie on

the seashore. Peter paid Pedro five pesos for the pencils. Tanya took ten tomatoes

to Tito on Tuesday. Lacey Lui loved her lucky laces. Which of the following sentences is an example of alliteration?

A. Harry the Hamster was having a happy dream in his hamster house. B. Katie was as beautiful as a rose. C. I was so excited when I heard the ding-dong of the bell. Which of the following sentences is an example of alliteration?

A. Harry the Hamster was having a happy dream in his hamster house. B. Katie was as beautiful as a rose. C. I was so excited when I heard the ding-dong of the bell. Which of the following sentences is an example of alliteration?

A. Juan was as quick as a cricket when he ran in the race. B. Frankie the Fish ate supper with Yertle the Turtle. C. Queen Quincy was quite quiet when Quantel quit quickly. Which of the following sentences is an

example of alliteration? A. Juan was as quick as a cricket when he ran in the race. B. Frankie the Fish ate supper with Yertle the Turtle. C. Queen Quincy was quite quiet when Quantel quit

quickly. Which of the following sentences is an example of alliteration? A. Wayne slept like a log because he was so tired from his trip. B. Trevor tried to trade his truck with Troy.

C. It was raining cats and dogs when we walked outside to go home. Which of the following sentences is an example of alliteration? A. Wayne slept like a log because he was so tired from his trip.

B. Trevor tried to trade his truck with Troy. C. It was raining cats and dogs when we walked outside to go home. #3 Allusions Allusion Definition:

Definition-a reference within a work to something famous outside it, such as a well-known person, place, event, story, or work of art, literature, music, pop culture. Why do authors use allusions? Purpose-Lets reader/viewer understand new information, characters, plot, setting,

etc. by connecting it to something already known. Allusion Problems Not to be confused with ILLUSIONS In order to understand allusions, one must have a good grasp on well-known works of literature, art, music, pop culture, etc. So, if one is not well-read, it will be difficult to

fully grasp why an author/writer/director uses an allusion. This sometimes makes them difficult for high school students to grasp. Allusion Problems = Allusions are NOT references to someone/something only a small group of people know.

So, you wouldnt say, Sallys smile looked like my moms smile. While this is a method of comparison, it is not to something well-known (outside of your community). Purpose of Allusions Whenever you come across an allusion, stop and ask yourself: What does the writer want me to understand about

this character, setting, plot, etc. by connecting it to something with which I am already familiar? What is the authors purpose in using this allusion? To create the same feeling/mood as the original work? For comedic effect? To show characters motives or traits? Allusion Examples Sally had a smile

rivaled only by that of the Mona Lisa. Since everyone is familiar with the painting, they can imagine Sallys almost expressionless smile.

What does this show about Sally? Allusion Example (Art to Film) The makers of the Scream movie ALLUDED TO Munchs work of art The Scream in order to instill fear. Allusions Example (TV to Film)

FAMILY GUY THE SHINING Danny writes REDRUM on the door at first.

Mirror reflection shows Redrum= Murder backwards Family Guy/The Shining

The makers of Family Guy make Stewies blocks say REDRUM as an ALLUSION TO The Shining. They use this allusion because they know their audience will likely be familiar with The Shining, so they will understand the message that Stewie is obsessed with murder. REDRUM=MURDER backwards.as reflected in the mirror in The Shining. This allusion helps the viewer gain a deeper understanding of Stewies charactera matricidal maniac!

Allusions Example (Film to Film) KARATE KID DISNEYS HERCULES Hercules ALLUDES TO Karate Kid when Hercules is training. Disney uses this allusion so the viewer thinks of Karate Kid and how, after training in the sunlight, Daniel wins the big match. The allusion is used to FORESHADOW that Hercules will also be

successful in his big fight. Allusion Example (Poem to Book) John Steinbecks Of Mice and Men book title alludes to Robert Burns poem To a Mouse Burns poem lines:

The best laid schemes of mice and men often go awry (Standard English Version) Reason for allusion: Steinbeck is trying to

send the message, through his title, that things will not go as the characters planned. It foreshadows a notso-happy ending in which dreams are dashed.

Most Popular Allusions THREE MOST POPULARLY ALLUDED WORKS: The Bible POSEIDON, Shakespeare God of Sea

Greek/Roman Mythology So, what does that tell you? ---You are expected to be well-read in order to understand many allusions! Shakespeare Allusion (Movie to Play) Et tu, Brute Latin for And you, Brutus

Said by Julius Caesar in Shakespeares play when he is about to die and realizes Brutus has betrayed him. Used when people want to get the message across that someone has betrayed them

In the scene in Aladdin where Genie is trying to make Aladdin a prince, he opens his recipe book. After the crab bites him, a robed hand comes out of the book, to which Genie says, Et tu, Brute? indicating that the recipe book has betrayed him, also, along with the crab. The

purpose in this case, of course, is for comedic effect. Romeo and Juliet Song Allusions

* Arctic Monkeys' song 'I Bet You Look Good on the Dancefloor contains the lyrics 'Oh there ain't no love no, Montagues or Capulets/Just banging tunes in DJ sets * Madonna's Cherish has a line that says "Romeo and Juliet, they never felt this way, I bet.

