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2013Sibelius Drum NotationKatie WardrobeMidnight Music

Basic drum kit parts in Sibelius4Introduction43 ways to enter drum parts from scratchManual input using the computer keyboard44Using voices in drum kit notation4Exceptions5Entering the hi-hat part: voice 15Changing the noteheads5Add the snare part6Enter the bass drum (kick) part: voice 26Manual input using the MIDI keyboard7Set-up: before you start7Enter the hi-hat and snare parts7Bass (kick) drum part8Recording the drum part “live” with a MIDI keyboard8Set-up part #18Set-up part #28Recording the drum pattern9Copying patterns and repeat bar signs9Copy and paste9Repeat Bar Signs10Open and closed signs10Slash notation10How to create slash notation11How to add a text indication (“Play time” or “Fill” or “Solo”)11Rhythmic Notation (slashes with stems)11How to create rhythmic slash notation11Numbering Bars AutomaticallyHow to number bars1212

Two other quick ways to create drum parts13Method 1: use the Ideas window (Sibelius 5, 6 and 7)13Method 2: use the “Add Drum Pattern” plug-in13Other Resources13Book: Guide To Standardized Drumset Notation by Norman Weinberg13Tutorial Videos133

Basic drum kit parts in SibeliusIntroduction3 ways to enter drum parts from scratchThere are 3 ways to enter drum parts from scratch in Sibelius: manual input using the computer keyboard manual input using a MIDI keyboard recording the drum part “live” using a MIDI keyboardThe first method is slow and tedious because you need to manually change noteheads as you go. Thesecond and third method, which involve using a MIDI keyboard, are much quicker.If you are going to spend time creating drum parts, I can highly recommend purchasing a MIDI keyboard- even a small inexpensive one - to make life easier.An explanation of each method is given below.Manual input using the computer keyboardWhen creating drum kit patterns you often only need to notate one or two bars because you can copyand paste the pattern for the remainder of the score.Because we’ll need to notate two rhythmically independent parts, we need to use two voices on one stavein Sibelius. Voice 1 (blue) has stems pointing up Voice 2 (green) stems pointing downUsing voices in drum kit notation Use voice 1 use for parts of the kit played with hands (ie. cymbals and snare)4

Use voice 2 for parts played with the feet (bass drum, hi-hat foot pedal)The complete pattern:ExceptionsNot all drum patterns should be notated this way, but it’s a good general rule to go by. An exception tothis rule is when the snare works rhythmically with the kick drum, as in the following example:In the above example, the snare is notated in Voice 2, with the kick drum, whilst the hi-hat is in voice 1.Entering the hi-hat part: voice 1 Select bar one (it should have a blue box around it) Press N (for note entry) Enter the rhythm for hi-hat part (quavers in the space on top of the stave) Don’t worry that the stems are pointing down – they’ll move up automatically when we add thekick drum part And don’t worry about the fact that there was no sound when you entered the notes. In order forthe snare drum part to make a sound, we need to change the noteheads to crossesChanging the noteheads Press Escape twice to make sure you have nothing selected5

Now select bar one again Sibelius 5 & 6: Go to Window Properties and click on the Notes tab From the noteheads drop-down menu, select notehead number 1(cross) Press Escape You can also use the shortcut Alt Shift 1 (Opt Shift 1 on Mac)Sibelius 7: Go to Notations Noteheads and click on the lower half of theType button Select the Cross notehead (notehead number 1) Press Escape You can also use the shortcut Alt Shift 1 (Opt Shift 1 on Mac)Add the snare part Select the 3rd hi-hat quaver and type Shift 5 to add a note a 5th below for the snare drum part While that note is still selected, change it back to a normal notehead by selecting notehead 0 byusing the shortcut Alt Shift 0 (Opt Shift 0 on Mac) Add another snare drum note to the 7th quaver (beat 4) and change the notehead back to anormal notehead, as you did before Press EscapeEnter the bass drum (kick) part: voice 2 Select bar one again6

Press N for note entry Switch to voice 2 by clicking on the Voice 2 button on the Keypad (see right), or bypressing Alt 2 (Opt 2 on Mac) Enter the bass drum rhythm. You’ll notice that the stems of the voice 1 part (hihat and snare) jump up automatically when the first bass drum note is entered Press EscapeThat’s all – the pattern is complete. You can now copy and paste the pattern into the other bars of thedrum part.Manual input using the MIDI keyboardInstead of using your computer keyboard to enter notes on the drum kit stave, you can speed things upby using a MIDI keyboard. It’s quicker with a MIDI keyboard because the noteheads are automaticallyentered in the correct way (ie. hi-hat part will automatically have cross-noteheads).Set-up: before you start Go to File Preferences (Sibelius 7 and PC users of Sibelius 6 and earlier) or Sibelius Preferences on Mac (Sibelius 6 and earlier) Select Note Input from the menu on the left Under Percussion Staves, select The MIDI device’s drum map. This means you’ll be using theinbuilt MIDI percussion instruments in your keyboard to enter notes on the drum kit staveEnter the hi-hat and snare parts Select bar one Press N (for note entry)7

