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Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture &Storage ProjectEliminating CO2 Emissions from the Production ofBio Fuels - A ‘Green’ Carbon ProcessEnvisioning a Carbon Negative Economy WorkshopSeptember 5, 2014Scott McDonaldBiofuels Development [email protected]

Acknowledgements The Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (ICCS) project isadministered by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energyand managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (awardnumber DE-FE-0001547) and by a cost share agreement with the ArcherDaniels Midland Company, University of Illinois through the IllinoisState Geological Survey, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and RichlandCommunity College. This ICCS project received DOE funding from theAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ( 141.4 million). The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium is funded by the U.S.Department of Energy through the National Energy TechnologyLaboratory via the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program(contract number DE-FC26-05NT42588) and by a cost share agreementwith the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity,Office of Coal Development through the Illinois Clean Coal Institute. The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) is acollaboration led by the geological surveys of Illinois, Indiana, andKentuckyARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

ADM Company ProfileCore PurposeConnecting the harvest to the home and transforming crops intoproducts that serve vital needs for food and energy.Key Facts FacilitiesOver 700 with sales in 140 Countries FY 2013 Net Sales: 90 billion Employees:31,000Processing 74,000 MTD of corn 164,000 MTD of oilseeds 28,000 MTD of wheat 1,800 MTD of cocoaLogistics 27,400 Rail carsSourcing facilitiesOilseed processing 2,500 BargesCorn processingCocoa & wheat processing 600 Trucks – 1,300 TrailersWilmar 52 Oceangoing vesselsSourcing distributionProcessing distributionARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Illinois Basin Decatur Project (IBDP)Program ObjectiveLarge scale geologic test to inject 1.0million tons of CO2 over a three yearperiod (1,000 MT/day).Project Team MembersKnowledge Base-Site Geological CharacterizationRisk Assessment & ReservoirModelingEngineering Design & MVABreaking ground foranthropogenic CO2 storage in asaline reservoir using cuttingedge storage technologyARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Illinois Industrial CCS Project (IL-ICCS)Program Objectives-Target & Demonstrate AdvancedCCS Technologies at Industrial ScaleFacilitiesInject and Store One Million Tons ofCO2 Annually (3,000 tons/day)Project Team MembersKnowledge Base-Site Geological CharacterizationRisk Assessment & ReservoirModelingEngineering Design & MVAEducation and Public OutreachStudy the interaction between theCO2 plumes from two injectionwells within the same formation.ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Project Process Flow DiagramReciprocatingCompressors (3250 HP)4 Stages with IntercoolersCentrifugalBlower(3000 HP)CO2CO2P 3524-in line1500-ftCO2 4 Stage DischargeCO2 P 1425DehydratedCO2 to4th StageTri-ethylene GlycolDehydration UnitCO2Contactor3rd StageDischargeCO2 P 590WaterWet CO2 GlycolRegeneratorReturnDry GlycolCO2 Sequestration 7,000 ft. depth inMt. Simon SandstoneSupercritical CO28-in, 1-mile Pipeline2500-3000 MTPDM 0.005Injection WellP set by permit(estimate 2300)Primary Source ofDrinking Water(D 140)New Albany Shale(D 2000, T 120):Tertiary SealMaquoketaShale(D 2600, T 200):Secondary SealSt. Peter SandstoneLower Most USDW(D 4000)Eau Claire Shale(D 5000, T 500):Primary SealMt. SimonSandstone(D 5500, T 1600):Saline ReservoirPre-Cambrian Granite(D 7200)ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Site SelectionRegional Geologic Characterization Cratonic basin 60,000 square mile area Structurally complex to thesouth with faulting andseismicity ADM Decatur facility is locatednear the center of this geologicformation Estimated CO2 storage capacitybetween 27 to 109 billion metrictonsADMARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Site CharacterizationSeismic AcquisitionARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Site CharacterizationEvaluation of the Decatur Site The ADM site hasexcellent features forCO2 storageHigh purity source ofCO2Thick permeableformation for storage.Porosity 20% andpermeability 26 mDFormation depthThick seal with noresolvable faultingAdditional sealformationsNo local penetrationsof the primary sealformationLow populationdensityTop: Eau ClaireTop: Mt. SimonTop: Higherporosity zonewithin the Mt.SimonChannelproduced with PetrelARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Test Well ConstructionARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Coring and Well LoggingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Core Analysis ResultsARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

