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CHAPTER IVRESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONThis chapter consists of research findings and discussion. The data taken inthis study are Type and function of noun phrase found in Percy Jackson and thesea of monster novel. Therefore, it describes only a few sentences that producesnoun phrase. The analysis of the study is based on the problems in chapter I.A. Research Findings1) The Type of Noun Phrase used in Percy Jackson And The Sea OfMonster NovelThis part of the study focused on the type of noun phrase in PercyJackson and the sea of Monster novel. There are seven type of nounphrase that found, they are:a. Common noun phrase1. Grover is a eorangNsatyrSatyr

43Grover as a Common noun phrase with the head alone.Common noun can serve as heads of phrases.1 Grover as asubject of this sentence and as a noun phrase because it can bethe head of a phrase. The meaning of this sentences is Groveradalah seorang Satyr.2. I stabbed Riptide against the boulder (Page: 209)SNPVPVNPNPPPrepNPDetIAkuNstabbed Riptide against the bouldermenikam riptide dengan itu batuThe word riptide is a common noun phrase, because riptidecan serve as heads of phrase, and can stand as an object of thesentence. Aku menikam batu itu dengan riptide1Baker C.L, English Syntax (second edition), Mitt Press, 1995, p 147

443. The whole middle school had read this book called Lord of theFliesNPNPPPrepLordNPDetNthefliesofThe phrase lord of the flies is a noun phrase, the commonnoun phrase consist of noun can serve as heads of phrase. lord ofthe flies consist of head noun followed by complement. lord as acommon noun and of the flies as a complement of this phrase.4. The Fleece brought prosperity to the land ( Page: 87)NPNPPPrepNPDetprosperitytokemakmuranuntukNthe landitu negeriThe phrase prosperity to the land is a noun phrase, thecommon noun phrase consist of noun can serve as heads ofphrase. Prosperity to the land consists of head noun followed by

45complement. Prosperity as a common noun and to the land as acomplement of this phrase. Bulu domba itu membawakemakmuran bagi negeri5. She was too busy jotting down notes to answer. (page: 170)NPNNotesCatatanPPPrepNtoansweruntukjawabThe phrase notes to answer is a noun phrase, the commonnoun phrase consist of noun can serve as heads of phrase. Notesto answer consists of head noun followed by complement. Notesas a common noun and to answer as a complement of thisphrase.wanita itu terlalu sibuk menuliskan catatan untuk memberikanjawaban.

46b. Noun phrase introduced by determiners and genitives1. He'd gone on this adventure with me and a girl namedAnnabeth to save the world.(page:1)NPDetNThisadventureInipetualangDia pernah menyertai petualangan ini bersamaku, lamatkan dunia.This adventure as a noun phrase introduce bydeterminer, the word “this” is determiner demonstrative and itis the category of determiner, adventure as the head of thisphrase.2. This Land is Mino’s Land (p:89)GenNPProper nounMinoGen-maker-„S

47Mino‟s land as a type of introduce by genitive and stand asa object of this sentence. Genitive is the traditional name for theconstruction in English that indicates possession, among otherthings. The general rule for forming genitives involves adding a"genitive marker" to a noun phrase. The marker -' is added to anoun phrase ending in the plural suffix -s.2 The word Mino‟sstart form proper noun and added by suffix –s.3.Luke’s voice was dangerously calm (page: 237)GenNPProper nounGen-maker-„SLukeLuke‟s voices as type of noun phrase introduce by genitiveand stand as a subject of this sentence. Genitive is the traditionalname for the construction in English that indicates possession,among other things. The general rule for forming genitivesinvolves adding a "genitive marker" to a noun phrase. Themarker -' is added to a noun phrase ending in the plural suffix s.3 The word Luke‟s start from proper noun and added by suffix–s.23Ibid 153Ibid 153

484. There were these two children of Zeus (page: nakNThese two children of Zeus as a noun phrase introduce bydeterminer, the word “these” is determiner demonstrative and itis the category of determiner. pada masa dahulu ada dua anakzeus5. He pounded those bronze bulls. (page: ngThese two children of Zeus as a noun phrase introduce bydeterminer, the word “these” is determiner demonstrative and it isthe category of determiner. Bulls are the head of this phrase. Diamenghabisi banteng-banteng perunggu itu.

496. That door also slammed shut. (page: 18)NPDetNThatdoorItupintuThat door as a noun phrase introduce by determiner, theword “these” is determiner demonstrative and it is the category ofdeterminer. Pintu itu juga terbanting menutup.7. Wind and ripped at the palm trees along the sidewalk. (page:1)NPDetTheItuNPNPNNpalmtreespalem pohon-pohonDetNThesidewalkItutrotoarNoun phrase “the palm trees” it is the type of noun phraseintroduce by determiner. “The” is category of centraldeterminer, because it is definite article. The palm trees as anobject of this sentence. Dera angin dan hujan mencabik-cabikderet pepohonan palem sepanjang trotoarThe palm trees deretan pepohonan palemThe sidewalk trotoar

508. The strawberry fields still baked in the sun (page: un phrase “the strawberry fields” it is the type of noun phraseintroduce by determiner. “The” is category of centraldeterminer, because it is definite article. the strawberry fields asa subject of this sentence. Ladang stroberinya masihterpanggang sinar mentari.The strawberry field ladang stroberinyac. Noun phrase introduced by quantity word1. Some campers waited in vain for it their whole lives (page:64)NPQuantSomeBeberapaCNCamperspekemahSome campers as a noun phrase introduced by quantityword. A noun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed bya common noun phrase. Some as a quantity word and campers

51as a noun. Beberapa pekemah menanti-nanti tak sabar akanmomen itu sepanjang hidup mereka.Some campers beberapa pekemah2. He pointed a crooked finger at several people in the audience(page: 93)NPQuantCNSeveralpeopleBeberapaorangSeveral people as a noun phrase introduced by quantityword. A noun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed bya common noun phrase. Several as quantity word and people asa noun. Dia menunjuk jemari bengkoknya pada beberapa orangyang menonton.Several people beberapa orang3. They will ask too many questions (page: 137)NPQuantCNManyquestionsBanyak pertanyaan

52Many questions as a noun phrase introduced by quantityword. A noun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed bya common noun phrase. Many as quantity word and question asa noun. Mereka akan mengajukan banyak pertanyaan.Many question banyak pertanyaan4. Nobody else seemed to be paying them much attention (page:78)NPQuantCNMuchattentionBanyakperhatianMuch attention as a noun phrase introduced by quantityword. A noun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed bya common noun phrase. Much as quantity word and attention asnoun. Tak ada seorangpun yang menaruh perhatian padamereka.Much attention perhatian

535. I'd even miss him snoring like an earthquake in the next bunk allnight. (page: 274)NPQuantCNallnightsemuamalamAll night as a noun phrase introduced by quantity word. Anoun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed by acommon noun phrase. The word all as quantity word and nightas noun. Aku bahkan akan merindukan dengkurannya yangbagai gempa bumi disebelah tempat tidurku sepanjang malam.All night sepanjang malam6. Each team will consist of a driver and a fighter (page:76)NPQuantCNeachteammasing-masing timEach team as a noun phrase introduced by quantity word. Anoun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed by acommon noun phrase. The word each as a quantity word andteam as a noun. Each team act as a subject of this sentence.

54Masing-masing tim terdiri dari satu pengemudi dan satupetarung.Each team masing-masing tim7.Every camper knew the story behind the tree (page: 47)NPQuantCNEverycamperSetiappekemahEvery camper as a noun phrase introduced by quantityword. A noun phrase can consist of a quantity word followed bya common noun phrase. Every as a quantity word and camper asa noun. Setiap pekemah tahu kisah dibalik pohon itu.Every camper setiap pekeamah.d. Bare noun phrase1. I had more dreams of Grover (page: verDreams of Grover is a bare noun phrase. The commonnoun phrase combines with some preceding word or phrase to

55make up a noun phrase.4A noun phrase can consist of pluralcommon noun phrase. Aku bermimpi lagi tentang grover.2. Tons of heroes have searched for it with no luck. (page: 87)NPNPPPrepNTonsofheroesTondaripahlawanTons of heroes is a bare noun phrase and as a subject ofthis sentence. The common noun phrase combines with somepreceding word or phrase to make up a noun phrase.5A nounphrase can consist of plural common noun phrase. Sudah banyaksekali pahlawan yang mencarinya tanpa hasil.Tons of heroes banyak pahlawan-pahlawan45Ibid 160Ibid 160

563. The table was loaded with food pizza boxes, bottles of soda, anda stack of roast beef sandwiches on a silver platter. (page: les of soda is a bare noun phrase and as an object ofthis sentence. The common noun phrase combines with somepreceding word or phrase to make up a noun phrase.6A nounphrase can consist of plural common noun phrase. Meja itudipenuhi dengan makanan kotak-kotak pizza, botol-botol soda,dan setumpuk roti isi daging panggang dipiring perakBottles of soda botol-botol sodae. Noun phrase introduced by a or an1. A storm was blowing. (page: 1)NPArticleCNAstormSebuah6Ibid 160badai

