CURRICULUM VITAEGEOFFREY IVAN SCOTT2107 Harper StreetNewberry, SC 29108Phone: 843/991-2869 (H) 803/777-8964 (W) and 803/608-4621 (C)EDUCATIONPhD. 1979. Marine Science, University of South Carolina (USC), Columbia, SC.Dissertation: The Effects of Seasonal Chronic Chlorination on the Growth, Survival, and Physiology of theAmerican Oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin).M.S. 1976. Marine Science, USC, Columbia, SCThesis: Oyster Condition Index as a Monitor of Biological Pollution in South Carolina Coastal Waters: APilot Study.B.S., 1974. Biology, Wofford College, Spartanburg, SCRESEARCH EXPERIENCE:2014- Present: Clinical Professor and Chair, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, ArnoldSchool of Public Health, University of South Carolina2001-2014: Center Director, Center for Coastal Environmental Health & Biomolecular Research(CCEHBR) with Laboratories in Charleston, SC and Oxford, MDUS Department of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service219 Ft. Johnson Road; Charleston, SC 29412-91102009-2011 – Acting Director, Hollings Marine Laboratory (HML)US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service221 Ft. Johnson Road; Charleston, SC 29412-91101995-2001: Branch Chief Marine Ecotoxicology BranchUS Department of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean ServiceCenter for Coastal Environmental Health & Biomolecular Research219 Ft. Johnson Road; Charleston, SC 29412-91101990-1995: Program Leader, Toxicology ProgramUS Department of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean ServiceCenter for Coastal Environmental Health & Biomolecular Research219 Ft. Johnson Road; Charleston, SC 29412-91101984-1990: Associate (Tenured) Professor
Arnold School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of SouthCarolinaColumbia, SC 292081980-1984: Director Toxicology ProgramWide Awake Landing LaboratoryResearch Planning InstituteColumbia, SC 292081975-1980: Aquatic ToxicologistU.S. EPABears Bluff Field StationWadmalaw Island, SC 29487ACADEMIC AFFILIATION Professor, Marine Biomedicine & Environmental Science Program, Medical Univ. of SouthCarolina, Charleston, SC. Associate Professor, Marine Biology Program, University of Charleston, Charleston, SC. Tenured Associate Professor (1990) and Adjunct Professor, Arnold School of Public Health,University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Adjunct Associate Professor, The Institute of Human and Environmental Health, Texas Tech.Univ.; Lubbock, TXPROFESSIONAL SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT EXPERIENCEAs current Chair of the Department of Environmental Health Sciences I oversee a faculty of 40graduate students (28PhDs and 14 MPH/MS students), 13 PhD faculty members, which includetoxicologists, environmental microbiologist, molecular biologist, chemist, GIS scientists and exposurescientist. Also our Smart State Center for Environmental Nanomaterials Risk reports through ourDepartment and has several visiting faculty from around the world at any given time. The Arnold Schoolof Public Health produces the 6th largest number of PhD scientists among the current 54 schools ofpublic health in the US.As former Director of one of five NOAA/NOS Research Centers within the National Centers of CoastalOcean Science, I directly manage and supervise a staff of more than 100 staff including 75 scientists(more than 50 PhDs) at our CCEHBR Center Laboratories in Charleston, SC (92 staff) and Oxford,Maryland [Cooperative Oxford Laboratory (COL) 50 staff including NOAA, US Coast Guard and MDDepartment of Natural Resources]. While Acting Director of both CCEHBR and HML in 2008-2011, Imanaged the facility and research for an additional 150 HML staff including researchers from NOAA,MUSC, the College of Charleston, the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the SCDepartment of Natural Resources. Center Director responsibilities include every aspect of the Centerincluding Directing Scientific Research - including strategic planning, implementation and execution;
Fiscal Management - including budget reporting, planning and execution for federal budgets andreimbursable funding from other agencies (NSF, EPA, USGS, DOD, ACE, ONR); Personnel Management –including Federal employees and contract staff from three different contracting companies for IT,scientific support and administrative and facility support; Facility Oversight – supervision of two facilityengineers including operations, upkeep, and construction; Safety and Environmental ManagementSystems (EMS Federal Sustainability Programs) – Supervision of 3 safety officers; Community/RegionalInteractions and Political/Congressional/ Office of Management and Budget Interactions.Direction of Scientific Research –My role in research leadership is to provide the Direction and Visionfor strategically aligning our research capabilities with research opportunities through partnership andleveraging, both within and outside of NOAA. I have developed an extensive network of researchinteractions and professional contacts over the years, which I work with in addressing nationalenvironmental issues, which includes a coalition of federal, and state agencies, academia, business andNGOs. This type of coalition is important in addressing environmental issues as it keeps you grounded inthe science, technology and policy aspects of issues. This also allows for optimum funding and researchopportunities by this type of alliance (government-business-academia- NGOs). I oversee research in 4major focal areas – Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), Coastal Pollution, Climate Change and EcosystemHealth Assessments for Coastal Ecosystem Management. Evidence of the outstanding nature of these 4major research focus areas at CCEHBR is indicated in the numerous publications and by the number ofresearch awards by scientists within these 4 programs as the 4 Branch Leads (Drs. John Ramsdell, MikeFulton and Jeff Hyland) in these research areas have won the highest awards from NOAA(Administrators Award) and US Dept. of Commerce (Gold Medal) in the past 3 years (see AwardsSection). In addition, we have had one of our USC Graduate Students (Dr. Heath Kelsey) win the WalterB. Jones Award from NOAA recognizing the most outstanding coastal and marine graduate research inthe US and have had more than 6 of our graduate student win NOAA’s Post-Doctoral John Knauss NOAAFellowships over the past 4 years.Fiscal Management – Fiscal Management at CCEHBR in includes management of annual federalappropriations that have ranged from 11.4M – 22.3M including funding at CCEHBR, HML and COL. ForCCEHBR annual federal funding for 2007-2013 has ranged from 7.7M (Sequestration) – 14.8M (seeTable below). In addition, extramural competitive funding for CCEHBR from other Federal Agencies,Private Foundations and State Agencies has annually ranged from 0.453M to 3.6M (2005 – notdepicted in Table), with FY 13 funding of 2.49M for CCEHBR and 2.5M for HML. The largest singleaward was 1.9M from DOD in 2011 for Coral Health Disease and Ecotoxicology Research withammunition pollutants. The 2013 budget is 7.7M of direct federal appropriations and 2.49M inextramural funding for CCEHBR and 2.50M for HML, which is included due to CCEHBR’s substantialinvolvement with NIST and Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill funding at HML (Toxicology, Chemistry andfield work support at CCEHBR) . Please note that our annual enacted funding has been larger than whatthe President or Congress initially directed, which indicates how we have been able to successfully workwith Congress, Partners and NOAA to get our funding levels increased each year.Historical Funding 2007-2013 for CCEHBR Charleston ( Million)
FY 2007CCEHBR/CharlestonIncomingextramuralFY 2008FY 2009FY 2010FY 2011FY 2012Req.EnactReq.EnactReq.EnactReq.EnactReq.Enact 8.3 14.8 8.3 13.7 11.3 11.5 10.6 11.3 11.3 11.3 8.85 1.5 1.3 0.5 1.54Req. 1.317FY 2013Enact Req.Enact 9.3 36.04* 7.7A 0.705 2.490B 2.500*In FY13 CCEHBR budget line was consolidated by Congress with the NCCOS budget line.A External Funding CCEHBRB External Funding HMLPersonnel Management – Direct Supervision and Management of 63 FTEs throughout our Center’sLaboratories in Charleston, SC (46) and Oxford, MD (see Table below). This includes development ofPerformance Plans and training as well award nominations for outstanding research and administrativeaccomplishments. From 2007-2013, we have managed anywhere from 23 (2013) -90 (2007) contractorseach year and a total staff size (federal FTEs and contractor staff) ranging from 69 - 137. Contractors aremanaged through coordination with an On Site Manager for Jordan Howards Technology foradministrative, technical and scientific staff (n 17) and with Aster IT for IT contractors (n 6) in 2013.CCEHBRFTEFY 200747FY 200844FY 200945FY 201045FY 201152**FY 201252FY 69**FTE terms added while contract staff further reduced.Facility Oversight – As CCEHBR Center Director I Supervise a complex staff of both Federal and stateemployees who maintain our complex research functions throughout our 50,000 sq. ft. Center includingBS2 labs for chemistry, toxicology, and microbiology as well as an NMR Center, Coral Reef MesocosmFacility, Salt Marsh Mesocosm Facility, Rodent/Small Mammal Rearing and Dosing Facility, MarineMammal Autopsy Facility, and Marine Forensic Laboratory. Within these laboratories there are host ofventilation systems and hoods, freezers, autoclaves, culture rooms, incubators, scintillation counters,centrifuges, thermal cyclers, robotic riboprinters, clean rooms, and other complex research equipment(e.g. HPLC-MS, MS-MS, GC-MS) with highly specialized facility requirements. We house several IT serversincluding a highly specialized law enforcement server for our Marine Forensic Program which supports80% of all DNA analysis for prosecution of fishery fraud cases through the Magnuson-Stephens Act. AtCCEHBR, I have overseen more than 4M in new construction including pier and seawater systems,Marine Biotoxin Laboratory, and Geothermal HVAC Systems, the Salt Marsh Mesocosm Facility, and theCoral Reef Mesocsom Facility. While on the HML Science Board I worked to design and construct withthe HML Director 42M in construction including an NMR Facility. While Acting Director at HML I also
oversaw 4 BSL3 Labs, Clean Rooms for the NIST, the Marine Genomics Center for the SC Center ofExcellence in Marine Genomics and Bioinformatics and Sea Turtle Autopsy Facility and completion ofmore than 10M in construction. Also, I oversaw a process that both detected design flaws in the finalresearch and office wing at HML that had major seismic structural flaws and moved staff to otherbuildings during the design and reconstruction at HML, with no cost to the Federal Government sincethe problems were detected during the warranty period. I also oversee a fleet of boats including 5small boats in Charleston ranging in size 19 - 27 ft. and one 55 ft. vessel the RV LAIDLY, a formerpresidential yacht, in the Chesapeake Bay, which was replaced in 2013 with a new 55 ft. Coast Guardvessel.PERSONAL RESEARCH INTERESTSMy personal research interest has focused on the effects of urban and agricultural nonpoint sourcerunoff on estuarine ecosystem health. This has included research which has assessed both the lethal andsublethal effects of chemical contaminants and methods to discern impacts from ecosystem processchanges (e.g. non contaminant stressors such as salinity, hydrography, etc.) versus chemicalcontaminant effects. One of the primary objectives of our research is to determine the relationshipbetween present regulatory requirements, such as the 96h LC50 value or sediment quality guidelinesdetermined in laboratory toxicity tests to mortality rates measured in field toxicity tests and frombiomonitoring of field populations. Additional research interest has focused on developing estuarinemesocosm testing units which serve as a bridge between linking field and laboratory effects. Over thepast few years we have conducted research on the organochlorine insecticide, endosulfan,nanomaterials (gold and silver), the Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill and the triazine herbicide, atrazine aswell as an emerging new insecticide, fipronil. These chronic mesocosm experiments provide an excellentopportunity for graduate student research as the contaminant dosing and physical upkeep of thesystems is maintained by NOAA staff. This allows for graduate student research which may focus on avariety of ecological levels (e.g. cellular to population level) which has lead to national awards for ourstudents (e.g. Outstanding Graduate Student Research Award - Pelston Workshop on Contaminants ofEmerging Concern). We are now evaluating the effects of certain chemicals to lower upper thermallimits of marine organisms in combination with pesticide exposure, which may have significantimplications in terms of global warming by affecting the geographical distribution of marine organismsand we have developed a Climate Vulnerability Tool that can predict ecosystem sensitivity to changes intemperature. In addition, research is focusing on the release of legacy chemicals from global ice melts inpolar regions and potential effects on boreal ecosystems.Another real cornerstone of our ecotoxicology research has been the long term data base we havedeveloped on the grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, which is the most abundant macropelagicorganism found in salt marsh tidal creeks, accounting for 56% of the total abundance on an annualbasis. We have developed a regional wide monitoring network of sampling stations located at NOAANational Estuarine Research Reserves and Sanctuary Sites throughout the southeastern U.S. which canbe used a reference sites for researchers and in collaborative studies. In addition, the grass shrimp is ourprimary bioassay organism and we have been able to correlate impacts between grass shrimp withlaboratory, mesocosm and field toxicity data. We have successfully developed GIS Land Use-
Contaminant-Grass Shrimp Population models for North Inlet, Murrells Inlet, Charleston Harbor and theAce Basin regions of SC. Current research is investigating the effects of pharmaceuticals on grass shrimpincluding antibiotics (acute and chronic toxicity as well as effects on gut microbial fauna) and cholesterollowering drugs (acute and chronic sublethal effects).A final area of research interest is the development of analytical methods to differentiate human versusanimal sources of pollution and the study of antibacterial resistance in marine bacteria. Previous sourcetracking methods have included Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis, ribotyping, and Multiple AntibioticResistance whereas newer methods include Coliphage Typing, Norovirus and Enterovirus (QPCR), andnovel indicator bacteria - Bacteriodes and Methanobrevibacter smithii as well as Integrative modeling,forecasting and analysis. This