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Answer Key for Activities in American History IILesson 1 – Prelude to War: A Review of Slavery and SectionalismActivity 1How can a slave-holding judge render an unbiased opinion on Dred Scott?Answers will vary. However, Judge Taney definitely had a conflict of interest! As a slaveholding judge, it is difficult to see how he could have been an unbiased judge in his ruling!Activity 21. 1846-18482. 18503. 18584. 18575. 18206. 18607. 16198. 18339. 184610. 186011. 1854 - 186012. 185613. 185914. 1854Activity 31. Fillmore2. Douglas3. Wilmot4. Buchanan5. Pierce6. Lee7. Clay8. Taney9. Fremont10. Lincoln11. Scott12. BreckinridgeLesson 2 – The American Civil War: Part 1Activity 1 – If the Crittenden amendment had been adopted, any new state north of the 36.5latitudinal line, as outlined in the Missouri Compromise of 1820, would be a free state and anyland south of that line would be slave states. However, in the Dred Scott ruling, the MissouriCompromise of 1820 was ruled unconstitutional and was no longer a law! One could also arguethat “Congress had no right to prohibit slavery in any territory making the Crittendenamendment unconstitutional!Activity 2 - Probably the Civil War would have been averted, unless the South wanted toexpand slavery to newly acquired western lands.Activity 3 - Answers will vary. I cannot think of any glory associated with being blown up by acannon shell or perforated with bullet holes.Page1. The Anaconda Plan was the North’s strategy to impose a naval blockade on all Southern portsto squeeze the economic life out of the Confederacy.1Activity 4Penns Valley Publishers 2017

2. The Crittenden Plan was a Congressional amendment to extend the latitudinal dividing linebetween free and slave states all the way to the Pacific Ocean.3. Corwin’s Amendment would have prevented Congress from making any amendment thatwould prohibit slavery.4. T5. F6. F7. F8. T9. T10. FLesson 3 – The American Civil War: Part 2Activity 1The places are filled in by the number. Erratum – Two places were reversed – number 5 isManassas and number 10 is Appomattox Court House.Activity 2 - Note: There is room for six battles so as long as six battles are listed in sequentialorder, I would give credit unless you give directions otherwise.July 21, 1861 – Bull Run or ManassasMarch 8-9, 1862 – Battle of the IroncladsApril 6-7, 1862 – Shiloh or Pittsburg LandingSeptember 17, 1862 – Battle at Antietam or Battle of Sharpsburg1863 – Battle and Siege of VicksburgMay 1863 – Battle of Chancellorsville (does not need to be listed)July 1-3, 1863 – Battle of Gettysburg1864 – Sherman’s March to the Sea (does not need to be listed)April 9, 1865 – Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House (does not need to be listed)Activity 31. Jackson2. McDowell3. Johnston4. Lincoln5. Davis6. Buell7. Lee8. Grant9. McClellan10. Beauregard11. LongstreetPenns Valley Publishers 2017PageActivity 1 – Answers will vary. I actually ran the “charge” on a 90-degree day in July right atthe battle site minus, of course, the wool suit, cannon shells, and flying bullets. Quite anexperience! One would be exhausted after running that distance in that kind of heat.2Lesson 4 – The American Civil War: Part 3

Activity 2 – 409,200 died from diseases – an estimated figureActivity 3Battle of Vicksburg 7, 9, 12, 13, 16Gettysburg Address 20Appomattox Court House 4, 11, 158. Lee9. Pemberton10. Sherman11. Grant12. Farragut13. Grant14. Sherman15.16.17.18.19.20.21.Battle of Gettysburg 1, 3, 6, 8, 17, 21Sherman’s March to the Sea 10, 14, 18, 19Medical Treatment in the Civil War 2, 5LeeGrantPickettShermanShermanLincolnCusterLesson 5 – The Pangs of Rebuilding, Reconstructing and Renewingour NationActivity 1 – Speaker of the HouseActivity 2A. 3B. 5C. 6D. 1E. 7F. 4G. 2Activity 31. Bruce2. Sumner or Stevens3. Lincoln4. item missing5. Revels6. Davis7. Booth8. Stevens or Sumner9. Grant10. JohnsonActivity 21. C2. Stanford2. K3. Custer3. F4. Bryan4. H5. Comstock5. A6. McKinley6. I7. Cleveland7. B8. Harrison8. J9. Deere9. E10. D11. GPenns Valley Publishers 2017PageActivity 11. Kelley3Lesson 6 – Western Frontier Challenges: Settling the West