Select quaver on the Keypad Play the F sharp below the bass clef (F#2) on keyboard to create the hi-hat notes. When you reachbeat 2 and 4, play F#2 and D2 at the same time to create the hi-hat and snare simultaneously Press Escape twice to finishBass (kick) drum part Select the bar again Press N and then press Alt 2 (Opt 2) to enter notes into voice 2 Enter the bass drum part by using C2 on your MIDI keyboardRecording the drum part “live” with a MIDI keyboardEven quicker still, is recording the entire drum kit part in all at once using Sibelius’s Flexi-time inputmethod.Set-up part #1 Go to File Preferences (Sibelius 7 and PC users of Sibelius 6 and earlier) or Sibelius Preferences on Mac (Sibelius 6 and earlier) Select Note Input from the menu on the left Under Percussion Staves, select The MIDI device’s drum map (see image below). This meansyou’ll be using the inbuilt MIDI percussion instruments in your keyboard to enter notes on thedrum kit staveSet-up part #2Open Flexi-time Options: Sibelius 5 & 6: go to Notes Flexi-time options Sibelius 7: go to Note input Flexi-time and click on the Flexi-timeoptions dialogue launcher button (see image right)8

Then, on the Flexi-time tab check the Record intomultiple voices option (see image, right) On the Notation tab, choose the minimumrhythmic value you will play under AdjustRhythms (see image, right)Recording the drum pattern Select the bar or rest where you want to start recording the drum part Click the Record button (on the Playback window),or use the shortcut Ctrl Shift F (Cmd Shift F onMac) Play the drum pattern on your keyboard, using theMIDI drum map (ie. C2 for the kick drum, F#2 for the hi-hat and D2 for the snare)Copying patterns and repeat bar signsCopy and pasteYou can copy and paste a notated pattern by using oneof the following methods: Select the bar and press R (for repeat) Select the bar and then hold down Alt (Opt on Mac) and click at the beginning of a bar9

Repeat Bar SignsDrum patterns are much easier to read if you make use of the repeat bar sign. It looks a little like adivision sign and at a glance, the drummer can see that they should repeat the pattern in the previousbar.To add the repeat bar sign in Sibelius 6 and 7, do the following: Select the bar after the initial drum pattern appears Go to the 5th Keypad layout Click on the appropriate repeat bar sign (or press number 1, 2 or 4 on yourcomputer’s numeric keypad) You can also use the 2-bar repeat sign or 4-bar repeat signOpen and closed signsOpen sign To add an open sign (o) to a note, select the note and then choose o from the4th keypad layoutClosed sign To add an closed sign ( ) to a note, select the note and then choose from the 4thkeypad layout Using the closed and open signs will be reflected in the playback of your scoreSlash notationSlash notation indicates that a player should improvise a part in the appropriate style. There’s usually awritten instruction included to indicate whether the drummer should “play time” (a timekeeping pattern),or a fill or a solo.10

How to create slash notation Create 4 crotchets on the middle line of the stave Select the entire bar Sibelius 5 & 6: Go to Window Properties and click on the Notes tab From the noteheads drop-down menu, select notehead number 3 Press Escape You can also use the shortcut Alt Shift 3 (Opt Shift 3 on Mac)Sibelius 7: Go to Notations Noteheads and click on the lower halfof the Type button Select the Beat without stem notehead (noteheadnumber 3) Press Escape You can also use the shortcut Alt Shift 3 (Opt Shift 3 on Mac)How to add a text indication (“Play time” or “Fill” or “Solo”) Select the first note in the bar Press Ctrl T (Cmd T on Mac) A flashing cursor will appear and you can type the text you needRhythmic Notation (slashes with stems)Rhythmic notation specifies the rhythm the drummer should play, but allows them to improvise theinstrumentation.How to create rhythmic slash notation Enter the rhythm on middle line of drum set stave Select the bar/s Sibelius 5 & 6:11

Go to Window Properties and click on the Notes tab From the noteheads drop-down menu, select notehead number 4 Press Escape You can also use the shortcut Alt Shift 4 (Opt Shift 4 on Mac)Sibelius 7: Go to Notations Noteheads and click on the lower half of the Type button Select the Beat with stem notehead (notehead number 4) Press Escape You can also use the shortcut Alt Shift 4 (Opt Shift 4 on Mac)Numbering Bars AutomaticallyHow to number bars Select the bar/s Sibelius 5 & 6: go to Plugins Text Number Bars Sibelius 7: go to Text Plugins Number Bars In the window that opens, choose the appropriate settings Click OK12

Two other quick ways to create drum partsMethod 1: use the Ideas window (Sibelius 5, 6 and 7) Sibelius 5 & 6: go to Window Ideas Sibelius 7: go to View Panels Ideas Click on the Library tab Search for drum parts using the search field at the top – eg. typein “Jazz drums” Click and hold the mouse button on an Idea to hear itWhen you find one you like, copy and paste it into your score Select the idea in the Ideas window Select the destination bar in your score Click on the Paste Idea buttonMethod2: use the “Add Drum Pattern” plug-in Sibelius 5 & 6: go to Plug-ins Composing Tools Add Drum Pattern Sibelius 7: go to Note Input Plug-ins and under Composing Tools, choose Add Drum Pattern Choose a style from the drop-down menu Click OK. The drum part will be added to your scoreOther ResourcesBook: Guide To Standardized Drumset Notation by Norman Weinberg Published by the Percussive Arts Society Distributed by Hal Leonard (06620063)Tutorial Videos I’ve made 3 tutorial videos about creating drum parts in Sibelius that can be found on Youtube:www.youtube.com/katiesw113