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Katie WardrobeDRUM SET ANDPERCUSSION NOTATIONMADE EASYCreating clear, easy-to-read drum andpercussion parts in SibeliusDRUM PARTS FROM SCRATCH #1: USING THE COMPUTERKEYBOARDWhen creating drum kit patterns you only need to notate one or two bars because you can copy and pastethe pattern for the remainder of the score.Because we’ll need to notate two rhythmically independent parts, we need to use two voices on the onestave. Voice 1 (blue) has stems pointing up Voice 2 (green) stems pointing downIn drum kit notation: Use voice 1 use for parts of the kit played with hands (cymbals, snare) Use voice 2 for parts played with the feet (bass drum, hi-hat foot pedal) Exception: when the rhythm is more clear notated in a different way (see the accompany notes:Notation Conventions)M U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie WardrobeEnter the hi-hat part (voice 1) Select bar one (it should have a blue box around it) Press N (for note entry) Enter the rhythm for hi-hat part (quavers in the space on top of the stave) Don’t worry that the stems are pointing down – they’ll move up automatically when we add thebass drum part And don’t worry about the fact that there was no sound when you entered the notes. In order forthe snare drum part to make a sound, we need to change the noteheads to crossesChanging noteheads Press Escape twice to make sure you have nothing selected Now select the whole bar again Go to Window Properties and click on the Notes tab From the noteheads drop-down menu, select notehead number 1(cross) Press EscapeAdd the snare part Select the 3rd hi-hat quaver and type Shift 5 to add a note a 5th below for the snare drum part While it is still selected, change it back to a normal notehead by selecting notehead 0 from thenoteheads drop-down menu (in the Properties window) Add a snare drum note to the 7th quaver (beat 4) and change the notehead back to a normalnotehead, as you did before Press EscapeM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie WardrobeBass drum part Select bar one again Press N for note entry Switch to voice 2: by pressing Alt 2 (Opt 2 on Mac) Enter the bass drum rhythm. You’ll notice that the stems of the voice 1 part (hi-hat and snare)jump up automatically when the first bass drum note is entered Press EscapeFROM SCRATCH #2: MANUAL INPUT USING THE MIDIKEYBOARDInstead of using your computer keyboard to enter notes on the drum kit stave, you can speed things up byusing a MIDI keyboard. It’s quicker with a MIDI keyboard because the noteheads are automaticallyentered in the correct way (ie. snare drum parts will automatically have cross-noteheads).Set-up Go to File Preferences (or Sibelius Preferences on Mac) and select Note Input from themenu on the left Under Percussion Staves, select The MIDI device’s drum map. This means you’ll be using theinbuilt MIDI percussion instruments in your keyboard to enter notes on the drum kit staveHi-Hat and Snare parts Select bar one Press N (for note entry) Select quaver on the Keypad Play the F sharp below the bass clef (F#2) on keyboard to create the hi-hat notes. When youreach beat 2 and 4, F#2 and D2 at the same time to create the hi-hat and snare simultaneously Press Escape twice to finishBass drum Select the bar again Press N and then press Alt 2 (Opt 2) to enter notes into voice 2 Enter the bass drum pattern using C2 on your MIDI keyboardM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie WardrobeFROM SCRATCH #3: RECORDING THE DRUM PART “LIVE”Even quicker still, is recording the entire drum kit part in all at once using Sibelius’s Flexi-time inputmethod.Set-up part #1 Go to File Preferences (or Sibelius Preferences on Mac) and select Note Input from themenu on the left Under Percussion Staves, select The MIDI device’s drum map. This means you’ll be using theinbuilt MIDI percussion instruments in your keyboard to enter notes on the drum kit staveSet-up part #2 Go to Notes Flexi-time options On the Flexi-time tab, check the Record into multiple voices box On the Notation tab, choose the minimum rhythmic value you will play under Adjust RhythmsRecording the drum part Select the bar where you want to start recording the drum part Click on the Record button (on the Playback window), or use the shortcut Ctrl Shift F(Cmd Shift F on Mac) Play the drum pattern, using the MIDI drum map (ie. C2 for the bass drum, F#2 for the hi-hat etc)M