57A storm as a noun phrase introduced by A.it is thecategory of central determiner, because A included subclasses ofcentral determiner, that is indefinite article. A noun phrase canconsist of the indefinite article plus a common noun phrase.2. A tattered veil covered his face (page: ltudung/kerudungA tattered veil as a subject and noun phrase introduced byA. it is the category of central determiner, because A includedsubclasses of central determiner, that is indefinite article. A nounphrase can consist of the indefinite article plus adjective andnoun. Sebuah tudung yang koyak menutupi wajahnya.3. It swatted aside a street lamp (page: 2)NPArticleNounNounAstreetlampSebuahjalanlampu

58A street lamp as an object and noun phrase introduced byA. it is the category of central determiner, because A includedsubclasses of central determiner, that is indefinite article. A nounphrase can consist of the indefinite article plus noun. Ia memukulsatu lampu jalan.A street lamp satu lampu jalan4. A bone rattling growl cut through the storm (page: htulangberderik-derikgeramA bone rattling growl as a subjectand noun phraseintroduced by A. it is the category of central determiner, becauseA included subclasses of central determiner, that is indefinitearticle. A noun phrase can consist of the indefinite article plusnoun plus verb-ing and noun. suara geraman yang mengerikanmembelah badai.A bone rattling growl suara geraman yang mengerikan

595. He dove behind a rack of wedding dresses ressesdaripengantinpakaianA rack of wedding dress as an object and noun phraseintroduced by A. it is the category of central determiner, becauseA included subclasses of central determiner, that is indefinitearticle. A noun phrase can consist of the indefinite article plusnoun, preposition phrase and noun. Dia bersembunyi dibalik rakyang penuh gaun pengantin.6. A lot of monsters have terrible eyesight. (page: 143)NPDetNPNPPPrepNPNASebuahlotofkumpulan darimonstersmonster-monster

60A lot of monsters as a subject and noun phrase introducedby A. it is the category of central determiner, because A includedsubclasses of central determiner, that is indefinite article. A nounphrase can consist of the indefinite article plus noun, prepositionphrase and noun. Banyak monster yang memiliki penglihatanburuk.A lot of mosters banyak monster7. Annabeth scrapped a plateful of death bird bones into the lava.(page: 86)NPDetNPNPPPrepNPNNPNAplatefulSebuahofdeath birdNbonessepiring penuh dari kematian burung tulang-tulangA plateful of death bird bones as an object and noun phraseintroduced by A. it is the category of central determiner, becauseA included subclasses of central determiner, that is indefinitearticle. A noun phrase can consist of the indefinite article plus

61noun, preposition phrase and noun.annabeth membersihkansepiring penuh tulang bangkai burung kedalam laharA plateful of death bird bones sepiring penuh tulangbangkai burung8. He could find an appropriate monster to protect the Fleece.(page: ortepatmonsterAn appropriate monster as an object and noun phraseintroduced by An.it is the category of central determiner,because An included subclasses of central determiner, that isindefinite article. A noun phrase can consist of the indefinitearticle “An” plus noun, adjective and noun. Dia bisa menemukanmonster yang cocok untuk melindungi bulu domba itu.An appropriate monster monster yang cocok

629. One of the Hydra heads spat an arc of green liquid that shot pastmy shoulder and splashed against an elm.NPDetNPNPPPrepNPNAnSebuaharcofmemancarkan dariNgreenliquidhijaucairanAn arc of green liquid as an object and noun phraseintroduced by An.It is the category of central determiner,because the word An included subclasses of central determiner,that is indefinite article. A noun phrase can consist of theindefinite article “An” plus noun, prepositional phrase and noun.Salah satu dari kepala hydra itu meludahkan lengkungan cairanhijau yang melesat melewati bahuku dan muncart ke pohon elm.An arc of green liquid cairan hijau yang melesat

63NPArticleNAnelmSebuahelmAn elm as an object and noun phrase introduced by An. Itis the category of central determiner, because the word Anincluded subclasses of central determiner, that is indefinite article.A noun phrase can consist of the indefinite article “An” plusnoun.An elm pohon elmf. A special possibility for proper nouns1. We were just passing a smoking Volcano island (page:187)SNPVPLVNADVPAdvVPVNPDetNPNNPNWewere just passingNa smoking Volcano island