VW2: Petrophysical Analysisand Completion PlanMiddle Mt SimonCompared to PetrophysicalAnalysis Zones of Interest Mount Simon (Upper, Middle, Lower) Pre Mount Simon Weathered PreCambrian Pre Cambrian Basement IC zones 1,2,3 in lowerMt Simon IC zones 4,5 in upperMt SimonCCS2 injectintervalCCS1 injectintervalLower Mt SimonPre Mt SimonWeathered PCPCResistivity Porosity Permeability Porosity Lithology Pore Size NMR T2ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Geophysical ModelingARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Site PermittingUSEPA: UIC Class VI Permit1st UIC Class VIPermit ApplicationReviewed by theUSEPA UIC Class VI permitapplication submitted onJuly 25, 2011. US EPA Region V issued adraft permit on April 15,2014. Public hearing conducted onMay 21, 2014. Public Comment Periodconcluded May 31, 2014. Expect the final permit inSeptember 2014.ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Environmental Monitoring (MVA)Conceptual FrameworkNear SurfaceSoil and Vadose ZoneAerial ImagerySoil CO2 sSeismicMonitoringP MonitoringGeophysicalSurveysGeochemicalsamplingP/T MonitoringARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Environmental MonitoringNear Surface Monitoring Near infrared aerial imagery willbe used to evaluate plant stressSoil resistivity characterizedshallow depths for identificationof optimum GWM locationsGWM for baseline conditions andoperational surveillanceSurface soil CO2 flux monitoringARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Environmental MonitoringDeep Subsurface Monitoring CCS#2 T/P monitoring Distributed TempSensor VM#2 Westbay system Multi-level samplingports reservoir fluidcollection and T/Pmonitoring GM#2 has 31 sensorarray Pressure sensor tomonitor above the seal Allow offset orwalkaway VerticalSeismic Profile (VSP) Well logging (RST)ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Deep Seismic Monitoring 3 Geophones in CCS124 Active Geophones in GM1Monitoring Started May 2010Geoware LTD is processing dataSCS analyzing resultsProcessing of pre-injection dataPlan viewARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Deep Seismic Monitoring“Slim Wave” Retrievable GeophonesARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Seismic Monitoring Data800Frequency of Detected Events/ 1/27/123/7/13ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Construction - CompressionARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Construction - DehydrationARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Construction - CollectionARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Construction – Transfer Line24” Low Pressure CO2 Transfer LineARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Construction – Transmission LineARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

CO2 Based Chemicals Carbonates Glycerol Carbonate Propylene Carbonate Dimethyl Carbonate Fertilizers Alcohols Fuels Acids OthersTransformation of Carbon Dioxide, Sakakura, Choi, & Yasuda, 2007ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Enhanced Oil ProductionARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Illinois Basin PotentialADM Plants10,000 TPD Illinois Basin - Oil Producing Region Est. Recoverable Oil 700 million bbls(1) Est. CO2 Requirements 150 million tons(1) BASIN ORIENTED STRATEGIES FOR CO2 ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY: ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN BASIN OF ILLINOIS, INDIANA,KENTUCKY AND MICHIGAN; Advanced Resources International, February 2006ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Future Commercial Potential Direct Application EOR CO2 Liquids Product Development CO2 Based Chemicals Process Development SC Extraction Solvent Applications Carbon Management Storage Trading & RiskManagementARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Environmental and Cost BenefitsGHG Reduction & Fuel LCA Reduction in site’s CO2emissions. Process has a GHGreduction efficiency of94% based on usingMidwest electricity gridaverage. Reduction of the carbonfootprint of fuel ethanol. The operational expenseis significantly lowerthan other forms of CO2capture. 15 billion gallonsannually, representsabout 40 million metrictons of CO2.ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY

Thank You!Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Project: U.S. Department of Energy Award No. DE-FE-0001547Administered by the DOE’s Office of Fossil EnergyManaged by the National Energy Technology LaboratoryDOE cost share from American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009Cost Share Agreements: Archer Daniels Midland CompanyUniversity of Illinois through the Illinois State Geological SurveySchlumberger Carbon ServicesRichland Community CollegeProject Team Members Contacts: Dr. Sai Gollakota (NETL-DOE) [email protected] Robert Finley, (ISGS) [email protected] Medler, (Schlumberger Carbon Services) [email protected] Douglas Brauer (RCC) [email protected](Disclaimer: Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarilyconstitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Neither the United States Government norany agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness,or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. The views and opinionsof authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.)ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY