Buy this title complete here: 98.252020NATIONALPLUMBING & HVACESTIMATORPrBy James A. Thomsoneview eIncludes inside the back cover:OnlinInside the back cover of this book you’ll find a software downloadcertificate. To access the download, follow the instructions printedthere. The download includes the National Estimator, an easy to-useestimating program with all the cost estimates in this book. Thesoftware will run on PCs using Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, or 10operating systems.Quarterly price updates on the Web are free and automatic allduring 2020. You’ll be prompted when it’s time to collect the nextupdate. A connection to the Web is required.Download all of Craftsman’s most popular costbooks for one low price with theCraftsman Site License. http://CraftsmanSiteLicense.comTurn your estimate into a bid.Turn your bid into a Craftsman Book Company6058 Corte del Cedro, Carlsbad, CA 92011Buy similar Craftsman Book Co. titles here:

Buy this title complete here: sample “Standard Form Subcontract” and “Subcontract Change Order” forms used in the final section ofthis book are reprinted with the permission of the publisher, the Associated General Contractors of America(National Office), 1957 E Street NW, Washington, District of Columbia 20006.Looking for other construction reference manuals?OnlinePrCraftsman has the books to fill your needs. Call toll-free 1-800-829-8123Visit our Web site: http://www.craftsman-book.comCover design by: Jennifer JohnsonPhotos: iStock by Getty Images 2019 Craftsman Book CompanyISBN 978-1-57218-358-2Published September 2019 for the year 2020.Buy similar Craftsman Book Co. titles here:

Buy this title complete here: to Use This Book . 5Fire Protection Equipment . 174Plumbing EquipmentFire Protection Sprinkler Pipe and Fittings(Roll Grooved) . 176Domestic Hot Water Heaters . 19Water Softeners . 22Kitchen Equipment . 25Fire Protection Branch Pipe & Fittings . 180Fire Protection Sprinkler Pipe andFittings (CPVC) . 183Kitchen Equipment Connections . 26Plumbing Fixtures . 27Plumbing Fixture Rough-In . 31HVAC EquipmentCommercial Boilers . 185Commercial Boiler Components andAccessories . 192evieCopper Pipe, Type K with Brazed Joints . 33wCommercial Boiler Connections. 190Piping SystemsCopper Pipe, Type K with Soft-Soldered Joints . 43Copper Pipe, Type L with Brazed Joints . 53Copper Pipe, Type L with Soft-Soldered Joints . 61Copper Pipe, Type M with Brazed Joints . 70Heat Exchangers and Connections . 207Fan Coil Units and Connections . 208Reheat Coils and Connections . 209PrCopper Pipe, Type M with Soft-Soldered Joints . 78Centrifugal Pumps and Pump Connections . 206Copper, Pressfit . 86Copper Pipe, Type K & Lwith Roll Grooved Joints . 89ePVC, Schedule 40, with Solvent-Weld Joints . 91inPVC, Schedule 80, with Solvent-Weld Joints . 101Polyethylene-Aluminum Pipewith Crimped Joints . 111Unit Heaters and Connections . 210Chillers and Chiller Connections . 211Condensing Units and Cooling Towers . 212Cooling Towers and Cooling TowerConnections . 213Steel Piping SystemsCarbon Steel, Schedule 40 with150# Fittings & Butt-Welded Joints. 214Plumbing and Piping Specialties . 119Carbon Steel, Schedule 40 with150# M.I. Fittings & Threaded Joints . 223OnlPolyethylene-Aluminum Pipewith Compression Joints . 116Cast Iron, DWV, Service Weight, No-Hubwith Coupled Joints . 135Cast Iron, DWV, Service Weight,Hub & Spigot with Gasketed Joints . 141Copper, DWV, with Soft-Soldered Joints . 146ABS, DWV with Solvent-Weld Joints . 150PVC, DWV with Solvent-Weld Joints . 154PVC, DWV with Gasketed Bell andSpigot Joints. 159Polypropylene, Schedule 40,with Heat-Fusioned Joints. 164Floor, Area, Roof and Planter Drains . 168Cleanouts . 169Fire ProtectionFire Protection Sprinklers. 170Carbon Steel, Schedule 5 withPressfit Fittings. 234Carbon Steel, Schedule 80 with300# Fittings & Butt-Welded Joints. 237Carbon Steel, Schedule 80 with300# M.I. Fittings & Threaded Joints . 247Carbon Steel, Schedule 160 with3,000-6,000# Fittings . 255Carbon Steel, Schedule 40 withRoll-Grooved Joints. 266Carbon Steel, Schedule 10 withRoll-Grooved Joints. 273Carbon Steel, Schedule 40 withCut-Grooved Joints . 280Residential HVAC Assemblies . 286Air Handling Unit Accessories . 290Buy similar Craftsman Book Co. titles here:

