Black BlizzardPresenter: Cheryl BombengerFargo, North DakotaAITC: National Ag in the Classroom [email protected] Black Blizzard, more commonly known as the Dust Bowl, was aweather phenomenon that occurred from 1930-1940. This occurrenceaffected many states through the years and caused many deaths. Forpeople who lived through it, many referred to it as "the Dirty Thirties". dust bowlto purchase the Kids Discover “The Great Depression” April 2006 issueFree Lesson Plan and Power Vocabulary

Background KnowledgeSeven continents on this green earthSeven continents will do!Seven continents on this green earthI can name them how ‘bout you?North America, South AmericaEurope, Africa, and Asia!Australia, and AntarcticaAnd how about Fantasia?Uh-uh!Know Your Geography

Know Your HistoryBackground KnowledgeCreate A Timeline

Background Knowledge1.Hard times began in 1929. Millionswere unemployed. Bread lineswere a necessity.Create A Timeline p.2

Background Knowledge1.Create A Timeline p.3

Putting the Pieces Together: The Dirty ThirtiesFarmers over-Farmers were lured byHow could we handle theplowedrecord wheat prices.problems of Dust Bowl?the fields.What could be done toprevent future Dust Bowls?The ecosystem disruptionunleashed plagues ofgrasshoppers andjackrabbits Dust stormscrackled withpowerfulThe swirling dustproved deadlystaticelectricityFew “Okies”were actuallyfromOklahoma (1/5)One monster duststorm reached theAtlantic Ocean The land was defenselessagainst the winds thatbuffeted the Plains.

NounsPeoplePlaces Things

Noun: person, place, thing, animal, ideaProper Nouns are NAMES of people, places, animals, thingsPeoplePlaces Things

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Plants NeedC1 copy in color of choice over the planter on next page

Why Plants Didn’t Grow In the 30s1. and rainstorm and write ways that prevented plant growth in the 30s.1. The wind blew the seeds away. 2. Gardens would get buried under the dirt that blew 3. No rainFarmers had plowed up grassland to take advantage of high grain prices, but when prices dropped,the fields were abandoned, there were few roots to hold soil in place. The winds and erosionbegan. For eight years, dust blew. Eating, sleeping, walking, breathing were no longer simple tasks.

C1 copy in pale yellow/each student

C1 copy in green/each student

Life BoxThis is my box, my favorite, my Life BoxThis is my box, all the things that I need!This is my box, my favorite, my Life BoxIt helps sustain, life indeed!In my box there’s air, soil, water, and sunTo sustain life so I can play and have fun!In my box there’s air, soil, water, and sun!To sustain life and to keep me on the run!by Cheryl Bombenger

Wasting WaterWasting waterWasting waterWasting waterPuts our planet at risk!Wasting waterWasting waterPut “CONSERVE” at the top of your list!Flush the toilet 5 gallons!A drip 27 a day!Water for this, water for thatWe will run out of water this way!Em G D (Am Em)by Cheryl BombengerAlthough the Forestry Project did not stop the loss of topsoil, shelterbelts did supplyshade, beauty, less dust, and protection from cold. Shelterbelts around farmsteadscontinue to be used in this way. Although the windbreak itself did not stop soil loss,this report became the basis for silviculture in the Great Plains. The Project has beencited as "a remarkable example of applied ecology."

All the EcosystemsOh, they’re fun, really fun all the ecosystemsAll the plants and the animalsSome fly, some swim, some run!Oh, they’re fun, really fun habitats for eachFood chain after food chain withWater in their reach!Oh, there’s ponds and rivers, mountains and plainsLakes and oceans, deserts, and where there’s rain!Forests and tundra, salt water and freshLive in trees, lie in the water, or on landWhich is best?by Cheryl BombengerD GD AIn many regions, more than 75% of the topsoil was blown away by the end of the1930s. Land degradation varied widely. Aside from the short-term economicconsequences caused by erosion, there were severe long-term economic consequencesof the Dust Bowl.

Research DEBATE VoteWorst Environmental Disaster in U.S. History Spill in the Gulf of Mexico ‘10Deep Water HorizonThe Dust Bowl of the 1930sValdez Oil Spill on ‘89DDT (pesticide)

Historical Fiction Writing:Historical Fiction Writing:Make an anchor chart of all the “separate entities” students learned about after reading “Rose’s Journal.” (ideas: school,mom, dad, Christmas, eating, farm, friends, famous people, etc ) After students write, color brown, have a Black Blizzardthrowing the wads of paper then read with expression, read like a narrator, read like you were there.

Cause and EffectDuplicate similar shapes in the same color example: clouds –blue; arrows: pink; rectangles: yellow.Students read and follow the progression with Cause Effect! Tactile and kinesthetic benefits for students.

*Wheat prices dropped from 3.00a bushel to .40 per bushel in 1929.The stock market CRASHED.- There is nothing to hold the soil inplace. Wind storm after wind storm,year after year, wind erosion is evident.

The “New Deal” was FDR’s promisefor the Depression and the Dust Bowlto end.

