Transcription

Srimad Devi BhagavatamTranslated by Swami Sri Vijñanananda [1921-22]The Srimad Devi Bhagavatam, also known as Devi Purana, was composed into 12 chapters, containing 18000verses by the great Veda Vyasa. Though classified as an upa-purana it is the only purana Vedavyasa called“Maha Purana” meaning the great purana. At the end of each chapter of the 18 main puranas or the upapuranas is the verse “This is the end of the fifth section of the Vishnu Purana”, or “Thus ends the first chapterof Ganesha Purana Upasanakhanda called “The Description of Somakanta”. Where as in the Devi Bhagavatamit is clearly – “Thus ends the eighth chapter of the first Skandha in the Mahapurâna Srimad Devî Bhâgavatamof 18,000 verses by Maharsi Vedavyâsa”. The choice of words by the great rishis is obvious as Divine Motheris described in all major sastras as the one beyond and above the trinities and all Gods.What is Srimad Bhagavat is to the Vaisnavas, the Devî Bhâgavatam is to the Saktas.CONTENTSTHE FIRST BOOK Chapter I – On the questions by S’aunaka and other Rishis. Chapter II – On the question by S’aunaka and other Rishis. Chapter III – On praising the Purânas and on each Vyâsa of every Dvâpara Yuga Chapter IV – On the excellency of the Devî Chapter V – On the narrative of Hayagrîva Chapter VI – On the preparation for war by Madhu Kaitabha Chapter VII – On the praise of the Devî Chapter VIII – On deciding who is to be worshipped Chapter IX – On the killing of Madhu Kaitabha Chapter X – On S’iva’s granting boons Chapter XI – On the birth of Budha Chapter XII – On the birth of Pururavâ Chapter XIII – On Urvas’î and Pururavâ Chapter XIV – On the birth of S’uka Deva and on the duties of householders Chapter XV – On the dispassion of S’uka and the instructions of Bhagavatî to Hari Chapter XVI – On S’uka’s desiring to go to Mithilâ to see Janaka Chapter XVII – On S’uka’s self-control Chapter XVIII – On Janaka’s instructions to S’uka Deva Chapter XIX – On S’uka’s marriage Chapter XX – On Vyâsa doing his dutiesTHE SECOND BOOK Chapter I – On the birth of Matsyagandhâ Chapter II – On the birth of Vyâsa Deva Chapter III – On the curse on the river Gangâ1aghori.it

hapterChapterIV – On the birth of the VasusV – On the marriage of SatyavatîVI – On the birth of the PândavasVII – On shewing the departed onesVIII – On the extinction of the family of Yadu and on the anecdote of ParîksitIX – On the account of KuruX – On the death of ParîksitXI – On the Sarpa YajñaXII – On the birth of ÂstikaTHE THIRD BOOK Chapter I – On the questions put by Janamejaya Chapter II – On Rudrâs going towards the heavens on the celestial car Chapter III – On seeing the Devî Chapter IV – On the hymns to the Devî Chapter V – On chanting hymns by Hara and Brahmâ Chapter VI – On the powers of the Devî Chapter VII – On creation Chapter VIII – On Gunas Chapter IX – On the characteristics of the Gunas Chapter X – On the anecdote of S’atyavrata Chapter XI – On the Devî in the anecdote of S’atyavrata Chapter XII – On the Ambâ Yajña Chapter XIII – On the Devî Yajña Chapter XIV – On the glories of the Devî Chapter XV – On the fight between Yudhâjit and Vîrasena Chapter XVI – On Yudhâjit’s going to the hermitage of Bharadvâja Chapter XVII – On the story of Vîsvâmitra Chapter XVIII – On Svayambara of the daughter of the king of Benares Chapter XIX – On the marriage Chapter XX – On the Svayambara Hall Chapter XXI – On the king of Benares fulfilling the advice of his daughter Chapter XXII – On S’udarsana’s marriage Chapter XXIII – On killing the enemy of S’udars’an Chapter XXIV — On the installation of Durgâ Devî in Benares Chapter XXV – On the installation of the Devî in Ayodhâ and Benares Chapter XXVI – On the Navarâtri Chapter XXVII – On worshipping the virgins Chapter XXVIII – On incidents connected with Navarâtri Chapter XXIX – On the stealing