ACTIVE READING Workshop by: Kristina Yegoryan Historical Overview of Reading EXPRESSIVE REALISM: 1st movement that proscribed importance to reading Literary texts were interpreted referring to the historical era and real time The authors intent was crucial RUSSIAN FORMALISTS

Advocated literariness: the form of the text was different from the context Reading was a separate object of study NEW CRITICS Very similar ideology as Russian Formalists Rejected the consideration of historical, cultural context, and of the writers intent The comprehension and the meaning of the text was based on the readers interpretation Reading as Decoding The next stage of the historical evolution of reading was marked by the traditional overview that regarded reading to be

decoding. Reading became the epitome of literacy Fast and fluent reading and responses to text related comprehension activities. Reading was considered a separate from writing. NEW Rhetoric: Critical Reading Writing in those days meant an ability to figure out what the teacher wanted in order to create an acceptable product (Clark 4) and reading well meant speed and vocabulary comprehension. The birth of Process Movement in 1963 brought in a renewal of interest in

rhetoric and composition theory, a revival that generated the process approach to understanding how people write and how they learn to write (Clark 5). The new rhetoric brought in a new concept of critical reading that referred to the complex interaction between the writer, the reader, and the context. CRITICAL READING How to help students understand the use-value of critical reading? Many of our students are good readers in the traditional sense: they have large vocabularies, read quickly, and are able to do well at comprehension tasks involving recall of content (Haas, Flower 124).

The speed in reading, excellence in context recalling doesnt help all the good readers does good analysis. Yet, these same students often frustrate us, as they paraphrase rather than analyze, summarize rather that criticize texts (Haas, Flower 125). The ability to comprehend the text through decoding or quick reading practices doesnt develop the ability to think critically nor does it help to engaged with the text and connect it with writing CRITICAL READING= ACTIVE READING ACTIVE READING IS A COMMUNICATION between the author and the reader

The readers should actively participate in this communication and not be passive acceptors of the authors ideas Should agree or disagree with the author Should think critically, question, and bring in their own perception of the topic STRATEGIES OF ACTIVE READING 3 PASS APPROACH The First Pass: Preview the text before Reading

consider the title, the publication date, the author, the images, quotes, and the length of the text. Make predictions, ask questions to yourself The Second Pass: Read the text and read for meaning Read with pencil in hand, make notes in the margins, develop your own system of annotation, make connections between the text and your life

The Third Approach: Read with Critical Attitude Consider the authors argument and intent Distinguish facts from opinions Write an evaluation/analysis of the text giving your opinion about the text Preview and Annotation 3 MOVES of Revision/Invention Through Engagement with a Text Joseph Harriss 3 moves that the writers should use to respond to the works of others:

Coming to Terms : Translating Understand the writers arguments, ideas, and strategies Find the keyword passages and flashpoints, used evidence/ examples Translate them into their own writing/ response Forwarding Taking words, ideas from the text and putting them in use in new contexts Citing a text, paraphrasing, relating the text to personal examples, Countering Looking at the text to suggest a different way of thinking

Thinking critically, disagreeing, suggesting a different point of view/ argument Supporting the new formulated argument/thesis in the response ACTIVITY TIME! Thank you for your attention! Lets practice some ACTIVE READING!

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