*Prosperity on the Plains came toan end. Farmers had loans to paywithout any income. Farmers losttheir farms and homes.-The Plains are now referred to as the “DustBowl” of the continent. Black Blizzards are thenames of the wind and dirt storms that wouldtake a day to darkness in no time. 30 milliontons of soil was lost from the Great Plains.(enough to fill ups half of the Grand Canyon)

The Emergency Farm Mortgage Actwas passes and the Governmentpurchased cattle to drive up cattleprices. (FDR’s firs

NameFind Someone Who . can tell you about the “Roaring Twenties” can tell you about someonewho was famous who lived inthis era can find the worderosion in thedictionary can tell youwhy studentsstudied aboutLindbergh. can tell you about theGreat Depression tell you what 25% of thepopulation looks like that’s what percentageof the population wasunemployed can tell you whypeople were nothappy depressed: antonym can you their story of theirhard life in the thirties(narrative)

“Popsicles Plus”can be an independent, small group, or wholegroup learning experience for your class. You can use them for numerousreading activities including decoding, comprehension, synthesizing, etc Or hand them out and have them put themselves in order to discuss thehistorical timeline of events. Have a team of scientists standing by to givesuggestions your team of politicians who will be making major decisions forthe country. Duplicate 2 copies of each and play a memory r-popsicle-memory-gameif you want to put them on a fancy backdrop, check out this site.(plus more fun with free printables)COPY, CUT, PUT ON A STICK, AND LET THE LEARNING BEGIN!Timelineof theBlackBlizzard

1934May: Great duststorms spread fromthe Dust Bowl area.The drought is theworst ever in U.S.history, coveringmore than 75percent of thecountry andaffecting 27 statesseverely.1935 on Black Sunday theworst storm came and causedsevere damage. Thegovernment creates TheDrought Relief Service toorganize relief activities. TheFDR approves 525 milliondollars in drought relief,Emergency Relief AppropriationAct. The FDR also authorizedthe Works ProgressAdministration, which wouldemploy 8.5 million people.People estimated that 850million acres of topsoil hasblown off the southern plains.1936The chief of theLos Angeles Policesends 125 police mento protect theboarders of Nevadaand Oregon to keepout the undesirables.

1937The FDR’sShelterbelt Projectbegins. The projectcalls for theplanting of treesacross the GreatPlains.1938- theamount of thetopsoil blowingdecreased, yetthe droughtcontinued on.1939In all, 400,000 peopleleft the Great Plains,victims of thecombined action ofsevere drought andpoor soilconservationpractices.1939The drought endedin result of the endof the Dust Bowl

Dealing With A Bully?This isn’t a new problem!Simulate situations with yourstudents possible scenarios that people had todeal with who migrated to new places to helptheir families survive! Adults and children alikehad to deal with “bullying” in their desperatefight to survive!Migrants were called: Okies tin-can tourists Arkies Texicansdustbowlers hillbillies harvest gypsies squatters fruit trampsThe migrant campswere referred to as: Weedpatches Little Oklahomas Okievilles

Physical Abuse: hitting, kicking, punchingVerbal Abuse: name calling, jokes oroffensive remarksIndirect Bullying: spreading lies, secrets,rumors, or exaggerated storiesSocial Alienation: pointing out thedifferences in othersIntimidation Bullying: using threats tofrighten

Once You Say It, You Can’t Take Backthe Damage or Pain You Have CausedWhile students take on the real role offriend or bully as we focus on each otherduring a bullying unit called STAND Up. Eachnegative action, results in crunching up Rubyor Ralph each time a negative action isdisplayed!Students can then apologize and Ralph willbe as good as new WRONG! Words havelasting effects on all of us!Have students put their namein a “Kindness Bucket”each time they choose to actlike a good friend.

HYPERBOLEPThe wind was angryas it screamed downthe plains, mockingthe once calm humancharacteristics toinanimate thingsPIDIOMThe rise in povertywill unlock thePandora’s box ofcrimes.DEFINITIONreference to orasomething of historical,cultural, or ALLUSIONShe was so hungrycould eat a horse,but it wasn’t her dayto exaggerationused to make orprove a pointDEFINITIONEXAMPLEDEFINITIONPDEFINITIONa word or phrase thatmeans somethingdifferent than what’ssaidEXAMPLEIt was only a lightrain, but we actedlike it was rainingcats and dogs.outside.

a comparison withoutusing like or asEXAMPLEFDR’s “New Deal”would be the cherryon top.The Okies landed in anew world,unexpectedlyresilient.a writer uses symbolswithin their writing thattake on a meaningOnly time would tellthe effects of year’sof economic disaster.DEFINITIONCLICHEMETAPHORa phrase orexpression that isover usedcomparison usinglike or asThe day was as darkas night as the dustblanketed the town.PDEFINITIONEXAMPLEDEFINITIONSIMILEEXAMPLEThe wind whistled asit picked up the dust,soon roaring in as itblanketed the town.DEFINITIONwords that BOLISM1.