of Sîtâ Chapter XXX – On Râma’s performing the Navarâtra ceremonyTHE FOURTH BOOK Chapter I – On the questions put by Janamejaya regarding Krishna’s incarnation Chapter II – On the supremacy of the effects of Karma Chapter III – On the previous curse of Vasudeva Chapter IV – On Adharma Chapter V – On the dialogues of Nara Nârâyana Chapter VI – On the origin of Urvas’î Chapter VII – On Ahamkâra Chapter VIII – On going to the Tîrthas Chapter IX – On the fight between the Rishis and Prahlâda Chapter X – On the curse on Vishnu by Bhrigu Chapter XI – On S’ukra’s going to Mahâdeva to get the Mantra Chapter XII – On Bhrigu’s curse and the dialogue between S’ukrâchârya and the Daityas Chapter XIII – On cheating the Daityas Chapter XIV – On the Daitya’s getting back their Sukrâchârya2aghori.it

hapterChapterChapterChapterXV – On the truce between the Daityas and the DevâsXVI – On the birth of the several Avatâras of VishnuXVII – On the the questions asked by JanamejayaXVIII – On the Devî Earth’s going to the HeavensXIX – On chanting the hymns to the DevîXX – On Devakî’s marriageXXI – On the killing of the sons of DevakîXXII – On the part incarnations of the several DevasXXIII – On the birth of S’rî KrishnaXXIV — On the stealing away of PradyumnaXXV – On the Devî’s Highest SupremacyTHE FIFTH BOOK Chapter I – On the superiority of Rudra over Vishnu Chapter II – On the birth of the Dânava Mahisha Chapter III – On the Daitya armies getting ready Chapter IV – On the war counsels given by Indra Chapter V – On the defeat of the Dânava forces of Mahisha Chapter VI – On the Deva Dânava fight Chapter VII – On the going of the Devas to Kailâsha Chapter VIII – On the description of the origin and the Form of the Devî Chapter IX – On the worship by the gods to the Devî Chapter X – On the messenger’s news to Mahisha Chapter XI – On Tâmrâ’s fighting with the Devî Chapter XII – On the cabinet held by Mahisha Chapter XIII – On the killing of Vâskala and Durmukha Chapter XIV – On the killing of Tâmra and Chiksura Chapter XV – On the slaying of Vidâlâksa and Asilomâ Chapter XVI – On the conversation between the Devî and Mahisha Chapter XVII – On Mandodarî’s accounts Chapter XVIII – On the killing of Mahisha Chapter XIX – On the hymns to the Devî Chapter XX – On the peace of the world Chapter XXI – On the conquest of the Heavens by S’umba and Nis’umbha Chapter XXII – On praising the Devî Chapter XXIII – On the prowess of Kaus’ikî Chapter XXIV — On Dhûmralochana Chapter XXV – On Dhûmralochana killed Chapter XXVI – On Chanda Munda killed Chapter XXVII – On the fight of Raktabîja Chapter XXVIII – On the Devî’s fighting Chapter XXIX – On the killing of Raktabîja Chapter XXX – On the killing of Nis’umbha Chapter XXXI – On the death of S’umbha Chapter XXXII – On the king Suratha’s going to the forest Chapter XXXIII – On the greatness of the Devî Chapter XXXIV – On the worship of the Devî Chapter XXXV – On the King Suratha’s getting the boons and on the Vais’ya’s SamâdhiTHE SIXTH BOOK Chapter I – On Tris’ira’s austerities Chapter II – On the birth Vritrâsura Chapter III – On the Deva defeat and on Vritra’s tapasyâ Chapter IV – On the defeat of the Devas by Vritra Chapter V – On praising the Devî Chapter VI – On Vritrâsura slain Chapter VII – On Indra’s disguise in the Mânas Lake3aghori.it

