Transcription

Revit Architecture 2014 TutorialBy: Mark Lastova

Table of ContentsSection 1 .3Starting Revit and Display.5Section 2 .6Floor Level 1.6Walls .Stairs.Editing Walls .Doors .Floors .Section 3 .Floor Level 2.Hiding Objects .Editing Floors .Windows.Section 4 .Ceilings & Roofs .Ceilings .Adding Levels .Roofs by Footprint .Roofs by Extrusion .Attaching Walls .Section 5 .Foundations & Support Systems .Foundation Walls .Footers .Editing Wall Height.Beams .Columns .Section 6 .Components .Loading Components .Section 7 .Rooms & Area .Rooms .Room Separation .Area Plan .Area.Area Schedule .Section 9 .SiteMark LastovaLinganore High School

Section 1Starting Revit and The Revit DisplayTo start, launch Revit, wait and then you should see the start window as shown below. Ifyou get any pop-ups or any others screens before the screen below, just select OK andmove on.Under the heading “Projects”, select New you should now see the following pop-up:Make sure you change the template from Construction Template to ArchitecturalTemplate, keep the option on Project and then select OK.Mark LastovaLinganore High School

RibbonPropertiesBrowserOptions BarDrawing AreaProjectBrowserViewing Tool BarThis is the main Revit window, it is broken-down into these following areas: Tabs Ribbon – “Design Bar” Options Bar Properties Browser Project Browser Viewing Tool Bar Drawing areaViewing Tool BarThis is the Viewing Tool Bar. From left to right, it allows you to adjust the scale,adjust level of detail, adjust view type, enable shadows, crop view, show the croppedregion, hide objects, and reveal hidden objects.Mark LastovaLinganore High School

Options BarThe Options Bar, located directly under the Ribbon, will activate when a command isselected, and the options presented will vary depending on which tool you pick.Ribbon – Design BarThe top of the screen (the Ribbon) is the Design Bar. It contains almost every commandyou will need to model your house. The Basics menu contains basic commands to build ahouse, but lacks some of the more advanced features. One of the options is the View tab.It contains every command needed to make elevations, sections, 3D views, add new sheetsand create walk-throughs.Properties & Project BrowsersTo the right are the Properties Browser and the Project Browser.The top menu option is the Properties, here you change change the scale,Change displays and crop regions.The bottom menu option is the Project Browser.Here, you can go to all of the preset views listed. Such as, floor levels,evlevations, site plans, sheets and more. Note, once you create a 3D view,cameras, or walkthroughs, they will appear in the Project Browser as well.Mouse Controls – 2D Left mouse button to SELECTRight mouse button to CANCEL or quick editsScroll wheel to ZOOM in and outPush down on the scroll wheel to PANMark LastovaLinganore High School

Wall Type SelectorSection 2Floor Level 1The default view when opening Revit is floor level 1 (the current viewis bolded) You can check this by viewing the Browser. If it is not, selectfloor one in the project browser.We will begin by selecting the Wall icon from the Design Bar (theRibbon). At the top of the screen you will see that the Options Bar hasbecome active. Click on the Wall type selector and pick the Generic6” wall. Then in the DRAW option on the Ribbon, select the BOX icon.Now in the working area, select a point and then move the mouse andselect another point and then select Modify on the Ribbonto end the command. Don’t worry about the dimensions ofthe box yet.Make the box 27’w by 24’d. To do this, select on of thevertical walls with the arrow. Now you can change thewidth of the house to 27’. Do this by selecting the dimension and thentyping in the dimension you want and then press enter.(Note: Revit defaults in feet)Next, make two 9’ horizontal walls. One, 5’ from the top wall and the another wall 6’below the wall you just created. Finally, join the two walls at their ends. It should looklike the picture below:Mark LastovaLinganore High School

Next, draw a horizontal wall 13’w long 11’d from the top right corner. Then,connect it back to the top wall. It should look like the following:Time to put in some Stairs! Go to Circulation on the Ribbon and selectthe stair icon. You’ll notice that your walls become grayed-out, and that whenyou move near them, a box appears. Position your box in this location:It should be right up against the horizontal wall, with its midpoint coinciding with the righthand side of the vertical wall. The dashed lines should appear if you’ve positioned itcorrectly. If you can’t get it, just place it against the wall and it can be moved later.When you have it positioned, click to start making stairs.Mark LastovaLinganore High School