Lesson 7 - Western Frontier Challenges: Native American StrugglesActivity 11. DawesActivity 41. H2. Black Kettle2. A3. Crazy Horse3. D4. Jackson4. C5. Chivington5. J6. Fetterman6. G7. Cleveland7. B8. Cochise8. E9. Red Cloud9. I10. Oakley10. FActivity 2 – Answers will vary.Activity 3The land was unsuitable forfarming; most Indians had nodesire to farm; the law strippedaway tribal identity and customs;most Indians could not afford theequipment, seed, fertilizer andanimals needed for farming.11. Custer12. Sitting Bull13. Geronimo14. Chief Joseph15. CodyLesson 8 – The Age of Big Business: RailroadsActivity 1Answers will vary. Coal would burn hotter and not give off the ashes that wood did.Promontory Summit, UtahActivity 2 – Answers will vary. I have provided suggested answers. Students candefend their answersBaldwin – CI; Hill – B;Huntington – B;Janney – CI; Pullman – CI; Stanford –B;Vanderbilt -B;Westinghouse – CI Note: Those with a B designation could beRBsPenns Valley Publishers 2017PageActivity 1Note: Add two more questions to this activity. # 1 can be answered from the content in the text;# 2 can be answered by searching on-line because it is in the Archdiocese’s Curriculum Guide.1. What was the Homestead Strike of 1892? A strike erupted by steelworkers over a4Lesson 9 - The Age of Big Business: Business and Labor

pay cut that escalated into violence when the owners brought in Pinkerton detectives.2. What was the Haymarket Square Riot of 1886? The riot was a peaceful protest ofpolice brutality in Chicago until someone through a bomb in the crowd.1. What was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? Workers went on strike over pay cutsand the strike expanded and turned violent throughout the country.2. What was the Pullman Strike of 1894? Pullman cut the wages of his workers by onethird resulting in a strike and shutdown of the nation’s railway system.3. What was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire? A fire in a sweatshop factory inwhich the escape routes were locked resulting in the deaths of 146 immigrant workers.4. What was the Johnstown Flood of 1889? A dam broke and the waters crashed intothe city of Johnstown causing over 2,200 deaths and the destruction of factories.5. Who were the Molly Maguires? They were a group of coal miners in the anthraciteregion of Pennsylvania who attempted to improve the working conditions of miners.Activity 3Activity 21. Kier2. DebsA. Explain one example of vertical3. Drakeintegration. When Carnegie brought Frick4. Powderlyin as a partner, he brought in a supply of5. Bartoncoke for his steel production. This is vertical6. Taftintegration.7. FrickB. Explain one example of horizontal8. Jonesintegration. With Rockefeller controlling9. Carnegiealmost all aspects of oil refining (Standard10. HaywoodOil Company), this is an example of11. Bessemerhorizontal integration. Companies that12. McKinleywere ruled as monopolies really employed13. Rockefellerhorizontal integration tactics.14. Gompers15. MorganPage516. RooseveltPenns Valley Publishers 2017

Lesson 10 - The Age of Big Business: InventionsActivity 11.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.HoweMarconiWrightMackHenry FordPitcairn or John aRoeblingHallBenzEdisonTeslaFieldOldJohn Ford or PitcairnActivity 21. What was the Centennial Exhibition? It was a celebration of 100 years for our country inwhich many inventions were showcased.2. How does an assembly line allow a company to make a product faster? A person with oneskill to perform makes its production go faster.3. In what product was wire rope used? mostly bridges (and aqueducts)4. What was the kinetoscope? a device that was used to show early motion pictures5. Give one example of vertical or horizontal integration from this lesson. Swift’s meat packingbusiness represented vertical integration. I would accept Ma Bell but I suspect there wasvertical integration involved in its business model as well.Lesson 11 - Becoming an Urban NationActivity 1According to migration theory, the Native Americans originally emigrated from Asia, so they,too, would be considered immigrants!G.H.I.J.K.541123Page6Activity 2A. 8B. 7C. 6D. 10E. 1F. 9Penns Valley Publishers 2017