pterChapterChapterVIII – On S’achî’s praising the DevîIX – On Indra’s getting the fruits of Brahmahatyâ and on the downfall of king NahusaX – On the phase of KarmaXI – On the DharmaXII – On the war between Âdi and BakaXIII – On the above fightXIV – On the birth of Vas’istha from Mitrâ VarunaXV – On Nimi’s getting another body and on the HaihayasXVI – On the Haihaya and the BhârgavasXVII – On the continuance of Bhrigu’s familyXVIII – On the origin of the HaihayasXIX – On the Haihayas born of a mareXX – On the son born of a mare by HariXXI – On the installation of EkavîraXXII – On stealing away EkâvaliXXIII – On the war between Haihaya and KâlaketuXXIV — On Viksepa S’aktiXXV – On the cause of Moha of VyâsaXXVI – On Nârada’s MohaXXVII – On Nârada’s marriageXXVIII – On Nârada, a womanXXIX – On Nârada again a manXXX – On the glory of Mahâ MâyâXXXI – On Mahâ MâyâTHE SEVENTH BOOK Chapter I – On the Solar and Lunar Kings Chapter II – On the piercing of the eyes of Chyavana Muni Chapter III – The King S’aryâvati’s giving his daughter in marriage to Chyavana Muni Chapter IV – On Sukanyâ and the As’vins Chapter V – On Chyavana’s getting his youth Chapter VI – On the As’vins getting the right to drink Soma Chapter VII – On the As’vins drinking the Soma cup Chapter VIII – On the King Revata and the Solar Dynasty Chapter IX – On the story of Kâkutstha and on Mândhâtâ Chapter X – On Satyavrata Chapter XI – On Tris’anku Chapter XII – On Vas’istha’s curse on Tris’anku Chapter XIII – Vis’vâmitra helping Tris’anku Chapter XIV – On Tris’anku going to the Heavens Chapter XV – On the King Haris’chandra Chapter XVI – On S’unahs’epha Chapter XVII – On S’unahs’epha freed and Haris’chandra cured Chapter XVIII – On the quarrel between Haris’chandra and Vis’vâmitra Chapter XIX – On Haris’chandra’s kingdom taken Chapter XX – On Haris’chandra paying his Dakshinâ Chapter XXI – On the sorrows of Haris’chandra Chapter XXII – On selling Haris’chandra’s wife Chapter XXIII – On Haris’chandra as a slave of the Chândâla Chapter XXIV — On Haris’chandra in the burning Ghât of Kâs’î Chapter XXV – On the quarrels between Haris’chandra and Vis’vâmitra Chapter XXVI – On the sorrows of Haris’chandra Chapter XXVII – On Haris’chandra’s going to the Heavens Chapter XXVIII – On the glory of S’atâksî Devî Chapter XXIX – On the Devî’s birth in the Daksa’s house Chapter XXX – On the birth of Gauri and S’iva’s distraction Chapter XXXI – On the birth of Pârvatî4aghori.it

hapterChapterXXXII – On Self Realisation spoken by the DevîXXXIII – On the Devî’s Virât RûpaXXXIV – On the Final EmancipationXXXV – On the Yoga and Mantra SiddhiXXXVI – On the knowledge of BrahmanXXXVII – On BhaktiXXXVIII – On the vows and the sacred places of the DevîXXXIX – On the worship of the DevîXL – On the outer worship of the DevîTHE EIGHTH BOOK Chapter I – On the description of the worlds Chapter II – On the Earth raised by the Boar Chapter III – On Manu’s family Chapter IV – On the family of Priyavrata Chapter V – On the mountains and on the origin of rivers Chapter VI – On the rivers and the mountains Sumeru and others Chapter VII – On the Ganges and the Varsas Chapter VIII – On Ilâvrîta Chapter IX – On the divisions of the continent Chapter X – On Bhuvanakosa Chapter XI – On the continents and Bhâratavarsa Chapter XII – On the narration of Plaksa, S’âlmala, and Kus’a Dvîpas Chapter XIII – On the description of the remaining Dvîpas Chapter XIV – On the Lokâloka Chapter XV – On the motion of the Sun Chapter XVI – On the motion of the Planets Chapter XVII – On the Dhruvva Mandalam Chapter XVIII – On the Râhu Chapter XXII – On the sins Chapter XIX – On the nether regions Chapter XX – On the narrative of Talâtala Chapter XXI – On the narrative of hells Chapter XXIII – On the remaining hells Chapter XXIV — On the Devî PûjâTHE NINTH BOOK Chapter I – On the description of Prakriti Chapter II – On the origin of Prakriti and Purusha Chapter III – On the origin of Brahmâ, Vishnu, Mahesha and others Chapter IV – On the hymn, worship and Kavacha of Sarasvatî Chapter V – On Sarasvatî Stotra Chapter VI – On the coming in this world of Laksmî, Ganga and Sarasvatî Chapter VII – On the curses on Gangâ, Sarasvatî and Lakshmî Chapter VIII – On the greatness of Kali Chapter IX – On the origin of the S’akti of the Earth Chapter X – On the offences caused to the Earth and punishments thereof Chapter XI – On the origin of the Ganges Chapter XII – On the origin of Gangâ Chapter XIII – On the anecdote of Gangâ Chapter XIV – On Gangâ, as the wife of Nârâyana Chapter XV – On the question of the anecdote of Tulasî Chapter XVI – On the incarnation of Mahâ Lakshmî in the house of Kus’adhvaja Chapter XVII – On the anecdote of Tulasî Chapter XVIII – On the union of S’ankhachûda with Tulasî Chapter XIX – On the going of the Devas to Vaikuntha after Tulasî’s marriage Chapter XX – On the war preparations of S’ankhachûda5aghori.it