You’ll notice that if you extend the stairs against that horizontal wall, its length willjump. This is because it is creating one step each time. Extend your stairs over 11 risers,or 9’ 2” and select. You should see blue, green, and black lines appear, whichcorrespond to stair path, stair boundary, and risers, respectively. However, DON’T finishthe sketch just yet; we haven’t put in enough steps to make it to the second story.If you move your mouse toward the right exterior wall, you’ll see the box reappear.Position it as seen below, up against the right wall, with its intersection in line with thebottom line:When you have it in position, select and continue drawing stairs toward the bottom of thescreen until you’ve drawn all that you can. Select again to complete the stairs. Shouldlook like the one below:Mark LastovaLinganore High School

Once you have created this, click “Finish Sketch”.Now let’s say you’ve already drawn a wall and you want to change its length ormove it around in some way. Revit makes Editing Walls very simple. We’ve got someextra space in the top left of our house, so let’s get rid of that. First, select on the leftexterior wall, drag the top blue dot down to the first horizontal interior wall. AMagenta snap boxwill appear when it finds the endpoint of the wall and an X forintersection, as show below:If you release the mouse button when you’ve got that square ‘endpoint’ snap, you’llsee the wall has shortened and attached itself to the wall, just like it’s supposed to. Let’srepeat this process to move the top exterior wall over so that its end is in line with theother vertical wall in the picture above. Finally, extend the interior vertical wall up tomeet the top exterior wall. It should look like the following:Make sure these are2 separate wall linesMark LastovaLinganore High School

To complete the first floor, we still need a few permanent items, Windows and DoorsAdding DoorsSelect the door command from the Ribbon and then select the “Load family” icon.In Revit, each object is part of a family or a set of objects with similar properties. Forinstance, as we will see in a minute with doors, a family might be one particular style ofdoor and that family will contain a style in different sizes. Families are used to keep trackof objects easily. Find a suitable door family for the front door.Double-click the ‘Doors’ folder, then find Single-Decorative 2 and select it. You willnow notice in the Properties Browser, the Single-Decorative 2: 36” x 84” has been added.If you open that drop-down menu, you will find many more sizes for the same style door.Use the 36” x 84” one so lets place it! It should go at the top middle of the house, atthe end of the hallway. To actually place the door, hover over the side of the wall youwant the door on and click when you have it lined up. This door should be at the center ofits wall, and dimensions are provided to help you center it:See those two blue sets of arrows?Mark LastovaLinganore High School

They allow you to switch the orientation of the door, either changing which side of the wallthe door is on or changing which side is attached to the wall.Next, let’s pick another door (you can either load one or use the ‘single-flush’ door)and place them in the drawing as pictured below. Remember to keep the at least a 4”door jamb from the corner of the wall when placing the doors.Adding FloorsSelect the floor iconfrom the Ribbon and look at the Ribbon Design Bar,noticing how Pick Walls is selected. Well, we’re going to do just that,hovering over the exterior walls. They should create a dashed-blue linewhen you hover over them, then select the inside of the exterior wall. Amagenta line should appear. Do this for all of the exterior walls, thenselect Finish Sketch - (green check on the Ribbon).PROBLEM!! (and you know what it is too if you actually read the error message), go aheadand select continue from the error pop-up message. See the two lines up where wemoved the walls earlier? They’re not allowed to overlap. So let’s move them, the sameway we moved the walls. Click Modify in the Ribbon, then select & hold on one of thelines and drag it back to the corner intersection. In the end, all of the lines should meetonly at their endpoints.BeforeMark LastovaLinganore High SchoolAfter