Lesson 12 – The Progressive Era: Reform, and More ReformActivity 116th Amendment9Clayton &Sherman 1Jim Crow laws15referendum 1017th Amendment7direct primaryelection 13muckraking 2018th Amendment2Federal ReserveAct 17NAACP 4secret ballot 18socialism 319th Amendment16Federal TradeCommission 6patronagesystem 11trust-busting14Civil Service Act12initiative 19recall 8Wisconsin Idea 5Lesson 13 – Our Nation Acquires ImperialismActivity 1What do you think gunship diplomacy means? It means to use your naval guns to bring abouta treaty, if necessary.Activity 2 – What was so ironic about the U.S. cozying up to the Chinese for their trade? Hint– Review the Chinese Immigration Act of 1882.The Immigration Act of 1882 barred Chinese laborers from entering the U.S., yet our nationwanted to increase trade with the Chinese.Activity 3 – The rising U.S. debt is currently approaching 20 trillion. In reference to theRoosevelt Corollary, what is the irony here? The U.S. was policing Caribbean nations thatcould not control their debt, and the U.S. now has a debt it cannot control.Activity 41. K2. A3. F4. L5. E6. D7. I8. H9. B10. G11. J12. C6. G7. A8. F9. C10. IPageActivity 1 – What is your opinion? Answers will vary.Activity 2Activity 31. Hay5. Miles1. H2. Roosevelt6. Pulitzer2. E3. Hearst7. Dewey3. B4. Aguinaldo8. Mahan4. J5. D7Lesson 14 – The Spanish-American and Philippine-American WarsPenns Valley Publishers 2017

Activity 41. General Miles’ invasion2. Rough Riders3. Battle of San Juan Hill4. Battle of Manila Bay5. Battle of Santiago6. USS Maine7. Guerrilla warfare8. Spanish-American WarCuba 2, 3, 5, 6, 8Philippines 4, 7, 8Puerto Rico 1, 8Lesson 15 – World War I: Europe Goes to WarActivity 1Allied PowersCentral PowersFranceGermanyGreat BritainAustria-HungaryRussiaOttoman Empire (Turkey)SerbiaBulgaria (1915)Italy (1915)JapanUnited States (1917)Activity 21. poison gas2. flamethrower3. zeppelins4. fighter squadrons5. long rangebombers6. aircraft carriers7. tanks8. submarinesActivity 31. Name three main countries who fought for the Central Powers in WWI.Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey/Ottoman Empire2. Name three main countries who fought for the Allied Powers.Great Britain, France, and Russia/United States3. Name 4 factors that contributed to the start of World War I.alliances, nationalism, imperialism, and militarism4. What event led directly to the start of World War I.assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary5. Who was the last leader of imperial Russia? Czar Nicholas II8. A major battle strategy of World War I was trench warfarePenns Valley Publishers 2017Page7. What battle stopped the Germans from capturing Paris? Marne86. What was another name for the Red Army of Russia? Bolsheviks

9. What battle was designed to “bleed France white.?” Verdun10. What was the main result of the Treaty of Brest-Litvosk?to remove Russia from the Allies11. Who was the leader of the Red Army? Lenin12. What was the main purpose of the Gallipoli Battle? knock Turkey out of the warLesson 16 – America’s Road to World War IActivity 11. 1,2002. Answers will vary.Activity 2Sinking of Lusitania, Zimmermann telegram, and German unrestricted submarine warfareActivity 3Hopefully, students realize that these media had not been invented as of World War I. They wereinvented in the 1920s.Activity 4Erratum: The directions for the activity state that two names will not be used. All names areused!1. Wilson6. Creel2. Foch7. Pershing3. Wilhelm8. Zimmermann4. Rankin9. Baruch5. Debs10. HooverActivity 5 – Answers will vary.Activity 68. convoy system2. liberty bond9. munitions3. dissent10. deploy4. armistice11. isolationism5. cryptanalysis12. sedition6. neutrality13. espionage7. sabotage14. censorshipPage91. pacifistPenns Valley Publishers 2017

Lesson 17 – The Aftermath of World War IActivity 1 - Answers will vary. I suspect that most students will feel Germany was not responsible forthe outbreak of WWI, but that nation sure did propel other nations into war by its aggressive tactics!Activity 21. D U.S. Senate rejects Treaty of VersaillesA. January 8, 19182. C Germany signs the Treaty of VersaillesB. November 11, 19183. E Treaty of BerlinC. June 28, 19194. A Wilson’s 14 Points presented to CongressD. March 19, 19205. B Germany signs armisticeE. November 11, 1921Activity 31. Use at least three words to describe the prevailing mood of the diplomats whoconstructed the Versailles Treaty.angry, revengeful, uncharitable, vicious, answers will vary.2. Identify three major concepts of Wilson’s 14 Points proposal for world peace.Countries should form a League of Nations to resolve differences; countries must reduce their weaponsand armed forces; ethnic groups should be allowed self-determination; countries must not form secretalliances.3. Why did Italy play a minor role at the Paris peace conference in 1919? Because, it wasoriginally part of the Central Powers.4. What was the “war guilt clause?” Germany accepts full responsibility for the damage caused byGermany and its allies during the war.5. What was the major concern about the war reparations assessed Germany?That the amount of war reparations was too high for Germany’s economy to handle6. How did Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria wind up paying for the war?The land that was ceded or stripped away from them was used in exchange for war damages.7. Who cancelled war reparation payments for Germany? Adolph Hitler8. Name at least three new countries created after WWI. Czechoslovakia, Finland,Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Yugoslavia, Poland, Austria, Hungary9. Who were the irreconcilables? A group of U.S. Senators who were adamantly opposed to ratifyingPage10. What was the name of the treaty that ended WWI? Treaty of Versailles10the Treaty of VersaillesPenns Valley Publishers 2017

Lesson 18 – The Roaring TwentiesActivity 1 - Answers will vary.Activity 2 - Answers will vary. The premise was, if people could not make, move, or sell alcohol, therewould be no alcohol to drink.Activity 3 - Answers will vary. Many jobs were related to the manufacture, moving, and selling ofalcohol. Those jobs vanished with the passage of the 18th AmendmentActivity 4 - Answers will vary. Personally, I cannot! Very, very, risky! It would be like finding “aneedle in a haystack.”Activity 51. Harding6. Capone11. Scopes2. Fall7. Ferguson12. Ross3. Coolidge8. Ford13. J. Edgar Hoover4. Earhart9. Herbert Hoover14. Pinchot5. Cox10. Palmer15. LindberghActivity 61. ACLU6. WDC2. KKK7. Ohio Gang3. 18 Amendment8. 21st Amendment4. Red Scare9. SMC5. 19th Amendment10. TDSthLesson 19 – The Great DepressionPage11Activity 1 – Answers inside the oblong circles are:1. too many bank loans2. international unpaid debt of nations3. installment buying (unable to pay for items)4. uneven distribution of wealth5. overproduction of industrial products6. high tariffs on imported products cut international trade7. lowered prices on farm food (lower profits for farmers)Penns Valley Publishers 2017

Activity 2 – Note: It is possible that a cause could be an effect, such as businesses failed!CausesEffectsuneven distribution of wealthlowered circulation of moneyoversupply of food commoditieslower prices on farm foodhigher tariffs on imported goodslessened international tradetoo many loans for homes and businessesbanks failedinstallment buyingconsumers unable to pay for itemsoverproduction of industrial productsbusinesses failedlowered business profitsworkers became unemployedLesson 20 – President Roosevelt’s New DealActivity 1 – Answers will vary.Activity 2 – Answers will vary.Activity 31. Roosevelt5. Landon2. Hopkins6. Long3. Ickes7. Perkins4. Bethune8. CoughlinLesson 21 – Rise of Totalitarian Governments in the WorldActivity 1 – Answers will vary.Activity 2 – It would certainly seem presumptuous so early in the war and England in such direstraits!11. Lenin12. Goring, if addedActivity 41. Answers are contained in the Teacher’s Guide on p. 31.Penns Valley Publishers 2017126. Einstein7. Truman8. Churchill9. Mussolini10. TojoPageActivity 31. Hirohito2. Stalin3. Chamberlain4. Marx5. Hitler