Buy this title complete here: Recovery Ventilators - Commercial. 291Fiberglass Pipe Insulation. 397Heat Recovery Ventilators - Residential . 292Water Coil Piping . 294Calcium Silicate Pipe Insulation withAluminum Jacket. 399Air Handling Unit Coil Connections . 297Closed Cell Elastomeric Pipe Insulation . 400Gas-Fired Furnaces. 299Thermal Duct Insulation . 401Energy Recovery Systems, Enthalpy. 301Balancing of HVAC Systems . 402Unit Heaters . 302Temperature Controls . 405Infrared Heaters . 304Heat Pump Systems. 305Ductile Iron Pipe SystemsWater Pump Systems . 313Ductile Iron, Class 153, Cement-Lined withMechanical Joints. 407wGeothermal/Domestic Water Wells. 316Ductile Iron, Class 153, Double Cement-Linedwith Mechanical Joints . 409Fans and Blowers . 324Ventilators & Residential Exhaust Fans . 326Apparatus Housing . 331Air Devices, Registers & Grilles . 333Terminal Units (VAV) . 337Ducting SystemsDuctile Iron, Class 110, Cement-Lined withMechanical Joints. 411Cast Iron, Class 150 with Mechanical Joints . 412Asbestos-Cement, Class 2400 or 3000 withMechanical Joints . 413PrAir Devices, Diffusers & Grilles . 334evieBiomass-Fired Boilers . 319Fiberglass Tanks . 415Plastic Tanks . 416Trenching . 418Galvanized Steel Ductwork . 344Equipment Rental . 420Installed Ductwork Per Pound . 346Close-Out Items . 421Galvanized Steel Spiral Ductwork . 348HVAC & Plumbing Demolition . 422OnlineDuctwork Specialties . 339Galvanized Steel Round Spiral Fittings . 349Budget Estimating. 435Galvanized Steel Rectangular Ductwork . 351Galvanized Steel Rectangular90 Degree Elbows. 353Galvanized Steel Spiral Duct . 356Forms and LettersChange Estimates . 438Galvanized Steel Spiral Duct Fittings . 358Subcontract Forms . 447Galvanized Steel Spiral Tees . 360Purchase Orders . 451Galvanized Steel Spiral Crosses . 366Construction Schedules . 453Galvanized Steel Rectangular Ductwork . 369Letter of Intent . 456Galvanized Steel Rectangular Elbows. 381Submittal Data. 458Galvanized Steel Drops and Tees . 391Billing Breakdown Worksheet . 461Galvanized Steel Round Ductwork . 394Fiberglass Ductwork. 395Index . 463Buy similar Craftsman Book Co. titles here:

Buy this title complete here: to Use This BookThis 2020 National Plumbing & HVAC Estimator isa guide to estimating labor and material costs forplumbing, heating, ventilating and air conditioningsystems in residential, commercial and industrialbuildings.To the left of the @ symbol you see an abbreviationfor the recommended work crew.Page 7 shows the wage rates and craft codes usedin this book.To the right of the @ symbol you see a number. Thenumber is the estimated manhours (not crew hours)required to install each unit of material listed. In the caseof a 6 gallon hot water heater, [email protected] means that.500 manhours are required to install 1 hot water heater.wCosts in the Labor Column are basedon manhour estimates in the [email protected] column. Multiply the manhour estimate by theassumed hourly labor cost to find the installation cost in the Labor column. For example, .500manhours times 36.70 (the average wage for crewP1) is 18.35.evie'20 Inside the back cover of thisbook you’ll find a software download certificate. To access the download, follow theinstructions printed there. The download includesan easy to-use estimating program with all the costestimates in this book. The software will run on PCsusing Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, or 10 operatingsystems.Quarterly price updates on the Web are free andautomatic all during 2020. You’ll be prompted byCraftsman Software Update when it’s time to collectthe next update. A connection to the Web is required.PrWhen the National Estimator program has beeninstalled, click Help on the menu bar to see a list oftopics that will get you up and running. Or, go onlineto and click on Support,then Tutorials, to view an interactive tutorial forNational Estimator.OnlineCosts in This Manual will apply within a few percenton a wide variety of projects. Using the informationgiven on the pages that follow will explain how to usethese costs and suggest procedures to follow whencompiling estimates. Reading the remainder of thissection will help you produce more reliable estimatesfor plumbing and HVAC work.Manhour Estimates in This Book willbe accurate for some jobs and inaccuratefor others. No manhour estimate fits alljobs because every construction projectis unique. Expect installation times to vary widelyfrom job to job, from crew to crew, and even for thesame crew from day to day.There’s no way to eliminate all errors when makingmanhour estimates. But you can minimize the risk ofa major error by:1. Understanding what’s included in the manhourestimates in this book, and2. Adjusting the manhour estimates in this book forunusual job conditions.The [email protected] Column. Manhour estimates in thisbook are listed in the column headed [email protected] example, on page 19 you’ll see an estimate forinstalling a 6 gallon hot water heater. In [email protected] column opposite 6 gallon you’ll see:[email protected] Estimates include all productive labornormally associated with installing the materialsdescribed. These estimates assume normal conditions: experienced craftsmen working on reasonablywell planned and managed new construction with fairto good productivity. Labor estimates also assumethat materials are standard grade, appropriate toolsare on hand, work done by other crafts is adequate,layout and installation are relatively uncomplicated,and working conditions don’t slow progress.All manhour estimates include tasks such as: Unloading and storing construction materials, toolsand equipment on site. Working no more than two floors above or belowground level. Working no more than 10 feet above an uncluttered floor. Normal time lost due to work breaks. Moving tools and equipment from a storage area ortruck not more than 200 feet from the work area. Returning tools and equipment to the storage areaor truck at the end of the day. Planning and discussing the work to be performed. Normal handling, measuring, cutting and fitting. Regular cleanup of construction debris. Infrequent correction or repairs required becauseof faulty installation.Buy similar Craftsman Book Co. titles here: https://www.Craftsman-Book.com5

Buy this title complete here: Plumbing & HVAC EstimatorIf the work you’re estimating won’t be done underthese conditions, you need to apply a correction factor to adjust the manhour estimates in this book to fityour job.ePrSupervision Expense to the installingcontractor is not included in the laborcost. The cost of supervision and nonproductive labor varies widely from jobto job. Calculate the cost of supervisionand non-productive labor and add thisto the estimate.evieUse one or more of the recommended correction factors in Table 1 to adjust for unusual job conditions. Tomake the adjustment, multiply the manhour estimateby the appropriate conversion factor. On some jobs,several correction factors may be needed. A correction factor less than 1.00 means that favorable working conditions will reduce the manhours required.wApplying Correction Factors. Analyze your jobcarefully to determine whether a labor correctionfactor is needed. Failure to consider job conditionsis probably the most common reason for inaccurateestimates.ConditionWork in large open areas, no partitionsPrefabrication