Chapter XXI – On the war between the Mahâ Deva and S’ankhachûdaChapter XXII – On the fight between the Devas and S’ankhachûdaChapter XXIII – On the killing of S’ankhachûdaChapter XXIV — On the glory of TulasîChapter XXV – On the worship of TulasîChapter XXVI – On SâvitrîChapter XXVII – On the birth, etc., of SâvitrîChapter XXVIII – On SâvitrîChapter XXIX – On Sâvitrî, on gifts, and on KarmasChapter XXX – On the conversation between Sâvitrî and YamaChapter XXXI – On Yama’s giving the Sakti Mantra to SâvitrîChapter XXXII – On the enumeration of various hells for sinnersChapter XXXIII – On the destinies of the sinnersChapter XXXIV – On the description of the various hellsChapter XXXV – On the description of the various hells for the various sinnersChapter XXXVI – On having no fear of Yama of those who are the PanchopâsakasChapter XXXVII – On the eighty-six KundasChapter XXXVIII – On the glories of the DevîChapter XXXIX – On Mahâ LakshmîChapter XL – On the birth of LakshmîChapter XLI – On the churning of the oceanChapter XLII – On the stotram of Mahâ LakshmîChapter XLIII – On SvâhâChapter XLIV – On SvadhâChapter XLV – On DakshinâChapter XLVI – On Sasthî DevîChapter XLVII – On Manasâ’s storyChapter XLVIII – On the anecdote of ManasâChapter XLIX – On SurabhiChapter L – On the glory of S’aktiNotes on S’akti and the S’âktasTHE TENTH BOOK Chapter I – On Svâyambhuva Manu Chapter II – On the conversation between Nârada and the Bindhya Mountain Chapter III – On Bindhya’s obstructing the Sun’s course in the Heavens Chapter IV – On the Devas’ going to Mahâ Deva Chapter V – On the Devas’ going to Vishnu Chapter VI – On the Devas’ praying to the Muni Agastya Chapter VII – On the checking of the rise of Bindhya Chapter VIII – On the origin of Manu Chapter IX – On the anecdote of Châksusa Manu Chapter X – On the history of the king Suratha Chapter XI – On Madhu Kaitabha killed Chapter XII – On Sâvarni Manu Chapter XIII – On Bhrâmarî DevîTHE ELEVENTH BOOK Chapter I – On the Morning Duties Chapter II – On cleaning the body Chapter III – On the glories of the Rudrâksha beads Chapter IV – On the greatness of the Rudrâksham Chapter V – On the Rudrâksham rosaries Chapter VI – On the greatness of Rudrâksham Chapter VII – On the different numbers of facets of Rudrâksham Chapter VIII – On Bhuta Suddhi Chapter IX – On the rules of Sirovrata6aghori.it

apterX – On Gauna BhasmaXI – On the three kinds of BhasmasXII – On holding the TripundramsXIII – On the greatness of BhasmaXIV – On holding the VibhutiXV – On using the Tripundra and UrdhapundraXVI – On the Sandhyâ UpâsanâXVII – On the Sandhyâ and other daily practicesXVIII – On the greatness of the Devî PûjâXIX – On the mid-day SandhyâXX – On the Brahma Yajña, Sandhyâs, etc.XXI – On the Gâyatrî Puras’charnamXXII – On the Vais’adevaXXIII – On the Tapta Krichchhra VrataXXIV — On SadâchâraTHE TWELFTH BOOK Chapter I – On the description of the Gâyatrî Chapter II – On the description of the S’aktis of the Gâyatrî Chapter III – On the Gâyatri Kavacham Chapter IV – On the Gâyatrî Hridayam Chapter V – On the Gâyatri Stotram Chapter VI – On the one thousand and eight names of Gâyatrî Chapter VII – On the Dîkshâ vidhi (initiation) Chapter VIII – On the appearance of the Highest S’akti Chapter IX – On the cause of faith in the other Devas than the Devî Gâyatrî Chapter X – On the description of the Mani Dvîpa Chapter XI – On the enclosure walls of the Mani Dvîpa Chapter XII – On the description of the Mani Dvîpa Chapter XIII – On Janamejaya’s Devî Yajña Chapter XIV – On the fruits of hearing, etc., this Purânam7aghori.it