Lesson 22 – World War II: The War in EuropeActivity 1 - Blitzkrieg depended upon mechanized warfare and speed. WWI got bogged down intrench warfare.Activity 2 – Answers will vary.Activity 3 – September 3, 1943Activity 41. McAuliffe2. Eisenhower3. Rommel4. Himmler5.6.7.8.HitlerMussoliniGoring (he is not in the content but students should know him)PattonActivity 51. September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland2. Summer 1940 Battle of Britain3. September 7, 1940 London Blitz4. September 13, 1940 Mussolini invades Egypt5. October 1940 Mussolini invades Greece6. February 1941 Rommel sent to North Africa7. June 22, 1941 Hitler invades Russia8. July 4, 1943 Tank Battle at Kursk9. July 9, 1943 Allies invade Sicily10. September 1943Allies invade mainland Italy11. June 6, 1944 D-Day in Europe12. December 1944Battle of the Bulge13. April 28, 1945 Mussolini shot by Italian partisans14. April 30, 1945 Hitler commits suicide in bunker15. May 8, 1945 V-E Day in EuropeActivity 61. Hitler distrusted Stalin, 2. Hitler hated communism, 3. oil fields in Caucasus Mountains, 4. SlavicPage13people were inferior, 5. only place left to conquer in EuropePenns Valley Publishers 2017

Lesson 23 – World War II: The War in the PacificActivity 1Island baseIsland ChainDate of InvasionBougainvilleSolomon IslandsNovember 1, 1943TarawaGilbert IslandsNovember 20, 1943KwajaleinMarshall IslandsJanuary 31, 1944SaipanMariana IslandsJune 15, 1944TinianMariana IslandsJuly 24, 1944PeleliuPalau IslandsSeptember 15, 1944Iwo JimaJapanese IslandsFebruary 19, 1945OkinawaJapanese IslandsApril 1, 1945Activity 2 - Answers will vary. This issue is debated to this day because President Truman’sdecision was so controversial.Activity 31. Groves8. Wainwright2. Yamamoto9. Nagumo3. MacArthur10. Halsey (Nimitz or MacArthur would be correct as well)4. Doolittle11. Tibbets5. Truman12. Oppenheimer6. Fermi13. Einstein7. NimitzLesson 24 – World War II: The Home FrontActivity 1DBHE1. B Rosie the Riveter2. F detention centers3. A the draft4. E war bonds5. B WASPs, WACs, WAVES6. C coupon books7. F Fort Ontario8. E victory taxPenns Valley Publishers 20179. A men ages 18-4410. C or D scrap metal drives11. D distributing scarce resources33.12. C A, B, and C stickers13. E celebrities and war heroes14. D controlled all multi-media releases15. F 442 Regimental Combat Unit145.6.7.8.Page1. C2. G3. A4. FActivity 2

Lesson 25 – The Aftermath of World War IIActivity 1 - Answer will vary. In the author’s opinion, NO! France needed to be liberated anddid relatively little in defeating the Nazis as compared to Great Britain, the U.S., and theU.S.S.R.Activity 2 - This is a very thorny problem. Opinions are not right or wrong and that aspectshould be emphasized. The facts are presented, but some people become very emotional over theissue.Activity 31. C11. C2. D12. A3. E13. F4. E14. D5. A15. C6. D16. A7. F17. C8. B18. B9. A19. C10. A20. ALesson 26 – Cold War Tensions in EuropeActivity 1 – Answers will vary. Possibly, Stalin did not think the Allies could supply theBerliners. It’s also possibly he knew that action would lead to war.Activity 21. Eisenhower6. Khrushchev2. Stalin7. Castro3. Nasser8. Marshall4. von Braun9. TrumanPage155. ChurchillPenns Valley Publishers 2017

Lesson 27 – The Cold War in Asia Heats UpActivity 1 – Answers will vary. At this point in time, it does not look possible.Activity 21. Minh5. Truman2. Dulles6. Zedong3. Walker7. MacArthur4. Kai-shek8. RidgwayAc