* Dire Straits' 1980 popular song "Romeo and Juliet" in which the singer looks back on a failed relationship. * The Delta Goodrem song "I Don't Care" contains the lyrics "they tried to keep Romeo and Juliet apart... * The Blue yster Cult song "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" mentions Romeo and Juliet as being "Together in eternity". * The song Ampersand by The Dresden Dolls, features the lines "and I may be romantic, and I may risk my life for it/but I ain't gonna die for you/you know I ain't no Juliet. * The band Genesis uses the names Romeo and Juliet for characters in the

song 'The Cinema Show' * The Big Audio Dynamite has in the song "The Bottom Line" a reference to Romeo (as well as a reference to the famous soliloquy in Hamlet). Mythology Allusions Achilles Heel Original Tale-When Achilles was a baby, it was foretold that he

would die in battle from an arrow. Naturally, his mother Thetis did not want her son to die. So she took Achilles to a magical river which was supposed to offer powers of invincibility and dipped his body into the water. But as Thetis had held Achilles by the heel, his heel was not washed

over by the water of the magical river. Achilles grew up to be a man of war who survived many great battles. But one day, an arrow shot at him was lodged in his heel, killing him instantly. Yet Achilles is remembered as one of the greatest fighters who ever lived.

When someone wants to discuss ones weak point, s/he will refer to it as his/her Achilles Heel, meaning that they are strong in all areas except for that

Mythology Allusions Advertising uses allusions, too! Venus alludes to the mythological Roman goddess principally associated with

love, beauty, and fertility. #3 Ambiguity Ambiguity Definition: 1. Doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning or intention 2. An unclear, indefinite expression or

meaning Why do authors use ambiguity? Although ambiguity is considered a flaw in writing, many writers use this technique to: allow readers to understand their works in a variety of ways, giving them depth and complexity.

can humorous. Challenges the reader Let us analyze some ambiguity examples in literature. Excerpt from Catcher in the Rye I ran all the way to the main gate, and then I waited a second till I got my breath. I have no wind, if you want to know the truth. Im quite a

heavy smoker, for one thingthat is, I used to be. They made me cut it out. Another thing, I grew six and a half inches last year. Thats also how I practically got t.b. and came out here for all these goddam checkups and stuff. Im pretty healthy though. Explanation The words they and here used by the

speaker are ambiguous. But the readers are allowed to presume from the context that they might be the professionals helping out Holden and here might be a rehabilitation center. Lewis Carrolls Alice in Wonderland The mouse says, I have a long and sad tale.

Alice responds that she can see that the mouses tail is long, but asks, why do you call it sad? This is ambiguous in speech, but not in writing. What is ambiguous about these sentences? The girl skipped happily by the bank. The man looked at the

boy with the telescope. The handsome man was wearing a light suit. At the zoo, I saw the little Ambiguity Practice Look at the following pictures, and decide why they are ambiguous.

#4 Analogies Analogy Definition: An analogy is a comparison between two things, and the comparison is used to determine the relationship between different sets of things. Bark is to dog as meow is to cat.

Many Different Types of Analogies Synonym to antonym: hot is to cold Part to whole: core is to apple Function to thing: cook is to stove Characteristic to thing: slippery is to ice Product to thing: milk is to cow Guidelines to solve

analogies decide upon the relationship between first 2 words state the relationship - car is to tire because___________ examine the third word chair select a fourth word that will make the third-fourth word have the same relationship as the firstsecond word be ready to explain your fourth word selection Car is to tire as chair is to ______.

Model and Practice On is to off as start is to __________. Nail is to finger as hair is to _________. Eye is to see as ear is to ____________. Swift is to deer as slow is to _________. Wool is to sheep as egg is to _________. Model and Practice

On is to off as start is to __________. stop, opposites Nail is to finger as hair is to _________. head, part to whole Eye is to see as ear is to ____________. hear, thing to function

Swift is to deer as slow is to _________. turtle, characteristic to thing Wool is to sheep as egg is to _________. chicken, product to thing #5 Anaphora Anaphora Definition:

An anaphora is the repeated use of a word or phrase in the beginning of a sentence or phrase. It can be used for emphasis, but it is also easy to overdo it, which ruins the effect of it. "We saw the bruised children of these fathers clump onto our school bus, we saw the abandoned children huddle in the pews at church, we saw the stunned and

battered mothers begging for help at our doors." (Scott Russell Sanders, Under the Influence, 1989) We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and

growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender. - Winston Churchill, World War II speech in House of Commons

Watch the following video. You can easily hear how anaphora is used even in political speeches. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMezcWFW8ss

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