Srimad Devi BhagavatamThe First SkandhaChapter IOn the questions by S’aunaka and others1. I meditate on the beginningless Brahmâvidyâ who is Sarvachaitanyarûpâ, of the nature of all-consciousness;May She stimulate our buddhi to the realisation of That (or who stimulates our buddhi in different directions).2. S’aunaka said: – “O highly fortunate Sûta! O noble Sûta! You are the best of persons; you are blessedinasmuch as you have thoroughly studied all the auspicious Purânas.3. O sinless one! you have gone through all the eighteen Purânas composed by Krisna Dvaipâyana; these areendowed with five excellent characteristics and full of esoteric meanings.Note: – The characteristics are to make the mantras reveal to one’s own self, to realise, to transfer to othersthe S’akti, force thereof, to prove the various manifestations of the several effects thereof, etc.4-5. O Sinless one! It is not that you have read them like a parrot, but you have thoroughly grasped themeaning of them all as you have learnt them from Vyâsa himself, the son of Satyavati. Now it is our goodmerits that you have come at this divine holy excellent Vis’vasan Ksettra (place), free from any defects of theKali age.6-10. O Sûta! These Munis assembled here are desirous to hear the holy Purâna Samhitâ, that yields religiousmerits. So describe this to ns with your mind concentrated. O all-knowing Sûta! Live long and be free fromthe threefold sorrows of existence. O highly fortunate one! Narrate to us the Purâna equivalent to the Vedas.O Sûta! Those persons that do not hear the Purânas, are certainly deprived by the Creator, though they haveapparently the organ of hearing, of the power of tasting the sweet essence of words; because, the organ ofhearing is gratified then and then only when it hears the words of the wise men, just as the organ of taste issatisfied then and then only when it tastes the six kinds of rasas (flavour, taste) (sweet, sour, pungent, bitter,salty, and astringent). This is known to all. The serpents that are void of the organ of hearing are enchantedby sweet music; then why should not those persons that have the organs of hearing and are averse to hearthe Purânas, be thrown under the category of the deaf?11-18. O Saumya! Hence all these Brâhmins, being distressed with the fear of this Kali, have come here tothis Naimisâranya, eager to hear attentively the Purânas, and are staying here with this one object. Time mustbe spent away anyhow or other; those that are fools while away their times in sports and other evil practicesand those that are learned pass away their times in meditating on the S’âstras; but these S’âstras are too vastand very varied; they contain Jalpas (debates or wrangling discussions to win over the opposite party), Vadas(sound doctrines to arrive at just conclusions), and various Arthavâdas (explanations and assertions,recommending Vidhis or precepts by stating the good arising from its proper observance and evils arising fromits omission and also by adducing historical instances for its support; praises and eulogies) and filled withmany argumentations. And, amongst these S’âstras again, the Vedânta is the Sâttvik, the Mimâmsas are theRâjasik and the Nyâya S’âstras with Hetuvâdas, are the Tâmasik; so the S’âstras are varied. Similarly, thePurânas are of three kinds: – (1) S’attvik, (2) Râjasik and (3) Tâmasik. O Saumya! (one of gentle appearance)you have recited those Purânas endowed with five characteristics and full of many narratives; of these, thefifth Purâna, equivalent to the Vedas and with all the good qualities, the