Dear Mrs. Roosevelt:Dear Mrs. m How should Mrs. Roosevelt have responded?What adjectives would you use to describe the peoplewho were affected by the Great Depression?Which would be the best use of Mrs. Roosevelt’s time,responding to each of these letters, or working toestablish programs like the NYA and CCC?Have any of you ever written to prestigious peopleabout a particular problem? What response did youget?At the end of the lesson, explain how Mrs. Rooseveltdid respond to these and other similar letters.Impoverished young Americans had no greater champion during theDepression than Eleanor Roosevelt. As First Lady, Mrs. Roosevelt usedher newspaper columns and radio broadcasts to crusade for expandedfederal aid to poor children and teens. She was the most visiblespokesperson for the National Youth Administration, the New Deal'scentral agency for aiding needy youths, and she was adamant in insistingthat federal aid to young people be administered without discriminationso that it reached blacks as well as whites, girls as well as boys.This activism made Mrs. Roosevelt a beloved figure among poor teensand children, who between 1933 and 1941 wrote her thousands ofletters describing their problems and requesting her help.

Build the word sounds or syllables:Print the word Then write it in cursiveRhyme the wordDefine the wordWrite it in a sentencePick and share grate

Write a postcard from someone’s perspective who lived in the30’s. Diversity is the key a mother, father, child, banker, etc.

Found on PinterestCreate A Beehive:Use cardboard egg cartons andbulletin board paper for the hive.Add yellow translucent wadded uppaper for the honey and capped thecells with wax paper. Add largeyellow pompoms for the pollen inthe hive. Display your queen beeand worker bees. Even connectsome of them like they do whenthey want to extract the wax fromtheir bodies to make more cells or tocap off cells.Great Bee Unit and Fun Ideas: eschool-study.htmlToilet paper rolls to create bees and honeycomb. Use large bubblewrap to paint and press as well.

dBees In the ‘Bowl’“Bees InAmerica”How theHoney BeeShaped ANationByTammy HornThe 20s had ups and downs for the bee,honey, and the candle making industries, withmore downs, and the Great Depression tocome.The Depression affected beekeepers inseveral ways. The drought had more disastrouseffects than the Wall Street crash. Then camestrip mining and deforestation. The droughtscaused many orchards to wither and die.In North Dakota, bees could not survive,much less make honey. (p.176) After so muchcareless land use and drought, farmers changedtheir crop.Financial shortfalls took their toll onbeekeepers. According to the 1933 AmericanBee Journal, many Iowa orchard farmers wereunable to pay for proper spraying, and thus,many orchards were chopped down. Just asorchard growers neglected their trees,beekeepers neglected their hives. Many boxeswent without paint and repair. Somehoneycombs were eaten by moths and mice.Many colonies just plain staved and died. Manybeekeepers had to become self-reliant andforged through the Depression. Honey sold forunder 3 cents a pound. Salaries were low, and ittook years to get loans from the government tostay afloat.Diseases and

PollinationExperimentNameLet’s begin with 1. Lunch bags for each student2. Copy, color with colored pencil, and cut flower out glue on to bag3. Make bee finger puppet4. Fill the bottoms of their bags with Cheetos.5. Students go from bag to bag sucking nectar fromthe flower (snacking on Cheetos). They cannot lickor wipe their fingers (the cheese dust representsthe pollen).6. Students then visit the flowers of their friends"landing" on it with their fingers. (representspollination)7. Complete pollination sheet.8. Bee Book: begin by drawing and writing whatstudents know about bees do this at thebeginning and at the end and compare the amountlearnedGet the Buzz about honey bees @ /dialogue4kids/season14/bees/teachers.cfm for Sites and Sounds of Bees

Finger Ring to Glue to Back of Bee bee finger puppet flower for Cheetos bag

PollinationExperimentDrawMy hand represents:My bag of Cheetos represent:When I touch a friend’s flower:NameExplain

BeesBees have 5eyes WOW!

200 bees canlive in one nesttogether.Bees have 3body parts:head, abdomen,thorax!

Bees drinknectar fromflowers.Bees havehairy bodies!

We can thank apollinator for up1/3 of the foodwe eat.85% of plantsexist because ofbees!

Honey bees don’talways die whenstingingsomething.Honey bees knowthe world is roundand can calculateangles!

Honey bees make honeyby taking nectar fromflowers and mixing itwith enzymes fromglands in their mouths.Honey bees are notnative to America.Some NativeAmericans called them“white Man’s Flies”.

The bees know ifthe queen dies bysmell.Bees travel from 1.5– 7.5 miles perexcursion for pollenand nectar!

Round and roundThe winds did spinThey pick up dirt and more dirt.No rain, none in sightThe crops wither awayThe Dust Bowl is given its birth.No money, no foodNo income, no workNo farm, when the bank takes it away.Factories shutLive were changedThe “Dirty Thirties, here to stay.Dust in our lungsDust in our clothesDust in our sheetsAll through.Dark were the daysLight up the lampsby Cheryl BombengerMasks on our faces needed too.Black Blizzard, Black BlizzardKills crops and darkens the skiesBlack Blizzard, black blizzardKills as the dust does fly.Poor migrants traveled on Route 66From the plains and the south they cameOn to California, through the mountains and desertsNow were known as an Oakie just the same.