When you click finish sketch, you won’t notice that anything’s happened. Time forViewing in 3DLook just above the Ribbon, these commands are called the Quick Access icons. Look fora 3D house icon like the one below and select it. This icon can also be found on theRibbon under the View tab.You should now see the walls in 3D (isometric view). You rotate your image aroundby, either selecting the cube in the upper right hand corner or by holding down the shiftkey on the keyboard and holding down the scroll wheel or right mouse button.If you ever get lost or frustrated with your view don’t worry, just select the smallHouse Icon next to the cube. This is the HOME button and will always take you back toyour orginal 3D view. Practice time.What’s WRONG with the picture? Revit defaults the walls to be 20’ high. Tochange this, highlight the walls. Yes, you can hold the Ctrl-key and select each wall orselect one wall and then right-click. In the edit options, go to Select All Instances thenVisible in View. All the walls should now be highlighted. If some walls are not highlighted,hold the Ctrl-key and select the rest.Mark LastovaLinganore High School

Now go over to the Properties Browser and locate where it says Unconnected.20’, change it to 10’ and it apply. FYI - if you move your mouse at anytime out of theProperties Brower, this is just like selecting Apply.3D Home view (20’ walls)3D Home view (Highlight Walls)3D Rear view (10’ walls)Viewing in 3D cont.You can view your 3D view with different options. You can view it as a Wire Frame,Shaded or even Realistic. This is done by going to the bottom of your screen and lookingfor a row of icons. This is called the View Property Settings.You can find out what each icon means, by hovering your mouse arrow over each icon. Apop-up will identify each icon. The one we will you is the Visual Style icon, it’s the onethat looks like a 3D box.Select it and notice you have multiple options to view yourhouse. Examples of some of the options are given below. I use the Shaded option most ofthe time. Careful with Realistic, it uses a lot of RAM. The default view is Hidden Line.WireframeShadedTo get out of 3D and back to your 2D floor plans, go over to the Project Browser anddouble-click on one of the Floor plan Levels. * Carefull not to select the ceiling levels.Mark LastovaLinganore High School

Section 3Floor Level 2Let’s make another floor. Double-click on the Floor Plans Level 2 from the projectbrowser bar. You’ll see that the walls are grayed-out because they are 10’ tall and donot go beyond Level 2. Now, let’s draw the floor for level two. Use the same method asbefore, except this time we have to watch out for the stairs. Use the ‘Pick Walls’ functionto draw a nice border around the house. Be careful! You need to fix the intersecting linesagain! When you’re done, select the line tool. Trace all around the stairs, using thesquare ‘endpoint’ snaps for guidance. Yours should look like the following:When you’ve finished making your lines, click Finish Sketch. You’ll get a pop-upwindow. You DO NOT want to join the walls to the floor just yet, so click No.Go back to your 3D view to view your new addition. You notice that your interiorwalls are extend through the floor. To correct this, select all of the interior walls only(Again, hold the Ctrl key down). Now go to the Ribbon and look for the icon Attach Top/Base.Select it, then select the Level 2 floor you just made. The walls just got shorter! Evenbetter, if you decide to change the thickness of the floor, the walls will still be attached!Now that you have added a 2nd floor, you will notice that you can NOT see the 1stfloor in 3D. Well, Revit can Hide any object. Select the 2nd Floor from the workingscreen, it is a little easier selecting from the staircase opening. Now go to the ViewProperty Settings (bottom of the screen) and select the eye glasses icon.Notice the floor is now hidden from view and you can see the 1st floor. This workswith single items or an entire category. When you are done and want to unhide the floor,go back to the eyeglasses and select the option Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate, the 2ndfloor will appear.Mark LastovaLinganore High School

Next, let’s return to Level 2 in the Project Browser and make more walls. Again, hide the 2nd floor.Select your wall tool, and then change the 20’ in the Options Bar to 10’. Using 6”walls, trace over your floor 1 walls, snapping to the endpoints. Draw a wall straightacross just above the stairs, use the “box” drawing option. It should look like the firstpicture below:Let’s add a balcony. First, unhide the 2nd floor and then edit the 2nd floor plan.You might need to change your view to 3D in order to select the floor plan, then go backto the floor plan view. Select the floor plan and then on the Ribbon select the icon called EditBoundary.You will need to remove a portion