under ideal conditions,bench workLarge quantities of repetitive workVery capable tradesmenWork 300' from storage areaWork 400' from storage areaWork 500' from storage areaWork on 3rd through 5th floorsWork on 6th through 9th floorsWork on 10th through 13th floorsWork on 14th through 17th floorsWork on 18th through 21st floorsWork over 21 floorsWork in cramped shaftsWork in commercial kitchensWork above a sloped floorWork in attic spaceWork in crawl spaceWork in a congested equipment roomWork 15' above floor levelWork 20' above floor levelWork 25' above floor levelWork 30' above floor levelWork 35' to 40' above floor levelOnlinHourly Labor Costs also vary from job to job. Thisbook assumes an average manhour labor cost of 43.25 for plumbers and 41.94 for sheet metalworkers. If these hourly labor costs are not accuratefor your jobs, adjust the labor costs up or down by anappropriate percentage. Instructions on the next pageexplain how to make these adjustments. If you’reusing the National Estimator disk, it’s easy to set yourown wage 201.301.401.50Table 1 Recommended Correction FactorsHourly labor costs in this book include the basicwage, fringe benefits, the employer’s contribution towelfare, pension, vacation and apprentice funds, andall tax and insurance charges based on wages. Table2 at the top of the next page shows how hourly laborcosts in this book were calculated. It’s important thatyou understand what’s included in the figures in eachof the six columns in Table 2. Here’s an explanation:Column 3, insurance and employer-paidtaxes in percent, shows the insuranceand tax rate for the craft workers. Thecost of insurance in this column includesworkers’ compensation and contractor’scasualty and liability coverage. Insurance rates varywidely from state to state and depend on a contractor’s loss experience. Note that taxes and insuranceincrease the hourly labor cost by approximately 30%.There is no legal way to avoid these costs.Column 1, the base wage per hour, is the craftsman’s hourly wage. These figures are representativeof what many contractors are paying plumbers, sheetmetal workers and helpers in 2020.Column 4, insurance and employer taxes in dollars, shows the hourly cost of taxes and insurance.Insurance and taxes are paid on the costs in bothcolumns 1 and 2.Column 2, taxable fringe benefits, includes vacationpay, sick leave and other taxable benefits. Thesefringe benefits average about 5.53% of the basewage for many plumbing and HVAC contractors. Thisbenefit is in addition to the base wage.Column 5, non-taxable fringe benefits, includesemployer paid non-taxable benefits such as medicalcoverage and tax-deferred pension and profit sharing plans. These fringe benefits average 4.88% of thebase wage for many plumbing and HVAC contractors.6Buy similar Craftsman Book Co. titles here:

Buy this title complete here: Metal WorkerOperating EngineerSprinkler FitterElectricianCement Mason3456Base wageper hourTaxablefringebenefits (at5.53% ofbase wage)Insuranceandemployertaxes (%)Insuranceandemployertaxes ( )Non-taxablefringebenefits (at4.88% ofbase wage)Total hourlycost used inthis Crew Composition4411411111Average Hourly Costper Manhourbuilding plumbers, 2 building laborers, 1 operating engineerbuilding sheet metal workers, 2 building laborers, 1 operating engineerbuilding plumber and 1 building laborersprinkler fittersprinkler fitters, 2 building laborers, 1 operating engineersprinkler fitter and 1 laborerbuilding sheet metal worker, 1 building laborerelectriciancement masonsheet metal workerevieERSNP1STSKSLS2BECFSW2PrCraft Code1wColumn NumberHow to Use This 1.94eTable 2 Labor Costs Used in This BookinThe employer pays no taxes or insurance on thesebenefits.OnlColumn 6, the total hourly cost in dollars, is the sumof columns 1, 2, 4, and 5. The labor costs in Column6 were used to compute costs in the Labor colu