research involves researchers at Virginia Tech University, the University ofFlorida, Delaware State University, the University of South Carolina, the University of North Carolina, theSouthern California Costal Water Research Program, the Medical University of South Carolina, theInterstate Shellfish Sanitation Program, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, EPA and NOAA labs inSeattle, WA, Oxford, MD and Miami, FL. Pharmaceutical drugs and home health care products aredischarged into the environment at a rate of 0.1-0.3 labs/person/year in the U.S. and the environmentalrisks of these products include the introduction of antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria. Our researchindicates that 1-3% of E. coli bacteria in surface water samples of SC have Multiple Antibiotic Resistance(MAR). In other regions of the U.S., E. coli MAR levels may be as high as 25%. More than 39% of thedolphins in Charleston Harbor house antibiotic resistant E. coli within their digestive tracts, indicatinghigh levels in mammalian models that reside in the waters and eat seafood every day. We havedeveloped innovative methods to assess the rates of MAR and have integrated that approach withinnovative molecular methods to identify resistance genes in the environment and assess antibioticresistance risks within coastal ecosystems.PUBLICATIONS (151 Total includes 23 Major National Reports and 128 Peer Reviewed Journal Articles)Scott, G. I., D.E. Porter, S. Norman, C. H. Scott, M. Uyaguari, K. A. Maruya, S. B. Weisberg, M. H.Fulton, E. F. Wirth, J. Moore, P. L. Pennington, D. Schlenck, N. D. Denslow, G. Cobb 2016. Antibiotics asCECs: An Overview of the Hazards Posed by Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance. Submitted to Frontiersin Marine Science: Accepted for Publication and In Press.Scott, G.I, M.H. Fulton, G. T. Chandler, A.F Holland, P. S. Sandifer , M. A. Reiter, and D. Porter. 2016.Global warming and coastal development: A recipe for disaster. In preparation.Brooks, B.W., J. M. Lazorchak, M.D.A. Howard, M-V. V. Johnson, S.L. Morton, D. A. K. Perkins, E. E.Reavie, G. I. Scott, S.A. Smith and J. A. Steevens.2016. Are Harmful Algal Blooms becoming the greatestinland water quality threat to public health and aquatic ecosystems. Env. Toxicology and Chemistry 36:6-13.Henderson, H. C., J. Hong, D. B. Friedman, D. E. Porter, A. C. Halfacre, G. I. Scott, and J. R. Lead. 2016. Acontent analysis of Internet resources about the risks of seafood consumption. International Journal ofEnvironmental Health Research, DOI: 10.1080/09603123.2015.1135313.
Wickliffe, L., D.E.Porter, J. Hibbert, G. I. Scott and C. Marsh. 2016. Development of a geospatial guidefor responsible residential pesticide application within the South Carolina coastal zone. SoutheasternGeographer: Accepted In press.Friedman, D. B., C. Toumey, D.E. Prter, J Hong, G. I. Scott and J. R. Lead. 2015. Communicating with thepublic about environmental health risks: a community engagement approach to dialogue about metalspeciation and toxicity. Environmental International 74(2015): 9-12.Gooch Moore, J., A. Ruple, K. Ballenger-Bass, S. Bell, P. L. Pennington and G. I. Scott.2014. Snapshot ofVibrio parahaemolyticus densities in open and closed shellfish beds in Coastal South Carolina andMississippi. Environ Monit Assess 186:7949–7960.Friedman,D. B., C. Toumey,D. E. Porter,J. Hong, G. I. Scott, and J. R. Lead .2014. A Community-EngagedApproach to Dialogue about Metal Speciation and Toxicity. Environment International: In PressFulton, M. H., P. L. Pennington, M.E. De Lorenzo and G. I. Scott. 2014. The use of mesocosms to assessimpacts of legacy and emerging contaminants in estuarine ecosystems. Env. Toxicology and Chemistry:In Press.Ellis, J.H., D. B. Friedman, R. Puett, G.I. Scott, and D. E. Porter.2014. A qualitative exploration of fishingand fish consumption in the Gullah/Geechee culture. Journal of Community Health [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 24737279.Bailey, J. E., D. Schlenk, K. B. Delclos, M. Ehrich, S. Klaine, M. Sandy, R. Denver, R. Grant, N. Horseman, J.Kerby, J. Leonard, D. MacLatchy, E. Perkins, L. Reid, K. Roby, G.I. Scott, D. Selvage, and T.Schultz.2013.A Set of Scientific Issues Being Considered by the Environmental Protection AgencyRegarding: Weight-of-Evidence: Evaluating Results of Endocrine Screening Program Tier 1 Screening, USEPA FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel Meeting, Environmental Protection Agency Conference Center, OnePotomac Yard, Arlington, VA, SAP Minutes No. 2013-05: 59pp (July, 2013): In review EPA ScienceAdvisory Panel -FIFRA and the Endocrine Disruptors Chemicals (EDC) Monitoring Program.Burns, J. M., P. L Pennington, P. Sisco, R. Frey, S. Kashiwada, M. H. Fulton, G. I. Scott, A. W. Decho, C. J.Murphy, T. J. Shaw and J. L. Ferry. 2013. Is surface charge condition the controlling factor in predictingthe distribution of nanomaterials in estuarine environments ? Env. Science and Technology