U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie WardrobeCOPY AND PASTEYou can copy and paste a pattern by using one of thefollowing methods: Select the bar and press R (for repeat) Select the bar and then hold down Alt (Opt) andclick at the beginning of a barREPEAT BAR SIGNSIndicate the pattern is repeated by using the repeat bar sign Select the bar after the initial drum pattern appears Go to the 5th Keypad layout Click on the appropriate repeat bar sign (or press number 1, 2 or 4 on yourcomputer’s numeric keypad)OPEN AND CLOSED SIGNSOpen sign To add an open sign (o) to a note, select the note and then choose o fromthe 4th keypad layoutClosed sign To add an closed sign ( ) to a note, select the note and then choose from the4th keypad layout Using the closed and open signs will be reflected in the playback of your scoreGHOST STROKE dynamic. theseswiththemouseM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie tave.InSibelius: Selectthefirstnoteofthepattern Forstickingthatappearsbelowthestave,Create Text Lyrics Forstickingthatappearsabovethestave,gotoCreate Text Lyrics Lyricsabovethestaff TypeRorLandthenpressspacetoadvancetothenextnote Whenyou’vefinished,pressEscapeROLLS fthetremolooptionsGRACE NOTES (FLAMS AND racenote: Gotothe2ndkeypadlayout emiquaversjoinedtogether): Choosesemiquaverfromthefirstkeypadlayout adlayout Addaslur: SelectthegracenoteandpressS PressspacebartoextendtheslurifnecessaryM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie WardrobeSLASH llorasolo. barGotoWindow fromthedrop- ll”or“Solo”) Selectthefirstnoteinthebar PressCtrl T(Cmd T),orgotoCreate Text Technique edRHYTHMIC NOTATION (SLASHES WITH ion. ar/sGotoWindow fromthedrop- ‐downmenuNUMBERING BARS AUTOMATICALLY SelectthebarsGotoPlugins Text NumberBarsChoosetheappropriatesettingsClickOKM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie kesiteasyforadrummertokeeptrackofthepart. GotoLayout AutoBreaks utosystembreaksandclickontheEverynbarsbutton FillintheappropriatenumberintheboxandclickOKTWO OTHER QUICK WAYS TO CREATE DRUM PARTS1. Use the Ideas window (Sibelius 5 and 6 only) Go to Window Ideas Click on the Library tab Search for drum parts using the search field at the top – eg. type in “Jazz drums” Click and hold the mouse button on an Idea to hear itWhen you find one you like, copy and paste it into your score Select it in the Ideas window Press Ctrl C (Cmd C) Select the destination bar in your score Press Ctrl V (Cmd V)2. Use the Add Drum Pattern Plug-in Go to Plug-ins Composing Tools Add Drum Pattern Choose a style from the drop-down menu Click OK. The drum part will be added to your scoreORCHESTRAL PARTS: MULTIPLE INSTRUMENTS, ONE ssionstavesyouneed: gotoWindow PartsandclickontheNewPartbutton AddtoPart ClickOK canrenameitbyclickingonitstitleM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1

Drum Set and Percussion Notation Made EasyKatie WardrobeBasicformatting Openthenewpart rescore(oraportionofit)andgotoLayout HideEmptyStaves Ensurethatmultirestsareturnedon(gotoLayout AutoBreaksandchecktheUseMultirestsbox) hifnecessary onplayerneedstoswitchtoanewinstrument: gotoCreate Other InstrumentChange FindthenewinstrumentinthewindowthatopensandclickOK Clickinthescorewherethenewinstrumentstarts instrumentsRESOURCESBook: Guide To Standardized Drumset Notation by Norman Weinberg Published by the Percussive Arts Society Distributed by Hal Leonard (06620063)Tutorial Videos I’ve made 3 tutorial videos about creating drum parts in Sibelius that can be found on Youtube:www.youtube.com/katiesw1Sibelius Reference manual See the Percussion section The Drum Set and Drum Kit staves in Sibelius use the drum map which is pictured in this section The drum map tells you which line/space to use on the stave and also which notehead to use foreach of the drum set instrumentsSibelius Drum map and GM Percussion map The book: Sibelius - A Comprehensive Guide to Sibelius Music Notation Software(Rudolph/Leonard) has a companion website: www.sibeliusbook.com which has a useful set ofChapter File/Downloads. The Chapter 8 files include a pdf of the Sibelius drum map and also theGM percussion map (for entering notes via MIDI keyboard)CONTACTContact details (questions and/or training enquiries) Email Katie Wardrobe: [email protected] Join the Midnight Music mailing list for tips and news: www.midnightmusic.com.auM U S IC T E C H N O L O G Y IN E D U C A T IO N C O N F E R E N C Em te c2 0 1 1