64Kami baru melewati pulau dengan gunung api yang mengepulkan asap.Volcano gunung apig. Some special combined forms1. Someone had poisoned it.NPQuantCNPSomeoneBeberapasatuSomeone as a subject of this sentence and the type of nounphrase some special combined forms. Some special Englishwords that are interpreted as a combination of a quantity word anda noun, The four English quantity words that can serve as the firstelement in these combinations are some, any, no, and every. Thefour noun-like stems to which they can be attached are -one, body, -thing, and -where. The first two of these (-one and -body)denote human entities, -thing denotes a nonhuman entity, and where denotes a place and is used to form locative and motionphrases.7This sentence start forms the word some and one.Seseorang telah meracuninya.Someone seseorang7Ibid 167

652. Mr. D had to punish someone (page: 51)NPQuantCNPSomeoneBeberapasatuSomeone as an object of this sentence and the type of nounphrase some special combined forms. Some special Englishwords that are interpreted as a combination of a quantity word anda noun, The four English quantity words that can serve as the firstelement in these combinations are some, any, no, and every. Thefour noun-like stems to which they can be attached are -one, body, -thing, and -where. The first two of these (-one and -body)denote human entities, -thing denotes a nonhuman entity, and where denotes a place and is used to form locative and motion8phrases. This sentence start forms the word some and one. Pak Dharus menghukum seseorang.Someone seseorang8Ibid 167

663. I had to do something ( page: 21)NPQuantCNPSomethingBeberapabendaSomething as an object of this sentence and the type ofnoun phrase some special combined forms. Some special Englishwords that are interpreted as a combination of a quantity word anda noun, The four English quantity words that can serve as the firstelement in these combinations are some, any, no, and every. Thefour noun-like stems to which they can be attached are -one, body, -thing, and -where. The first two of these (-one and -body)denote human entities, -thing denotes a nonhuman entity, and where denotes a place and is used to form locative and motion9phrases. This sentence start forms the word some and thing. Akuharus melakukan sesuatuSomething sesuatu.9Ibid 167

674. Something nagged at the back of my mind (page: 175)NPQuantCNPSomethingBeberapabendaSomething as a subject of this sentence and the type ofnoun phrase some special combined forms. Some special Englishwords that are interpreted as a combination of a quantity word anda noun, The four English quantity words that can serve as the firstelement in these combinations are some, any, no, and every. Thefour noun-like stems to which they can be attached are -one, body, -thing, and -where. The first two of these (-one and -body)denote human entities, -thing denotes a nonhuman entity, and where denotes a place and is used to form locative and motionphrases.10This sentence start forms the word some and thing.Sesuatu mengusik pikiranku.Something sesuatu10Ibid 167

685. Everyone get below (page: 162)NPQuantCNPEveryoneSetiapsatuEveryone as a subject of this sentence and the type of nounphrase some special combined forms. Some special Englishwords that are interpreted as a combination of a quantity word anda noun, The four English quantity words that can serve as the firstelement in these combinations are some, any, no, and every. Thefour noun-like stems to which they can be attached are -one, body, -thing, and -where. The first two of these (-one and -body)denote human entities, -thing denotes a nonhuman entity, and where denotes a place and is used to form locative and motionphrases.11This sentence start forms the word every and one.Semua orang pergi kebawahEveryone tiap orang/ semua orang11Ibid 167

696. I didn't want to eat anything served by ghosts (page: 149)NPQuantCNPAnythingApa sajabendaAnything as a subject of this sentence and the type of nounphrase some special combined forms. Some special Englishwords that arye interpreted as a combination of a quantity wordand a noun, The four English quantity words that can serve as thefirst element in these combinations are some, any, no, and every.The four noun-like stems to which they can be attached are -one, body, -thing, and -where. The first two of these (-one and -body)denote human entities, -thing denotes a nonhuman entity, and where denotes a place and is used to form locative and motionphrases.12This sentence start forms the word any and thing. Akutak ingin makan apapun yang disuguhi para hantu.Anything apa saja.2) The Function of Noun Phrase used in Percy Jackson and The Sea ofMonster NovelThere are eight function of noun phrase that found on PercyJackson and the Sea of Monster novel.12Ibid 167

70a. As subjectSnpDvpNVPPNPNPNPPPNPDThe monster shadow passed in front of the shop(page: 2)The sentence above composed of noun phrase and verb phrase. Themonster shadow is noun phrase as subject. A subject is a word, phrase, orclause performs the action which of or acts upon the verb. This noun phrasewas preceded by word “the” a word traditionally referred to as definitearticle. Passed in front of the shop is a verb phrase. Bayangan ,monstermelewati depan